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AccessibleNavigation 枚举

指定用于在辅助性对象之间进行定位的值。

命名空间: System.Windows.Forms
程序集: System.Windows.Forms(在 system.windows.forms.dll 中)

public enum AccessibleNavigation
public enum AccessibleNavigation
public enum AccessibleNavigation

 成员名称说明
Down到位于起始对象下的同级对象的导航。 
FirstChild到对象的第一个子级的导航。 
LastChild到对象的最后一个子级的导航。 
Left到位于起始对象左边的同级对象的导航。 
Next到下一个逻辑对象的导航,通常是从同级对象到起始对象。 
Previous到前一个逻辑对象的导航,通常是从同级对象到起始对象。 
Right到位于起始对象右边的同级对象的导航。 
Up到位于起始对象上边的同级对象的导航。 

辅助性导航方向或者是空间上的(上、下、左、右),或者是逻辑上的(第一个子级、最后一个子级、下一个和前一个)。当客户端在同一容器中从一个用户界面元素定位至另一用户界面元素时,使用逻辑方向。

AccessibleObject 使用此枚举。

有关具有辅助功能的应用程序的更多信息,请搜索 MSDN Library 中的“Microsoft Active Accessibility”主题。

下面的代码示例演示了如何创建一个具有辅助功能的图表控件,并使用 AccessibleObjectControl.ControlAccessibleObject 类来公开辅助性信息。该控件绘制两条带有图例的曲线。CreateAccessibilityInstance 方法使用从 ControlAccessibleObject 派生的 ChartControlAccessibleObject 类,为图表控件提供自定义辅助性信息。因为图表图例不是实际的基于 Control 的控件,而是由图表控件绘制的,所以它不提供任何内置的辅助性信息。因此,ChartControlAccessibleObject 类重写 GetChild 方法以返回 CurveLegendAccessibleObject(表示该图例各部分的辅助性信息)。当具有辅助功能的应用程序使用该控件时,该控件能提供必需的辅助性信息。

此示例演示了如何将 AccessibleNavigation 枚举与 Navigate 方法一起使用。有关完整的代码示例,请参见 AccessibleObject 类概述。

// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
public class ChartControlAccessibleObject : ControlAccessibleObject
{
    ChartControl chartControl;

    public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl) : base(ctrl) 
    {
        chartControl = ctrl;
    }

    // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleRole Role
    {  
        get {
            return AccessibleRole.Chart;
        }
    }

    // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    public override AccessibleStates State
    {  
        get {                    
            return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
        }
    }

    // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of accessibility so 
    // return the number of ChartLengend objects.
    public override int GetChildCount()
    {  
        return chartControl.Legends.Length;
    }

    // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend idetified by index.
    public override AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
    {  
        if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.Legends.Length) {
            return chartControl.Legends[index].AccessibilityObject;
        }                
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to navigate between sibiling controls. Specifically, this function is used in
    // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    internal AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
                                                AccessibleNavigation navdir) 
    {  
        switch(navdir) {
            case AccessibleNavigation.Down:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Next:
                return GetChild(child.ID + 1);
                
            case AccessibleNavigation.Up:
            case AccessibleNavigation.Previous:
                return GetChild(child.ID - 1);                        
        }
        return null;
    }

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility object
    // to select a specific CurveLegend control. Specifically, this function is used
    // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
    internal void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, AccessibleSelection selection) 
    {   
        int childID = child.ID;

        // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        // AccessibleSelection value.
        if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection) != 0) {
            for(int i = 0; i < chartControl.Legends.Length; i++) {
                if (i == childID) {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = true;                        
                } else {
                    chartControl.Legends[i].Selected = false;
                }
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be selected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = true;                        
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend will be unselected.
            if ((selection & AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                chartControl.Legends[childID].Selected = false;                        
            }
        }            
    }
}

// Inner class ChartControlAccessibleObject represents accessible 
// information associated with the ChartControl.
// The ChartControlAccessibleObject is returned in the 
// ChartControl.CreateAccessibilityInstance override.
public static class ChartControlAccessibleObject 
    extends ControlAccessibleObject
{
    private ChartControl chartControl;

    public ChartControlAccessibleObject(ChartControl ctrl)
    {
        super(ctrl);
        chartControl = ctrl;
    } //ChartControlAccessibleObject

    // Gets the role for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    /** @property 
     */
    public AccessibleRole get_Role()
    {
        return AccessibleRole.Chart;
    } //get_Role

    // Gets the state for the Chart. This is used by accessibility programs.
    /** @property 
     */
    public AccessibleStates get_State()
    {
        return AccessibleStates.ReadOnly;
    } //get_State

    // The CurveLegend objects are "child" controls in terms of  
    // accessibility so return the number of ChartLengend objects.
    public int GetChildCount()
    {
        return chartControl.get_Legends().get_Length();
    } //GetChildCount

    // Gets the Accessibility object of the child CurveLegend 
    // idetified by index.
    public AccessibleObject GetChild(int index)
    {
        if (index >= 0 && index < chartControl.get_Legends().get_Length()) {
            return chartControl.get_Legends()[index].
                get_AccessibilityObject();
        }
        return null;
    } //GetChild

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility 
    // object to navigate between sibiling controls.  
    // Specifically, this function is used in
    // the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Navigate function.
    AccessibleObject NavigateFromChild(
        CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
        AccessibleNavigation navDir)
    {
        if (navDir.Equals(AccessibleNavigation.Down) 
            || navDir.Equals(AccessibleNavigation.Next)) {
            return GetChild(child.get_ID() + 1);
        }
        else {
            if (navDir.Equals(AccessibleNavigation.Up) 
                || navDir.Equals(AccessibleNavigation.Previous)) {
                return GetChild(child.get_ID() - 1);
            }
        }
        return null;
    } //NavigateFromChild

    // Helper function that is used by the CurveLegend's accessibility
    // object to select a specific CurveLegend control. 
    // Specifically, this function is used
    // in the CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject.Select function.
    public void SelectChild(CurveLegend.CurveLegendAccessibleObject child, 
        AccessibleSelection selection)
    {
        int childID = child.get_ID();

        // Determine which selection action should occur, based on the
        // AccessibleSelection value.
        if (Convert.ToInt32(selection & AccessibleSelection.TakeSelection)
            != 0) {
            for (int i = 0; i < chartControl.get_Legends().get_Length(); 
                i++) {
                if (i == childID) {
                    ((CurveLegend)chartControl.get_Legends().get_Item(i)).
                        set_Selected(true);
                }
                else {
                    ((CurveLegend)chartControl.get_Legends().get_Item(i)).
                        set_Selected(false);
                }
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend 
            // will be selected.
            if (Convert.ToInt32(selection & AccessibleSelection.AddSelection)
                != 0) {
                ((CurveLegend)chartControl.get_Legends().get_Item(childID)).
                    set_Selected(true);
            }

            // AccessibleSelection.AddSelection means that the CurveLegend 
            // will be unselected.
            if (Convert.ToInt32(selection & 
                AccessibleSelection.RemoveSelection) != 0) {
                ((CurveLegend)chartControl.get_Legends().get_Item(childID)).
                    set_Selected(false);
            }
        }
    } //SelectChild
} //ChartControlAccessibleObject

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

Windows Vista、Microsoft Windows XP SP2 和 Windows Server 2003 SP1 支持 Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0。

.NET Framework

受以下版本支持:3.0、2.0、1.1、1.0
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