ColumnDefinitionCollection 类
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ColumnDefinitionCollection 类

更新:2007 年 11 月

提供对 ColumnDefinition 对象的有序强类型集合的访问。

命名空间:  System.Windows.Controls
程序集:  PresentationFramework(在 PresentationFramework.dll 中)

public sealed class ColumnDefinitionCollection : IList<ColumnDefinition>, 
	ICollection<ColumnDefinition>, IEnumerable<ColumnDefinition>, IList, 
	ICollection, IEnumerable
public final class ColumnDefinitionCollection implements IList<ColumnDefinition>, 
	ICollection<ColumnDefinition>, IEnumerable<ColumnDefinition>, IList, 
	ICollection, IEnumerable
public final class ColumnDefinitionCollection implements IList<ColumnDefinition>, ICollection<ColumnDefinition>, IEnumerable<ColumnDefinition>, IList, ICollection, IEnumerable
无法直接在 XAML 中创建此类的实例。

此示例演示如何在 ColumnDefinitionCollectionRowDefinitionCollection 类中使用方法来执行像添加、清除或计数行或列内容这样的操作。例如,您可以对 ColumnDefinitionRowDefinition 中包括的项执行 AddClearCount 方法。若要查看完整示例,请参见行集合和列集合示例

下面的示例创建了一个 Grid 元素,其 Namegrid1Grid 包含保存 Button 元素(每个元素都由不同的集合方法进行控制)的 StackPanel。单击 Button 时,它将在代码隐藏文件中激活一个方法调用。

        <Grid DockPanel.Dock="Top" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Name="grid1" ShowGridLines="true" Width="625" Height="400" Background="#b0e0e6">
          <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
            <ColumnDefinition/>
          </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
          <Grid.RowDefinitions>
          <RowDefinition/>
            <RowDefinition/>
            <RowDefinition/>
          </Grid.RowDefinitions>
        </Grid>

        <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Left" Orientation="Horizontal" Width="625" DockPanel.Dock="Top">
            <Button Width="125" Click="addCol">Add Column</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="addRow">Add Row</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="clearCol">Clear All Columns</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="clearRow">Clear All Rows</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="removeCol">Remove One Column</Button>
        </StackPanel>
        <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Left" Orientation="Horizontal" Width="625" DockPanel.Dock="Top">
            <Button Width="125" Click="removeRow">Remove One Row</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="colCount">How Many Columns?</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="rowCount">How Many Rows?</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="rem5Col">Remove 5 Columns</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="rem5Row">Remove 5 Rows</Button>			
		    </StackPanel>
        <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Left" Orientation="Horizontal" Width="625" DockPanel.Dock="Top">
            <Button Width="125" Click="containsRow">Contains Row?</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="containsCol">Contains Column?</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="insertRowAt">Insert Row</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="insertColAt">Insert Column</Button>
            <Button Width="125" Click="colReadOnly">IsReadOnly?</Button>
        </StackPanel>    


此示例定义了一系列自定义方法,每种自定义方法都与 可扩展应用程序标记语言 (XAML) 文件中的一个 Click 事件相对应。您可以用多种方法来更改 Grid 中的列数和行数,包括添加或删除行和列以及计算行和列的总数。若要防止出现 ArgumentOutOfRangeExceptionArgumentException 异常,可以使用 RemoveRange 方法提供的错误检查功能。

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Documents;

namespace columndefinitions_grid
{
    public partial class Window1 : Window
    {
        RowDefinition rowDef1;
        ColumnDefinition colDef1;

        private void addCol(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e) 
        {
            colDef1 = new ColumnDefinition();
            grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Add(colDef1);
        }

        private void addRow(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            rowDef1 = new RowDefinition();
            grid1.RowDefinitions.Add(rowDef1);
        }

        private void clearCol(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Clear();
        }

        private void clearRow(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            grid1.RowDefinitions.Clear();
        }

        private void removeCol(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Count <= 0)
            {
                tp1.Text = "No More Columns to Remove!";
            }
            else
            {
                grid1.ColumnDefinitions.RemoveAt(0);
            }
        }

        private void removeRow(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (grid1.RowDefinitions.Count <= 0)
            {
                tp1.Text = "No More Rows to Remove!";
            }
            else
            {
                grid1.RowDefinitions.RemoveAt(0);
            }
        }

        private void colCount(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            tp2.Text = "The current number of Columns is: " + grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Count;
        }

        private void rowCount(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            tp2.Text = "The current number of Rows is: " + grid1.RowDefinitions.Count;
        }

        private void rem5Col(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Count < 5)
            {
                tp1.Text = "There aren't five Columns to Remove!";
            }
            else
            {
                grid1.ColumnDefinitions.RemoveRange(0,5);
            }
        }

        private void rem5Row(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (grid1.RowDefinitions.Count < 5)
            {
                tp1.Text = "There aren't five Rows to Remove!";
            }
            else
            {
                grid1.RowDefinitions.RemoveRange(0, 5);
            }
        }

        private void containsRow(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (grid1.RowDefinitions.Contains(rowDef1))
            {
                tp2.Text = "Grid Contains RowDefinition rowDef1";
            }
            else
            {
                tp2.Text = "Grid Does Not Contain RowDefinition rowDef1";
            }
        }

        private void containsCol(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Contains(colDef1))
            {
                tp3.Text = "Grid Contains ColumnDefinition colDef1";
            }
            else
            {
                tp3.Text = "Grid Does Not Contain ColumnDefinition colDef1";
            }
        }

        private void colReadOnly(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            tp4.Text = "RowDefinitionsCollection IsReadOnly?: " + grid1.RowDefinitions.IsReadOnly.ToString();
            tp5.Text = "ColumnDefinitionsCollection IsReadOnly?: " + grid1.ColumnDefinitions.IsReadOnly.ToString();
        }

        private void insertRowAt(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            rowDef1 = new RowDefinition();
            grid1.RowDefinitions.Insert(grid1.RowDefinitions.Count, rowDef1);
            tp1.Text = "RowDefinition added at index position " + grid1.RowDefinitions.IndexOf(rowDef1).ToString();
        }

        private void insertColAt(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            colDef1 = new ColumnDefinition();
            grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Insert(grid1.ColumnDefinitions.Count, colDef1);
            tp2.Text = "ColumnDefinition added at index position " + grid1.ColumnDefinitions.IndexOf(colDef1).ToString();
        }
    }
}


System.Object
  System.Windows.Controls.ColumnDefinitionCollection

此类型的任何公共 static(在 Visual Basic 中为 Shared) 成员都是线程安全的。但不保证所有实例成员都是线程安全的。

Windows Vista

.NET Framework 和 .NET Compact Framework 并不是对每个平台的所有版本都提供支持。有关支持的版本的列表,请参见.NET Framework 系统要求

.NET Framework

受以下版本支持:3.5、3.0

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