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OperatingSystem 类

更新:2007 年 11 月

表示有关操作系统的信息,如版本和平台标识符。无法继承此类。

命名空间:  System
程序集:  mscorlib(在 mscorlib.dll 中)

[SerializableAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public sealed class OperatingSystem : ICloneable, 
	ISerializable
/** @attribute SerializableAttribute */ 
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */
public final class OperatingSystem implements ICloneable, 
	ISerializable
public final class OperatingSystem implements ICloneable, ISerializable

OperatingSystem 类包含有关操作系统的信息。例如,Environment.OSVersion 属性在 OperatingSystem 对象中返回有关当前正在执行的操作系统的信息。

在设计上,OperatingSystem 类不是描述操作系统的一般方式,从 OperatingSystem 类派生的类型无法包含更多内容。如果需要一个类型用于包含有关操作系统的其他信息,则应创建自己的类型,然后包括一个 OperatingSystem 类型的字段,以及所需的任何其他字段、属性或方法。

下面的代码示例使用 PlatformVersion 属性的所选值创建 OperatingSystem 类的对象。

// Example for the OperatingSystem constructor and the 
// OperatingSystem.ToString( ) method.
using System;

class OpSysConstructDemo 
{
    // Create and display an OperatingSystem object.
    static void BuildOSObj( PlatformID pID, Version ver )
    {
        OperatingSystem os = new OperatingSystem( pID, ver );

        Console.WriteLine( "   {0}", os.ToString( ) );
    }

    static void BuildOperatingSystemObjects( )
    {
        // The Version object does not need to correspond to an 
        // actual OS version.
        Version verNull     = new Version( );
        Version verMajMin   = new Version( 3, 11 );
        Version verMMBld    = new Version( 5, 25, 625 );
        Version verMMBVer   = new Version( 5, 6, 7, 8 );
        Version verString   = new Version( "3.5.8.13" );

        // All PlatformID members are shown here.
        BuildOSObj( PlatformID.Win32NT, verNull );
        BuildOSObj( PlatformID.Win32S, verMajMin );
        BuildOSObj( PlatformID.Win32Windows, verMMBld );
        BuildOSObj( PlatformID.WinCE, verMMBVer );
        BuildOSObj( PlatformID.Win32NT, verString );
    }

    public static void Main( ) 
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of the OperatingSystem constructor " +
            "and \nOperatingSystem.ToString( ) " +
            "generates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "Create and display several different " +
            "OperatingSystem objects:\n" );

        BuildOperatingSystemObjects( );

        Console.WriteLine( 
            "\nThe OS version of the host computer is:\n\n   {0}", 
            Environment.OSVersion.ToString( ) );
    }
}

/*
This example of the OperatingSystem constructor and
OperatingSystem.ToString( ) generates the following output.

Create and display several different OperatingSystem objects:

   Microsoft Windows NT 0.0
   Microsoft Win32S 3.11
   Microsoft Windows 98 5.25.625
   Microsoft Windows CE 5.6.7.8
   Microsoft Windows NT 3.5.8.13

The OS version of the host computer is:

   Microsoft Windows NT 5.1.2600.0
*/


// Example for the OperatingSystem constructor and the 
// OperatingSystem.ToString( ) method.
import System.*;

class OpSysConstructDemo
{
    // Create and display an OperatingSystem object.
    static void BuildOSObj(PlatformID pID, Version ver)
    {
        OperatingSystem os = new OperatingSystem(pID, ver);
        Console.WriteLine("   {0}", os.ToString());
    } //BuildOSObj

    static void BuildOperatingSystemObjects()
    {
        // The Version object does not need to correspond to an 
        // actual OS version.
        Version verNull = new Version();
        Version verMajMin = new Version(3, 11);
        Version verMMBld = new Version(5, 25, 625);
        Version verMMBVer = new Version(5, 6, 7, 8);
        Version verString = new Version("3.5.8.13");

        // All PlatformID members are shown here.
        BuildOSObj(PlatformID.Win32NT, verNull);
        BuildOSObj(PlatformID.Win32S, verMajMin);
        BuildOSObj(PlatformID.Win32Windows, verMMBld);
        BuildOSObj(PlatformID.WinCE, verMMBVer);
        BuildOSObj(PlatformID.Win32NT, verString);
    } //BuildOperatingSystemObjects

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(("This example of the OperatingSystem constructor " 
            + "and \nOperatingSystem.ToString( ) " 
            + "generates the following output.\n"));
        Console.WriteLine(("Create and display several different " 
            + "OperatingSystem objects:\n"));
        BuildOperatingSystemObjects();
        Console.WriteLine(
            "\nThe OS version of the host computer is:\n\n   {0}",
            Environment.get_OSVersion().ToString());
    } //main
} //OpSysConstructDemo

/*
This example of the OperatingSystem constructor and
OperatingSystem.ToString( ) generates the following output.

Create and display several different OperatingSystem objects:

   Microsoft Windows NT 0.0
   Microsoft Win32S 3.11
   Microsoft Windows 98 5.25.625
   Microsoft Windows CE 5.6.7.8
   Microsoft Windows NT 3.5.8.13

The OS version of the host computer is:

   Microsoft Windows NT 5.1.2600.0
*/


System.Object
  System.OperatingSystem

此类型的任何公共 static(在 Visual Basic 中为 Shared) 成员都是线程安全的。但不保证所有实例成员都是线程安全的。

Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360

.NET Framework 和 .NET Compact Framework 并不是对每个平台的所有版本都提供支持。有关支持的版本的列表,请参见.NET Framework 系统要求

.NET Framework

受以下版本支持:3.5、3.0、2.0、1.1、1.0

.NET Compact Framework

受以下版本支持:3.5、2.0、1.0

XNA Framework

受以下版本支持:2.0、1.0
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