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Seq.countBy<'T,'Key> Function (F#)

Den Delimarsky|Last Updated: 7/25/2016
2 Contributors

Applies a key-generating function to each element of a sequence and returns a sequence yielding unique keys and their number of occurrences in the original sequence.

Namespace/Module Path: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.Seq

Assembly: FSharp.Core (in FSharp.Core.dll)


// Signature:
Seq.countBy : ('T -> 'Key) -> seq<'T> -> seq<'Key * int> (requires equality)

// Usage:
Seq.countBy projection source


projection Type: 'T -> 'Key

A function transforming each item of input sequence into a key to be compared against the others.

source Type: seq<'T>

The input sequence.


ArgumentNullExceptionThrown when the input sequence is null

Return Value

A sequence of unique keys and their number of occurrences in the original sequence.


Note that this function returns a sequence that traverses the whole initial sequence as soon as that sequence is iterated. As a result this function should not be used with large or infinite sequences. The function makes no assumption on the ordering of the original sequence.

This function is named CountBy in compiled assemblies. If you are accessing the function from a language other than F#, or through reflection, use this name.


The following example demonstrates the use of Seq.countBy to determine the number of elements in a sequence that are odd or even.

let mySeq1 = seq { 1.. 100 }
let printSeq seq1 = 
    |> Seq.iter (printf "%A ")
    printfn ""
let seqResult = Seq.countBy (fun elem ->
    if (elem % 2 = 0) then 0 else 1) mySeq1

printSeq seqResult


(1, 50) (0, 50)


Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2

Version Information

F# Core Library Versions

Supported in: 2.0, 4.0, Portable

See Also

Collections.Seq Module (F#)

Microsoft.FSharp.Collections Namespace (F#)

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