Table of contents
TOC
Collapse the table of content
Expand the table of content

MailboxProcessor.Start<'Msg> Method (F#)

Den Delimarsky|Last Updated: 7/6/2016
|
1 Contributor

Creates and starts an agent.

Namespace/Module Path: Microsoft.FSharp.Control

Assembly: FSharp.Core (in FSharp.Core.dll)

Syntax

// Signature:
static member Start : (MailboxProcessor<'Msg> -> Async<unit>) * ?CancellationToken -> MailboxProcessor<'Msg>

// Usage:
MailboxProcessor.Start (body)
MailboxProcessor.Start (body, cancellationToken = cancellationToken)

Parameters

body Type: MailboxProcessor<'Msg> ->Async<unit>

The function to produce an asynchronous computation that will be executed as the read loop for the MailboxProcessor when Start is called.

cancellationToken Type: CancellationToken

An optional cancellation token for the body. The default is Async.DefaultCancellationToken.

Return Value

The created MailboxProcessor.

Remarks

The body function is used to generate the asynchronous computation executed by the agent.

Example

The following code example shows how to start a mailbox processor agent. In this example, each line of input from the console is posted to a message queue. The program reads each message and replies by using a reply channel. When the special message "Stop" is received, the Stop reply is sent and the program exits.

open System

type Message = string * AsyncReplyChannel<string>

let formatString = "Message number {0} was received. Message contents: {1}"

let printThreadId note =

    // Append the thread ID.
    printfn "%d : %s" System.Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId note


let agent = MailboxProcessor<Message>.Start(fun inbox ->
    let rec loop n =
        async {
                let! (message, replyChannel) = inbox.Receive();
                printThreadId "MailboxProcessor"
                if (message = "Stop") then
                    replyChannel.Reply("Stopping.")
                else
                    replyChannel.Reply(String.Format(formatString, n, message))
                do! loop (n + 1)
        }
    loop 0)

printfn "Mailbox Processor Test"
printfn "Type some text and press Enter to submit a message."
printfn "Type 'Stop' to close the program."

let rec loop() =
    printf "> "
    let input = Console.ReadLine()
    printThreadId("Console loop")
    let reply = agent.PostAndReply(fun replyChannel -> input, replyChannel)
    if (reply <> "Stopping.") then
        printfn "Reply: %s" reply
        loop()
    else
        ()
loop()

printfn "Press Enter to continue."
Console.ReadLine() |> ignore

Following is an example session.

Mailbox Processor Test
Type some text and press Enter to submit a message.
Type 'Stop' to close the program.
> hello
1 : Console loop
4 : mailboxProcessor
Reply: Message number 0 was received. Message contents: hello
> testing
1 : Console loop
3 : mailboxProcessor
Reply: Message number 1 was received. Message contents: testing
> hello?
1 : Console loop
4 : mailboxProcessor
Reply: Message number 2 was received. Message contents: hello?
> testing 1 2 3
1 : Console loop
3 : mailboxProcessor
Reply: Message number 3 was received. Message contents: testing 1 2 3
> Stop
1 : Console loop
4 : mailboxProcessor
Press Enter to continue.

Platforms

Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2

Version Information

F# Core Library Versions

Supported in: 2.0, 4.0, Portable

See Also

Control.MailboxProcessor<'Msg> Class (F#)

Microsoft.FSharp.Control Namespace (F#)

© 2016 Microsoft