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List.tryPick<'T,'U> Function (F#)

Den Delimarsky|Last Updated: 7/6/2016
|
1 Contributor

Applies the given function to successive elements, returning the first result where function returns Some for some value. If no such element exists then return None.

Namespace/Module Path: Microsoft.FSharp.Collections.List

Assembly: FSharp.Core (in FSharp.Core.dll)

Syntax

// Signature:
List.tryPick : ('T -> 'U option) -> 'T list -> 'U option

// Usage:
List.tryPick chooser list

Parameters

chooser Type: 'T -> 'Uoption

The function to generate options from the elements.

list Type: 'Tlist

The input list.

Return Value

The first resulting value or None.

Remarks

This function is named TryPick in compiled assemblies. If you are accessing the function from a language other than F#, or through reflection, use this name.

Example

let findPerfectSquareAndCube list1 =
    let delta = 1.0e-10
    let isPerfectSquare (x:int) =
        let y = sqrt (float x)
        abs(y - round y) < delta
    let isPerfectCube (x:int) =
        let y = System.Math.Pow(float x, 1.0/3.0)
        abs(y - round y) < delta
    // intFunction : (float -> float) -> int -> int
    // Allows the use of a floating point function with integers.
    let intFunction function1 number = int (round (function1 (float number)))
    let cubeRoot x = System.Math.Pow(x, 1.0/3.0)
    // testElement: int -> (int * int * int) option
    // Test an element to see whether it is a perfect square and a perfect
    // cube, and, if so, return the element, square root, and cube root
    // as an option value. Otherwise, return None.
    let testElement elem = 
        if isPerfectSquare elem && isPerfectCube elem then
            Some(elem, intFunction sqrt elem, intFunction cubeRoot elem)
        else None
    match List.tryPick testElement list1 with
    | Some (n, sqrt, cuberoot) ->
        printfn "Found an element %d with square root %d and cube root %d." n sqrt cuberoot
    | None ->
        printfn "Did not find an element that is both a perfect square and a perfect cube."

findPerfectSquareAndCube [ 1 .. 10 ]
findPerfectSquareAndCube [ 2 .. 100 ]
findPerfectSquareAndCube [ 100 .. 1000 ]
findPerfectSquareAndCube [ 1000 .. 10000 ]
findPerfectSquareAndCube [ 2 .. 50 ]

Output

Found an element 1 with square root 1 and cube root 1.
Found an element 64 with square root 8 and cube root 4.
Found an element 729 with square root 27 and cube root 9.
Found an element 4096 with square root 64 and cube root 16.
Did not find an element that is both a perfect square and a perfect cube.

Platforms

Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Server 2012, Windows Server 2008 R2

Version Information

F# Core Library Versions

Supported in: 2.0, 4.0, Portable

See Also

Collections.List Module (F#)

Microsoft.FSharp.Collections Namespace (F#)

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