sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators (Transact-SQL)
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sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators (Transact-SQL)


Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview

Returns a virtual table for the objects that are producing the most versions in the version store. sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators returns the top 256 aggregated record lengths that are grouped by the database_id and rowset_id. sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators retrieves data by querying the dm_tran_version_store virtual table. sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators is an inefficient view to run because this view queries the version store, and the version store can be very large. We recommend that you use this function to find the largest consumers of the version store.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), SQL Database V12, Azure SQL Data Warehouse Public Preview.


To call this from SQL Data Warehouse, use the name sys.dm_pdw_nodes_tran_top_version_generators.


Column name

Data type




Database ID.



Rowset ID.



Sum of the record lengths for each database_id and rowset_id pair in the version store.

On SQL Server requires VIEW SERVER STATE permission on the server.

On SQL Database Premium Tiers requires the VIEW DATABASE STATE permission in the database. On SQL Database Standard and Basic Tiers requires the SQL Database admin account.

Because sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators might have to read many pages as it scans the entire version store, running sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators can interfere with system performance.

The following example uses a test scenario in which four concurrent transactions, each identified by a transaction sequence number (XSN), are running in a database that has the ALLOW_SNAPSHOT_ISOLATION and READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT options set to ON. The following transactions are running:

  • XSN-57 is an update operation under serializable isolation.

  • XSN-58 is the same as XSN-57.

  • XSN-59 is a select operation under snapshot isolation.

  • XSN-60 is the same as XSN-59.

The following query is executed.

  FROM sys.dm_tran_top_version_generators;

Here is the result set.

database_id rowset_id            aggregated_record_length_in_bytes
----------- -------------------- ---------------------------------
9           72057594038321152    87
9           72057594038386688    33

The output shows that all versions are created by database_id 9 and that the versions generate from two tables.

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