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Upgrade method of the Win32_Product class

The Upgrade WMI class method upgrades the associated Win32_Product instance using the upgrade package provided through the PackageLocation parameter and any supplied command line options.

Note  For more information about support or requirements for installation on a specific operating system, see Operating System Availability of WMI Components.

This topic uses Managed Object Format (MOF) syntax. For more information about using this method, see Calling a Method.


uint32 Upgrade(
  [in] string PackageLocation,
  [in] string Options


PackageLocation [in]

Path to the Windows Installer upgrade package, relative to the computer on which the software is being installed. The path can be referenced using UNC paths or mapped network drives.

Options [in]

Command-line options required for installing the software. If no options are required, this parameter should be left blank. Format as property=setting.

Return value

Return codeDescription

Successful completion


RPC Server Fault Error



As new versions of a software package are released, you might need to upgrade existing copies of that software. These upgrades can be carried out using the Win32_Product Upgrade method. The Upgrade method works only under the following conditions:

  • It is used only with a software upgrade package.

    Upgrade packages are .msi files specifically designed to upgrade a previous version of the software. If you attempt to use a standard Windows Installer package with the Upgrade method, you will receive an error message

    1636: Copy This patch package could not be opened. Contact the application vendor to verify that this is a valid Windows Installer patch package.
  • A previous version of the product is already installed.

    The Upgrade method will fail if a previous version of the software is not found. For example, to upgrade a computer from version 1 to version 2 of an application, version 1 must first be installed on that computer. If it is not, the upgrade will fail, and version 2 will not be installed.

If you are upgrading software on a remote computer and the Installer file is located on a third computer, you need to reference the UNC path to the file and use delegation to allow the computer being upgraded to connect over the network and retrieve that file.


The following VBS example upgrades an application called Personnel Database on a computer.

strComputer = "."
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:" _
 & "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" & strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
Set colSoftware = objWMIService.ExecQuery _
 ("SELECT * FROM Win32__Product WHERE Name = 'Personnel Database'")
For Each objSoftware in colSoftware
 errReturn = objSoftware.Upgrade("c:\scripts\database2.msi")


Minimum supported client

Windows XP

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003







See also

Installed Applications Classes
WMI Tasks: Computer Software



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