Usando recibos para verificar compras de produtos
Idioma: HTML | XAML

Usando recibos para verificar compras de produto (HTML)

[ Este artigo destina-se aos desenvolvedores do Windows 8.x e do Windows Phone 8.x que escrevem aplicativos do Windows Runtime. Se você estiver desenvolvendo para o Windows 10, consulte documentação mais recente]

Cada transação da Windows Store que resulta em uma compra do produto bem-sucedida, opcionalmente, pode retornar um recibo de transação. Esses recibos fornecem informações sobre o produto listado e o custo monetário ao cliente.

Ter acesso a essas informações dá suporte a cenários nos quais seu aplicativo precisa confirmar que um usuário adquiriu seu aplicativo ou fez compras de produto no aplicativo da Windows Store. Por exemplo, imagine um jogo que oferece conteúdo para download. Se o usuário que comprou o conteúdo do jogo desejar jogar em outro dispositivo, será necessário verificar se ele de fato comprou o conteúdo. Veja aqui como fazer isso.

Solicitando um recibo

O namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Store oferece duas maneiras de obter um recibo: usando o método CurrentApp.RequestProductPurchaseAsync | requestProductPurchaseAsync ou CurrentApp.RequestAppPurchaseAsync | requestAppPurchaseAsync e o parâmetro includeReceipt ou chamando o método CurrentApp.GetAppReceiptAsync | getAppReceiptAsync. Um recibo de aplicativo tem a seguinte aparência:


<Receipt Version="1.0" ReceiptDate="2012-08-30T23:10:05Z" CertificateId="b809e47cd0110a4db043b3f73e83acd917fe1336" ReceiptDeviceId="4e362949-acc3-fe3a-e71b-89893eb4f528">
	<AppReceipt Id="8ffa256d-eca8-712a-7cf8-cbf5522df24b" AppId="55428GreenlakeApps.CurrentAppSimulatorEventTest_z7q3q7z11crfr" PurchaseDate="2012-06-04T23:07:24Z" LicenseType="Full" />
	<ProductReceipt Id="6bbf4366-6fb2-8be8-7947-92fd5f683530" ProductId="Product1" PurchaseDate="2012-08-30T23:08:52Z" ExpirationDate="2012-09-02T23:08:49Z" ProductType="Durable" AppId="55428GreenlakeApps.CurrentAppSimulatorEventTest_z7q3q7z11crfr" />
	<Signature xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
		<SignedInfo>
			<CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#" />
			<SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmldsig-more#rsa-sha256" />
			<Reference URI="">
				<Transforms>
					<Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature" />
				</Transforms>
				<DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#sha256" />
				<DigestValue>cdiU06eD8X/w1aGCHeaGCG9w/kWZ8I099rw4mmPpvdU=</DigestValue>
			</Reference>
		</SignedInfo>
		<SignatureValue>SjRIxS/2r2P6ZdgaR9bwUSa6ZItYYFpKLJZrnAa3zkMylbiWjh9oZGGng2p6/gtBHC2dSTZlLbqnysJjl7mQp/A3wKaIkzjyRXv3kxoVaSV0pkqiPt04cIfFTP0JZkE5QD/vYxiWjeyGp1dThEM2RV811sRWvmEs/hHhVxb32e8xCLtpALYx3a9lW51zRJJN0eNdPAvNoiCJlnogAoTToUQLHs72I1dECnSbeNPXiG7klpy5boKKMCZfnVXXkneWvVFtAA1h2sB7ll40LEHO4oYN6VzD+uKd76QOgGmsu9iGVyRvvmMtahvtL1/pxoxsTRedhKq6zrzCfT8qfh3C1w==</SignatureValue>
	</Signature>
</Receipt>

Um recibo de produto tem a seguinte aparência:


<Receipt Version="1.0" ReceiptDate="2012-08-30T23:08:52Z" CertificateId="b809e47cd0110a4db043b3f73e83acd917fe1336" ReceiptDeviceId="4e362949-acc3-fe3a-e71b-89893eb4f528">
	<ProductReceipt Id="6bbf4366-6fb2-8be8-7947-92fd5f683530" ProductId="Product1" PurchaseDate="2012-08-30T23:08:52Z" ExpirationDate="2012-09-02T23:08:49Z" ProductType="Durable" AppId="55428GreenlakeApps.CurrentAppSimulatorEventTest_z7q3q7z11crfr" />
	<Signature xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#">
		<SignedInfo>
			<CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#" />
			<SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmldsig-more#rsa-sha256" />
			<Reference URI="">
				<Transforms>
					<Transform Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature" />
				</Transforms>
				<DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#sha256" />
				<DigestValue>Uvi8jkTYd3HtpMmAMpOm94fLeqmcQ2KCrV1XmSuY1xI=</DigestValue>
			</Reference>
		</SignedInfo>
		<SignatureValue>TT5fDET1X9nBk9/yKEJAjVASKjall3gw8u9N5Uizx4/Le9RtJtv+E9XSMjrOXK/TDicidIPLBjTbcZylYZdGPkMvAIc3/1mdLMZYJc+EXG9IsE9L74LmJ0OqGH5WjGK/UexAXxVBWDtBbDI2JLOaBevYsyy+4hLOcTXDSUA4tXwPa2Bi+BRoUTdYE2mFW7ytOJNEs3jTiHrCK6JRvTyU9lGkNDMNx9loIr+mRks+BSf70KxPtE9XCpCvXyWa/Q1JaIyZI7llCH45Dn4SKFn6L/JBw8G8xSTrZ3sBYBKOnUDbSCfc8ucQX97EyivSPURvTyImmjpsXDm2LBaEgAMADg==</SignatureValue>
	</Signature>
</Receipt>

Você pode usar qualquer um desses exemplos de recibo para testar seu código de validação.

Validando um recibo

Depois que você obter o recibo, precisará que seu sistema back-end (um serviço Web ou algo semelhante) o valide. Veja a seguir um exemplo do processo de validação do .NET Framework.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.Xml;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;
using System.Net;

namespace ReceiptVerificationSample
{
        public sealed class RSAPKCS1SHA256SignatureDescription : SignatureDescription
        {
            public RSAPKCS1SHA256SignatureDescription()
            {
                base.KeyAlgorithm = typeof(RSACryptoServiceProvider).FullName;
                base.DigestAlgorithm = typeof(SHA256Managed).FullName;
                base.FormatterAlgorithm = typeof(RSAPKCS1SignatureFormatter).FullName;
                base.DeformatterAlgorithm = typeof(RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter).FullName;
            }

            public override AsymmetricSignatureDeformatter CreateDeformatter(AsymmetricAlgorithm key)
            {
                if (key == null)
                {
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("key");
                }

                RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter deformatter = new RSAPKCS1SignatureDeformatter(key);
                deformatter.SetHashAlgorithm("SHA256");
                return deformatter;
            }

            public override AsymmetricSignatureFormatter CreateFormatter(AsymmetricAlgorithm key)
            {
                if (key == null)
                {
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("key");
                }

                RSAPKCS1SignatureFormatter formatter = new RSAPKCS1SignatureFormatter(key);
                formatter.SetHashAlgorithm("SHA256");
                return formatter;
            }

        }

        class Program
        {

            // Utility function to read the bytes from an HTTP response
            private static int ReadResponseBytes(byte[] responseBuffer, Stream resStream)
            {
                int count = 0;

                int numBytesRead = 0;
                int numBytesToRead = responseBuffer.Length;

                do
                {
                    count = resStream.Read(responseBuffer, numBytesRead, numBytesToRead);

                    numBytesRead += count;
                    numBytesToRead -= count;

                } while (count > 0);

                return numBytesRead;
            }

            public static X509Certificate2 RetrieveCertificate(string certificateId)
            {
                const int MaxCertificateSize = 10000;

                // We are attempting to retrieve the following url. The getAppReceiptAsync website at 
                // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/apps/windows.applicationmodel.store.currentapp.getappreceiptasync.aspx
                // lists the following format for the certificate url.
                String certificateUrl = String.Format("https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=246509&cid={0}", certificateId);

                // Make an HTTP GET request for the certificate
                HttpWebRequest request = (HttpWebRequest)HttpWebRequest.Create(certificateUrl);
                request.Method = "GET";

                HttpWebResponse response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();

                // Retrieve the certificate out of the response stream
                byte[] responseBuffer = new byte[MaxCertificateSize];
                Stream resStream = response.GetResponseStream();
                int bytesRead = ReadResponseBytes(responseBuffer, resStream);

                if (bytesRead < 1)
                {
                    //TODO: Handle error here
                }

                return new X509Certificate2(responseBuffer);
            }

            static bool ValidateXml(XmlDocument receipt, X509Certificate2 certificate)
            {
                // Create the signed XML object.
                SignedXml sxml = new SignedXml(receipt);

                // Get the XML Signature node and load it into the signed XML object.
                XmlNode dsig = receipt.GetElementsByTagName("Signature", SignedXml.XmlDsigNamespaceUrl)[0];
                if (dsig == null)
                {
                    // If signature is not found return false
                    System.Console.WriteLine("Signature not found.");
                    return false;
                }

                sxml.LoadXml((XmlElement)dsig);

                // Check the signature
                bool isValid = sxml.CheckSignature(certificate, true);

                return isValid;
            }

            static void Main(string[] args)
            {
                // .NET does not support SHA256-RSA2048 signature verification by default, so register this algorithm for verification
                CryptoConfig.AddAlgorithm(typeof(RSAPKCS1SHA256SignatureDescription), "http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmldsig-more#rsa-sha256");

                // Load the receipt that needs to be verified as an XML document
                XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
                xmlDoc.Load("..\\..\\receipt.xml");

                // The certificateId attribute is present in the document root, retrieve it
                XmlNode node = xmlDoc.DocumentElement;
                string certificateId = node.Attributes["CertificateId"].Value;

                // Retrieve the certificate from the official site.
                // NOTE: For sake of performance, you would want to cache this certificate locally.
                //       Otherwise, every single call will incur the delay of certificate retrieval.
                X509Certificate2 verificationCertificate = RetrieveCertificate(certificateId);

                try
                {
                    // Validate the receipt with the certificate retrieved earlier
                    bool isValid = ValidateXml(xmlDoc, verificationCertificate);
                    System.Console.WriteLine("Certificate valid: " + isValid);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    System.Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
                }
            }
        }
}

 

 

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