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Enumeração PerformanceCounterType

 

Especifica a fórmula usada para calcular o método NextValue para uma instância PerformanceCounter.

Namespace:   System.Diagnostics
Assembly:  System (em System.dll)

public enum PerformanceCounterType

Nome do membroDescrição
AverageBase

Um contador base usado no cálculo das médias de hora ou contagem, como AverageTimer32 e AverageCount64. Armazena o denominador para calcular um contador para apresentar "tempo por operação" ou "contagem por operação".

AverageCount64

Um contador de média que mostra quantos itens são processados, em média, durante uma operação. Contadores desse tipo exibem um índice de itens processados para o número de operações concluídas. O índice é calculado ao comparar o número de itens processados durante o último intervalo para o número de operações concluídas durante o último intervalo.

AverageTimer32

Um contador de média que mede o tempo necessário, em média, para concluir um processo ou operação. Contadores desse tipo exibem um índice do tempo total decorrido do intervalo de amostragem para o número de processos ou operações concluídas durante esse período. Esse tipo de contador mede o tempo em tiques do relógio do sistema.

CounterDelta32

Um contador de diferença que mostra a alteração no atributo medido entre os dois intervalos de amostragem mais recentes.

CounterDelta64

Um contador de diferença que mostra a alteração no atributo medido entre os dois intervalos de amostragem mais recentes. É o mesmo que o tipo de contador CounterDelta32, exceto que ele usa campos maiores para acomodar valores maiores.

CounterMultiBase

Um contador base que indica o número de itens da amostra. Ele é usado como o denominador nos cálculos para obter uma média entre os itens da amostra ao obter intervalos de vários itens, mas semelhantes. Usado com CounterMultiTimer, CounterMultiTimerInverse, CounterMultiTimer100Ns e CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse.

CounterMultiTimer

Um contador de percentual que exibe o tempo de atividade de um ou mais componentes como um percentual do tempo total do intervalo de amostragem. Como o numerador registra o tempo de atividade de componentes operacionais ao mesmo tempo, o percentual resultante pode exceder 100 por cento.

CounterMultiTimer100Ns

Um contador de percentual que mostra o tempo de atividade de um ou mais componentes como um percentual do tempo total do intervalo de amostragem. Ele mede o tempo em unidades de 100 nanossegundos (ns).

CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse

Um contador de percentual que mostra o tempo de atividade de um ou mais componentes como um percentual do tempo total do intervalo de amostragem. Contadores desse tipo medem o tempo em unidades de 100 nanossegundos (ns). Eles derivam o tempo de atividade ao medir o tempo que os componentes não estavam ativos e subtrair o resultado de multiplicar 100% pelo número de objetos monitorados.

CounterMultiTimerInverse

Um contador de percentual que mostra o tempo de atividade de um ou mais componentes como um percentual do tempo total do intervalo de amostragem. Ele deriva o tempo de atividade ao medir o tempo que os componentes não estavam ativos e subtrair o resultado de 100% pelo número de objetos monitorados.

CounterTimer

Um contador de percentual que mostra o tempo médio que um componente está ativo como um percentual do tempo de amostragem total.

CounterTimerInverse

Um contador de percentual que exibe o percentual médio do tempo de atividade observado durante o intervalo de amostragem. O valor desses contadores é calculado pelo monitoramento do percentual de tempo que o serviço está inativo e pela subtração desse valor de 100%.

CountPerTimeInterval32

Um contador de média projetado para monitorar a duração média de uma fila para um recurso ao longo do tempo. Ele mostra a diferença entre os tamanhos de fila observados durante os últimos dois intervalos de amostragem divididos pela duração do intervalo. Esse tipo de contador é normalmente usado para controlar o número de itens que estão na fila ou em espera.

CountPerTimeInterval64

Um contador de média que monitora a duração média de uma fila para um recurso ao longo do tempo. Contadores desse tipo mostram a diferença entre os tamanhos de fila observados durante os últimos dois intervalos de amostragem divididos pela duração do intervalo. Esse tipo de contador é o mesmo que CountPerTimeInterval32, exceto que ele usa campos maiores para acomodar valores maiores. Esse tipo de contador é normalmente usado para controlar um número de itens de alto volume ou muito grande que estão na fila ou em espera.

ElapsedTime

Um temporizador de diferença que mostra o total de tempo entre quando o componente ou o processo é iniciado e a hora em que esse valor é calculado.

NumberOfItems32

Um contador instantâneo que mostra o valor observado mais recentemente. Usado, por exemplo, para manter uma simples contagem de itens ou operações.

NumberOfItems64

Um contador instantâneo que mostra o valor observado mais recentemente. Usado, por exemplo, para manter uma simples contagem de números muito grandes de itens ou operações. É o mesmo que NumberOfItems32, exceto que ele usa campos maiores para acomodar valores maiores.

NumberOfItemsHEX32

Um contador instantâneo que mostra o valor observado mais recentemente no formato hexadecimal. Usado, por exemplo, para manter uma simples contagem de itens ou operações.

NumberOfItemsHEX64

Um contador instantâneo que mostra o valor observado mais recentemente. Usado, por exemplo, para manter uma simples contagem de números muito grandes de itens ou operações. É o mesmo que NumberOfItemsHEX32, exceto que ele usa campos maiores para acomodar valores maiores.

RateOfCountsPerSecond32

Um contador de diferença que mostra o número médio de operações concluídas durante cada segundo do intervalo de amostragem. Contadores desse tipo medem o tempo em tiques do relógio do sistema.

RateOfCountsPerSecond64

Um contador de diferença que mostra o número médio de operações concluídas durante cada segundo do intervalo de amostragem. Contadores desse tipo medem o tempo em tiques do relógio do sistema. Esse tipo de contador é igual ao tipo RateOfCountsPerSecond32, mas usa campos maiores para acomodar valores maiores para acompanhar um número de alto volume de itens ou operações por segundo, como uma taxa de transmissão de bytes.

RawBase

Um contador base que armazena o denominador de um contador que apresenta uma fração aritmética geral. Verifique se esse valor é maior que zero antes de usá-lo como o denominador em um cálculo do valor RawFraction.

RawFraction

Um contador de percentual instantâneo que mostra a proporção entre um subconjunto a seu conjunto como um percentual. Por exemplo, ele compara o número de bytes em uso em um disco ao número total de bytes no disco. Contadores desse tipo exibem o percentual atual apenas, não uma média ao longo do tempo.

SampleBase

Um contador base que armazena o número de interrupções da amostragem obtidas e é usado como um denominador na fração de amostragem. A fração de amostragem é o número de amostras que eram 1 (ou true) para uma interrupção de amostragem. Verifique se esse valor é maior que zero antes de usá-lo como o denominador em um cálculo de SampleFraction.

SampleCounter

Um contador de média que mostra o número médio de operações concluídas em um segundo. Quando um contador desse tipo faz amostras de dados, cada interrupção da amostragem retorna um ou zero. Os dados do contador são o número dos que foram amostrados. Ele mede o tempo, em unidades de tiques do timer de desempenho do sistema.

SampleFraction

Um contador de percentual que mostra o índice médio de visitas a todas as operações durante os últimos dois intervalos de amostragem.

Timer100Ns

Um contador de percentual que mostra o tempo de atividade de um componente como um percentual do tempo total decorrido do intervalo de amostragem. Ele mede o tempo, em unidades de 100 nanossegundos (ns). Contadores desse tipo são projetados para medir a atividade de um componente por vez.

Timer100NsInverse

Um contador de percentual que mostra o percentual médio de tempo de atividade observado durante o intervalo de amostragem.

Some counter types represent raw data, while others represent calculated values that are based on one or more counter samples. The following categories classify the types of counters available.

  • Average: measure a value over time and display the average of the last two measurements. Associated with each average counter is a base counter that tracks the number of samples involved.

  • Difference: subtract the last measurement from the previous one and display the difference, if it is positive; if negative, they display a zero.

  • Instantaneous: display the most recent measurement.

  • Percentage: display calculated values as a percentage.

  • Rate: sample an increasing count of events over time and divide the change in count values by the change in time to display a rate of activity.

When sampling performance counter data, using a counter type that represents an average can make raw data values meaningful for your use. For example, the raw data counter NumberOfItems64 can expose data that is fairly random from sample to sample. The formula for an average calculation of the values that the counter returns would be (X 0 +X 1 +…+X n)/n, where each X i is a raw counter sample.

Rate counters are similar to average counters, but more useful for situations in which the rate increases as a resource is used. A formula that quickly calculates the average is ((X n -X 0)/(T n -T 0)) / frequency, where each X i is a counter sample and each T i is the time that the corresponding sample was taken. The result is the average usage per second.

System_CAPS_noteObservação

Unless otherwise indicated, the time base is seconds.

When instrumenting applications (creating and writing custom performance counters), you might be working with performance counter types that rely on an accompanying base counter that is used in the calculations. The base counter must be immediately after its associated counter in the T:System.Diagnostics.CounterCreationDataCollection collection your application uses. The following table lists the base counter types with their corresponding performance counter types.

Base counter type

Performance counter types

AverageBase

AverageTimer32

AverageCount64

CounterMultiBase

CounterMultiTimer

CounterMultiTimerInverse

CounterMultiTimer100Ns

CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse

RawBase

RawFraction

SampleBase

SampleFraction

The following examples demonstrate several of the counter types in the T:System.Diagnostics.PerformanceCounterType enumeration.

AverageCount64


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

public class App {

    private static PerformanceCounter avgCounter64Sample;
    private static PerformanceCounter avgCounter64SampleBase;

    public static void Main()
    {

        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);

    }

    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {
        if ( !PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("AverageCounter64SampleCategory") ) 
        {

            CounterCreationDataCollection counterDataCollection = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData averageCount64 = new CounterCreationData();
            averageCount64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64;
            averageCount64.CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample";
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64);

            // Add the base counter.
            CounterCreationData averageCount64Base = new CounterCreationData();
            averageCount64Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase;
            averageCount64Base.CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase";
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64Base);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, counterDataCollection);

            return(true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory");
            return(false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.

        avgCounter64Sample = new PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", 
            "AverageCounter64Sample", 
            false);


        avgCounter64SampleBase = new PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", 
            "AverageCounter64SampleBase", 
            false);

        avgCounter64Sample.RawValue=0;
        avgCounter64SampleBase.RawValue=0;
    }
    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random( DateTime.Now.Millisecond );

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) 
        {

            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

            avgCounter64Sample.IncrementBy(value);

            avgCounter64SampleBase.Increment();

            if ((j % 10) == 9) 
            {
                OutputSample(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add( avgCounter64Sample.NextSample() );
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

    }

    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i] );
            OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1] );

            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " +
                CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + 
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

        }
    }

    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    //    Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
    //        during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
    //        processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
    //        ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
    //        last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
    // Generic type - Average
    //      Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
    //        of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
    //        represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
    //        intervals. 
    //    Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
    //    Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
    {
        Single numerator = (Single)s1.RawValue - (Single)s0.RawValue;
        Single denomenator = (Single)s1.BaseValue - (Single)s0.BaseValue;
        Single counterValue = numerator / denomenator;
        return(counterValue);
    }

    // Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }
}

AverageTimer32


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

public class App
{

    private static PerformanceCounter PC;
    private static PerformanceCounter BPC;

    private const String categoryName = "AverageTimer32SampleCategory";
    private const String counterName = "AverageTimer32Sample";
    private const String baseCounterName = "AverageTimer32SampleBase";

    public static void Main()
    {
        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);
    }




    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {

        if (!PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName))
        {

            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData averageTimer32 = new CounterCreationData();
            averageTimer32.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageTimer32;
            averageTimer32.CounterName = counterName;
            CCDC.Add(averageTimer32);

            // Add the base counter.
            CounterCreationData averageTimer32Base = new CounterCreationData();
            averageTimer32Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase;
            averageTimer32Base.CounterName = baseCounterName;
            CCDC.Add(averageTimer32Base);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create(categoryName, 
                "Demonstrates usage of the AverageTimer32 performance counter type", 
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);

            Console.WriteLine("Category created - " + categoryName);

            return (true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - " + categoryName);
            return (false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.
        PC = new PerformanceCounter(categoryName,
                 counterName,
                 false);

        BPC = new PerformanceCounter(categoryName,
            baseCounterName,
            false);

        PC.RawValue = 0;
        BPC.RawValue = 0;
    }


    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond);

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
        {

            PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp();

            BPC.IncrementBy(10);

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(1000);

            Console.WriteLine("Next value = " + PC.NextValue().ToString());
            samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample());

        }

    }

    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i]);
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]);

            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " +
                CounterSample.Calculate((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]));

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " +
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]));

        }
    }



    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//+++++++
    // PERF_AVERAGE_TIMER
    //  Description - This counter type measures the time it takes, on 
    //     average, to complete a process or operation. Counters of this
    //     type display a ratio of the total elapsed time of the sample 
    //     interval to the number of processes or operations completed
    //     during that time. This counter type measures time in ticks 
    //     of the system clock. The F variable represents the number of
    //     ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the equation
    //     so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    //    
    //  Generic type - Average
    //    
    //  Formula - ((N1 - N0) / F) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N)
    //     represents the number of ticks counted during the last 
    //     sample interval, F represents the frequency of the ticks, 
    //     and the denominator (D) represents the number of operations
    //     completed during the last sample interval.
    //    
    //  Average - ((Nx - N0) / F) / (Dx - D0)
    //    
    //  Example - PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk sec/Transfer 
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//+++++++
    private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
    {
        Int64 n1 = s1.RawValue;
        Int64 n0 = s0.RawValue;
        ulong f = (ulong)s1.SystemFrequency;
        Int64 d1 = s1.BaseValue;
        Int64 d0 = s0.BaseValue;

        double numerator = (double)(n1 - n0);
        double denominator = (double)(d1 - d0);
        Single counterValue = (Single)((numerator / f) / denominator);
        return (counterValue);
    }

    // Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }
}

ElapsedTime


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

public class App 
{

    public static void Main()
    {	
        CollectSamples();
    }


    public static void CollectSamples()
    {
        const String categoryName = "ElapsedTimeSampleCategory";
        const String counterName = "ElapsedTimeSample";

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if ( !PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName) ) 
        {

            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData ETimeData = new CounterCreationData();
            ETimeData.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.ElapsedTime;
            ETimeData.CounterName = counterName;
            CCDC.Add(ETimeData);	   

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create(categoryName,
                    "Demonstrates ElapsedTime performance counter usage.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);
            // Return, rerun the application to make use of the new counters.
            return;

        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - {0}", categoryName);
        }        

        // Create the performance counter.
        PerformanceCounter PC = new PerformanceCounter(categoryName, 
                                                       counterName, 
                                                       false);
        // Initialize the counter.
        PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp();

        DateTime Start = DateTime.Now;

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) 
        {
            // Output the values.
            if ((j % 10) == 9) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine("NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Actual elapsed time = " + DateTime.Now.Subtract(Start).ToString());
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample());
            }

            // Reset the counter on every 20th iteration.
            if (j % 20 == 0)
            {
                PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp();
                Start = DateTime.Now;
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("Elapsed time = " + DateTime.Now.Subtract(Start).ToString());
    }


    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }
}

NumberOfItems32

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

public class NumberOfItems64
{

	private static PerformanceCounter PC;

	public static void Main()
	{	
		ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
		CollectSamples(samplesList);
		CalculateResults(samplesList);
	}

    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {		
        if ( !PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory") ) 
        {

            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData NOI64 = new CounterCreationData();
            NOI64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems64;
            NOI64.CounterName = "NumberOfItems32Sample";
            CCDC.Add(NOI64);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the NumberOfItems32 performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);

            return(true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - NumberOfItems32SampleCategory");
            return(false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counter.
        PC = new PerformanceCounter("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory", 
			"NumberOfItems32Sample", 
			false);

        PC.RawValue=0;

    }

	private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
	{



		Random r = new Random( DateTime.Now.Millisecond );

		// Loop for the samples.
		for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) 
		{

			int value = r.Next(1, 10);
			Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

			PC.IncrementBy(value);

			if ((j % 10) == 9) 
			{
				OutputSample(PC.NextSample());
				samplesList.Add( PC.NextSample() );
			}
			else
				Console.WriteLine();

			System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
		}


	}


    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i] );
            OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1] );

			// Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + 
                CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

			// Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + 
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

        }
    }


	//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
	//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
	private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
	{
		Single counterValue = s1.RawValue;
		return(counterValue);
	}

	// Output information about the counter sample.
	private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
	{
		Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
		Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
		Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
		Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
		Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
		Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
		Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
		Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
	}



}

NumberOfItems64

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

public class NumberOfItems64
{

	private static PerformanceCounter PC;

	public static void Main()
	{	
		ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Perfomance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
		CreateCounters();
		CollectSamples(samplesList);
		CalculateResults(samplesList);
	}

	private static bool SetupCategory()
	{		
		if ( !PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory") ) 
		{

			CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

			// Add the counter.
			CounterCreationData NOI64 = new CounterCreationData();
			NOI64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems64;
			NOI64.CounterName = "NumberOfItems64Sample";
			CCDC.Add(NOI64);

			// Create the category.
			PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the NumberOfItems64 performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);
			return(true);
		}
		else
		{
			Console.WriteLine("Category exists - NumberOfItems64SampleCategory");
			return(false);
		}
	}

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.
        PC = new PerformanceCounter("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory", 
            "NumberOfItems64Sample", 
            false);

        PC.RawValue=0;

    }

    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random( DateTime.Now.Millisecond );

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) 
        {

            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

            PC.IncrementBy(value);

            if ((j % 10) == 9) 
            {
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add( PC.NextSample() );
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

    }

	private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
	{
		for(int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
		{
			// Output the sample.
			OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i] );
			OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1] );

            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
			Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + 
				CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
				(CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
			Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + 
				MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
				(CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

		}
	}


	//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
	//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
	private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
	{
		Single counterValue = s1.RawValue;
		return(counterValue);
	}

	// Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
	{
		Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
		Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
		Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
		Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
		Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
		Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
		Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
		Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
	}

}

SampleFraction

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

// Provides a SampleFraction counter to measure the percentage of the user processor 
// time for this process to total processor time for the process.
public class App
{

    private static PerformanceCounter perfCounter;
    private static PerformanceCounter basePerfCounter;
    private static Process thisProcess = Process.GetCurrentProcess();

    public static void Main()
    {

        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);

    }


    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {
        if (!PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("SampleFractionCategory"))
        {

            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData sampleFraction = new CounterCreationData();
            sampleFraction.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.SampleFraction;
            sampleFraction.CounterName = "SampleFractionSample";
            CCDC.Add(sampleFraction);

            // Add the base counter.
            CounterCreationData sampleFractionBase = new CounterCreationData();
            sampleFractionBase.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.SampleBase;
            sampleFractionBase.CounterName = "SampleFractionSampleBase";
            CCDC.Add(sampleFractionBase);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("SampleFractionCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the SampleFraction performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);

            return (true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - SampleFractionCategory");
            return (false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.

        perfCounter = new PerformanceCounter("SampleFractionCategory",
            "SampleFractionSample",
            false);


        basePerfCounter = new PerformanceCounter("SampleFractionCategory",
            "SampleFractionSampleBase",
            false);


        perfCounter.RawValue = thisProcess.UserProcessorTime.Ticks;
        basePerfCounter.RawValue = thisProcess.TotalProcessorTime.Ticks;
    }
    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {


        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++)
        {

            perfCounter.IncrementBy(thisProcess.UserProcessorTime.Ticks);

            basePerfCounter.IncrementBy(thisProcess.TotalProcessorTime.Ticks);

            if ((j % 10) == 9)
            {
                OutputSample(perfCounter.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add(perfCounter.NextSample());
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

    }

    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i]);
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]);

            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " +
                CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]));

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " +
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]));

        }
    }


    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    // Description - This counter type provides A percentage counter that shows the 
    // average ratio of user proccessor time to total processor time  during the last 
    // two sample intervals.
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
    {
        Single numerator = (Single)s1.RawValue - (Single)s0.RawValue;
        Single denomenator = (Single)s1.BaseValue - (Single)s0.BaseValue;
        Single counterValue = 100 * (numerator / denomenator);
        return (counterValue);
    }

    // Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }
}

RateOfCountsPerSecond32

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

public class App 
{
    private static PerformanceCounter PC;

	public static void Main()
	{	
		ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Perfomance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
		CollectSamples(samplesList);
		CalculateResults(samplesList);
	}

    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {

        if ( !PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory") ) 
        {


            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData rateOfCounts32 = new CounterCreationData();
            rateOfCounts32.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond32;
            rateOfCounts32.CounterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond32Sample";
            CCDC.Add(rateOfCounts32);

             // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory", 
                "Demonstrates usage of the RateOfCountsPerSecond32 performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC); 
              return(true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory");
            return(false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counter.
        PC = new PerformanceCounter("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory", 
            "RateOfCountsPerSecond32Sample", 
            false);

        PC.RawValue=0;

    }

    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random( DateTime.Now.Millisecond );

        // Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample();

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) 
        {

            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            PC.IncrementBy(value);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

            if ((j % 10) == 9) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString());
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add( PC.NextSample() );
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }
    }

	private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
	{
		for(int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
		{
			// Output the sample.
			OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i] );
			OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1] );


            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
			Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + 
				CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
				(CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + 
				MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
				(CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );


		}
	}


	//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
	//	PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
	//	Description	 - This counter type shows the average number of operations completed
	//		during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type
	//		measure time in ticks of the system clock. The F variable represents
	//		the number of ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the
	//		equation so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
	//
    //	Generic type - Difference
	//
	//	Formula - (N1 - N0) / ( (D1 - D0) / F), where the numerator (N) represents the number
	//		of operations performed during the last sample interval, the denominator
	//		(D) represents the number of ticks elapsed during the last sample
	//		interval, and F is the frequency of the ticks.
	//
	//	     Average - (Nx - N0) / ((Dx - D0) / F) 
	//
	//       Example - System\ File Read Operations/sec 
	//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
	private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
	{
		Single numerator = (Single)(s1.RawValue - s0.RawValue);
		Single denomenator = (Single)(s1.TimeStamp - s0.TimeStamp) / (Single)s1.SystemFrequency;
		Single counterValue = numerator / denomenator;
		return(counterValue);
	}

    // Output information about the counter sample.
	private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
	{
		Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
		Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
		Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
		Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
		Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
		Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
		Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
		Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
		Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
	}

}

RateOfCountsPerSecond64

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

public class App
{
    private static PerformanceCounter PC;

    public static void Main()
    {
        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Perfomance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);
    }

    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {


        if (!PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory"))
        {


            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData rateOfCounts64 = new CounterCreationData();
            rateOfCounts64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond64;
            rateOfCounts64.CounterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample";
            CCDC.Add(rateOfCounts64);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the RateOfCountsPerSecond64 performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);
            return (true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory");
            return (false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counter.
        PC = new PerformanceCounter("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory",
            "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample",
            false);

        PC.RawValue = 0;

    }

    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond);

        // Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample();

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++)
        {

            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            PC.IncrementBy(value);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

            if ((j % 10) == 9)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString());
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample());
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

    }

    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i]);
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]);


            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " +
                CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]));

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " +
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i + 1]));


        }
    }

    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    //	PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
    //	Description	 - This counter type shows the average number of operations completed
    //		during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type
    //		measure time in ticks of the system clock. The F variable represents
    //		the number of ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the
    //		equation so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    //
    //	Generic type - Difference
    //
    //	Formula - (N1 - N0) / ( (D1 - D0) / F), where the numerator (N) represents the number
    //		of operations performed during the last sample interval, the denominator
    //		(D) represents the number of ticks elapsed during the last sample
    //		interval, and F is the frequency of the ticks.
    //
    //	Average - (Nx - N0) / ((Dx - D0) / F) 
    //
    //  Example - System\ File Read Operations/sec 
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
    {
        Single numerator = (Single)(s1.RawValue - s0.RawValue);
        Single denomenator = (Single)(s1.TimeStamp - s0.TimeStamp) / (Single)s1.SystemFrequency;
        Single counterValue = numerator / denomenator;
        return (counterValue);
    }

    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }
}

RawFraction

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;


public class App
{
    private static PerformanceCounter PC;
    private static PerformanceCounter BPC;

    public static void Main()
    {
        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);
    }

    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {


        if (!PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RawFractionSampleCategory"))
        {


            CounterCreationDataCollection CCDC = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData rf = new CounterCreationData();
            rf.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RawFraction;
            rf.CounterName = "RawFractionSample";
            CCDC.Add(rf);

            // Add the base counter.
            CounterCreationData rfBase = new CounterCreationData();
            rfBase.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RawBase;
            rfBase.CounterName = "RawFractionSampleBase";
            CCDC.Add(rfBase);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RawFractionSampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the RawFraction performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC);

            return (true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RawFractionSampleCategory");
            return (false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.
        PC = new PerformanceCounter("RawFractionSampleCategory",
            "RawFractionSample",
            false);

        BPC = new PerformanceCounter("RawFractionSampleCategory",
            "RawFractionSampleBase",
            false);

        PC.RawValue = 0;
        BPC.RawValue = 0;
    }

    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond);

        // Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample();

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++)
        {
            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

            // Increment the base every time, because the counter measures the number 
            // of high hits (raw fraction value) against all the hits (base value).
            BPC.Increment();

            // Get the % of samples that are 9 or 10 out of all the samples taken.
            if (value >= 9)
                PC.Increment();

            // Copy out the next value every ten times around the loop.
            if ((j % 10) == 9)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString());
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample());
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

    }


    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < samplesList.Count; i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList[i]);

            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " +
                CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i]));

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " +
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i]));

        }
    }

    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    // Formula from MSDN -
    //      Description - This counter type shows the ratio of a subset to its set as a percentage.
    //			For example, it compares the number of bytes in use on a disk to the
    //			total number of bytes on the disk. Counters of this type display the 
    //			current percentage only, not an average over time.
    //
    // Generic type - Instantaneous, Percentage 
    //	    Formula - (N0 / D0), where D represents a measured attribute and N represents one
    //			component of that attribute.
    //
    //		Average - SUM (N / D) /x 
    //		Example - Paging File\% Usage Peak
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample rfSample)
    {
        Single numerator = (Single)rfSample.RawValue;
        Single denomenator = (Single)rfSample.BaseValue;
        Single counterValue = (numerator / denomenator) * 100;
        return (counterValue);
    }

    // Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }



}

.NET Framework
Disponível desde 1.1
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