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Como: Usar verificar de ortografia com um Context Menu

By default, when you enable spell checking in an editing control like TextBox or RichTextBox, you get spell-checking choices in the context menu. For example, when users right-click a misspelled word, they get a set of spelling suggestions or the option to Ignore All. However, when you override the default context menu with your own custom context menu, this functionality is lost, and you need to write code to reenable the spell-checking feature in the context menu. The following example shows how to enable this on a TextBox.

A exemplo a seguir mostra a Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) que cria uma TextBox com alguns eventos que são usados para implementar o menu de contexto.


<Page x:Class="SDKSample.SpellerCustomContextMenu"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    Loaded="OnWindowLoaded">

  <TextBox
    Name="myTextBox" 
    TextWrapping="Wrap"
    SpellCheck.IsEnabled="True"
    ContextMenuOpening="tb_ContextMenuOpening">
    In a custum menu you need to write code to add speler choices
    because everything in a custom context menu has to be added explicitly.
  </TextBox>

</Page>


The following example shows the code that implements the context menu.


using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;
using System.Windows.Documents;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;

namespace SDKSample
{
    public partial class SpellerCustomContextMenu : Page
    {

        void OnWindowLoaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            //This is required for the first time ContextMenu invocation so that TextEditor doesnt handle it.
            myTextBox.ContextMenu = GetContextMenu();
        }
        void tb_ContextMenuOpening(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            int caretIndex, cmdIndex;
            SpellingError spellingError;

            myTextBox.ContextMenu = GetContextMenu();
            caretIndex = myTextBox.CaretIndex;

            cmdIndex = 0;
            spellingError = myTextBox.GetSpellingError(caretIndex);
            if (spellingError != null)
            {
                foreach (string str in spellingError.Suggestions)
                {
                    MenuItem mi = new MenuItem();
                    mi.Header = str;
                    mi.FontWeight = FontWeights.Bold;
                    mi.Command = EditingCommands.CorrectSpellingError;
                    mi.CommandParameter = str;
                    mi.CommandTarget = myTextBox;
                    myTextBox.ContextMenu.Items.Insert(cmdIndex, mi);
                    cmdIndex++;
                }
                Separator separatorMenuItem1 = new Separator();
                myTextBox.ContextMenu.Items.Insert(cmdIndex, separatorMenuItem1);
                cmdIndex++;
                MenuItem ignoreAllMI = new MenuItem();
                ignoreAllMI.Header = "Ignore All";
                ignoreAllMI.Command = EditingCommands.IgnoreSpellingError;
                ignoreAllMI.CommandTarget = myTextBox;
                myTextBox.ContextMenu.Items.Insert(cmdIndex, ignoreAllMI);
                cmdIndex++;
                Separator separatorMenuItem2 = new Separator();
                myTextBox.ContextMenu.Items.Insert(cmdIndex, separatorMenuItem2);
            }
        }

        // Gets a fresh context menu. 
        private ContextMenu GetContextMenu()
        {
            ContextMenu cm = new ContextMenu();

            //Can create STATIC custom menu items if exists here...
            MenuItem m1, m2, m3, m4;
            m1 = new MenuItem();
            m1.Header = "File";
            m2 = new MenuItem();
            m2.Header = "Save";
            m3 = new MenuItem();
            m3.Header = "SaveAs";
            m4 = new MenuItem();
            m4.Header = "Recent Files";

            //Can add functionality for the custom menu items here...

            cm.Items.Add(m1);
            cm.Items.Add(m2);
            cm.Items.Add(m3);
            cm.Items.Add(m4);

            return cm;
        }

    }
}


The code used for doing this with a RichTextBox is similar. The main difference is in the parameter passed to the GetSpellingError method. For a TextBox, pass the integer index of the caret position:

spellingError = myTextBox.GetSpellingError(caretIndex);

For a RichTextBox, pass the TextPointer that specifies the caret position:

spellingError = myRichTextBox.GetSpellingError(myRichTextBox.CaretPosition);

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