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Invoke-WSManAction

JuanPablo Jofre|Last Updated: 11/17/2016
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2 Contributors

SYNOPSIS

Invokes an action on the object that is specified by the Resource URI and by the selectors.

SYNTAX

URI (Default)

Invoke-WSManAction [-Action] <String> [-ConnectionURI <Uri>] [-FilePath <String>] [-OptionSet <Hashtable>]
 [[-SelectorSet] <Hashtable>] [-SessionOption <SessionOption>] [-ValueSet <Hashtable>] [-ResourceURI] <Uri>
 [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Authentication <AuthenticationMechanism>] [-CertificateThumbprint <String>]
 [<CommonParameters>]

ComputerName

Invoke-WSManAction [-Action] <String> [-ApplicationName <String>] [-ComputerName <String>] [-FilePath <String>]
 [-OptionSet <Hashtable>] [-Port <Int32>] [[-SelectorSet] <Hashtable>] [-SessionOption <SessionOption>]
 [-UseSSL] [-ValueSet <Hashtable>] [-ResourceURI] <Uri> [-Credential <PSCredential>]
 [-Authentication <AuthenticationMechanism>] [-CertificateThumbprint <String>] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The Invoke-WSManAction runs an action on the object that is specified by RESOURCE_URI, where parameters are specified by key value pairs.

This cmdlet uses the WSMan connection/transport layer to run the action.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Invoke a method

PS C:\>Invoke-WSManAction -Action "StartService" -ResourceURI wmicimv2/win32_service -SelectorSet @{name="spooler"} -Authentication default
xsi         : http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance
p           : http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_Service
cim         : http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/common
lang        : en-US
ReturnValue : 0

This command calls the StartService method of the Win32_Service WMI class instance that corresponds to the Spooler service.

The return value indicates whether the action was successful. In this case, a return value of 0 indicates success. A return value of 5 indicates that the service is already started.

Example 2: Invoke a method by using input from a file

PS C:\>Invoke-WSManAction -Action "StopService" -ResourceURI wmicimv2/Win32_Service -SelectorSet @{Name="spooler"} -FilePath:input.xml -Authentication default
xsi         : http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance
p           : http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_Service
cim         : http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/common
lang        : en-US
ReturnValue : 0

This command calls the StopService method on the Spooler service by using input from a file. The file, Input.xml, contains the following content:

\<p:StopService_INPUT xmlns:p="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_Service"/\>

Example 3: Invoke a method with specified parameter values

PS C:\>Invoke-WSManAction -Action "Create" -ResourceURI wmicimv2/win32_process -ValueSet @{commandline="notepad.exe";currentdirectory="C:\"}
xsi         : http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance
p           : http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_Process
cim         : http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/common
lang        : en-US
ProcessId   : 6356
ReturnValue : 0

This command calls the Create method of the Win32_Process class. It passes the method two parameter values, Notepad.exe and C:. As a result, a new process is created to run Notepad, and the current directory of the new process is set to C:.

Example 4: Invoke a method on a remote computer

PS C:\>Invoke-WSManAction -Action "StartService" -ResourceURI wmicimv2/win32_service -SelectorSet @{name="spooler"} -ComputerName "server01" -Authentication default
xsi         : http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance

p           : http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_Service

cim         : http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/common

lang        : en-US

ReturnValue : 0

This command calls the StartService method of the Win32_Service WMI class instance that corresponds to the Spooler service. Because the ComputerName parameter is specified, the command runs against the remote server01 computer.

PARAMETERS

-Action

Specifies the method to run on the management object specified by the ResourceURI and selectors.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ApplicationName

Specifies the application name in the connection. The default value of the ApplicationName parameter is WSMAN. The complete identifier for the remote endpoint is in the following format:

<transport>://<server>:<port>/<ApplicationName>

For example: http://server01:8080/WSMAN

Internet Information Services (IIS), which hosts the session, forwards requests with this endpoint to the specified application. This default setting of WSMAN is appropriate for most uses. This parameter is designed to be used if many computers establish remote connections to one computer that is running Windows PowerShell. In this case, IIS hosts Web Services for Management (WS-Management) for efficiency.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: ComputerName
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Authentication

Specifies the authentication mechanism to be used at the server. The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • Basic. Basic is a scheme in which the user name and password are sent in clear text to the server or proxy.
  • Default. Use the authentication method implemented by the WS-Management protocol. This is the default.
  • Digest. Digest is a challenge-response scheme that uses a server-specified data string for the challenge.
  • Kerberos. The client computer and the server mutually authenticate by using Kerberos certificates.
  • Negotiate. Negotiate is a challenge-response scheme that negotiates with the server or proxy to determine the scheme to use for authentication. For example, this parameter value allows for negotiation to determine whether the Kerberos protocol or NTLM is used.
  • CredSSP. Use Credential Security Support Provider (CredSSP) authentication, which lets the user delegate credentials. This option is designed for commands that run on one remote computer but collect data from or run additional commands on other remote computers.

Caution: CredSSP delegates the user credentials from the local computer to a remote computer. This practice increases the security risk of the remote operation. If the remote computer is compromised, when credentials are passed to it, the credentials can be used to control the network session.

Type: AuthenticationMechanism
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: auth, am
Accepted values: None, Default, Digest, Negotiate, Basic, Kerberos, ClientCertificate, Credssp

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-CertificateThumbprint

Specifies the digital public key certificate (X509) of a user account that has permission to perform this action. Enter the certificate thumbprint of the certificate.

Certificates are used in client certificate-based authentication. They can be mapped only to local user accounts; they do not work with domain accounts.

To get a certificate thumbprint, use the Get-Item or Get-ChildItem command in the Windows PowerShell Cert: drive.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ComputerName

Specifies the computer against which to run the management operation. The value can be a fully qualified domain name, a NetBIOS name, or an IP address. Use the local computer name, use localhost, or use a dot (.) to specify the local computer. The local computer is the default. When the remote computer is in a different domain from the user, you must use a fully qualified domain name must be used. You can pipe a value for this parameter to the cmdlet.

Type: String
Parameter Sets: ComputerName
Aliases: cn

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ConnectionURI

Specifies the connection endpoint. The format of this string is as follows:

<Transport>://<Server>:<Port>/<ApplicationName>

The following string is a correctly formatted value for this parameter:

http://Server01:8080/WSMAN

The URI must be fully qualified.

Type: Uri
Parameter Sets: URI
Aliases: CURI, CU

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Credential

Specifies a user account that has permission to perform this action. The default is the current user. Type a user name, such as User01, Domain01\User01, or User@Domain.com. Or, enter a PSCredential object, such as one returned by the Get-Credential cmdlet. When you type a user name, this cmdlet prompts you for a password.

Type: PSCredential
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: cred, c

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-FilePath

Specifies the path of a file that is used to update a management resource. You specify the management resource by using the ResourceURI parameter and the SelectorSet parameter. For example, the following command uses the FilePath parameter:

Invoke-WSManAction -Action stopservice -ResourceUri wmicimv2/Win32_Service -SelectorSet @{Name="spooler"} -FilePath c:\input.xml -Authentication default

This command calls the StopService method on the Spooler service by using input from a file. The file, Input.xml, contains the following content:

\<p:StopService_INPUT xmlns:p="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_Service"/\>

Type: String
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-OptionSet

Specifies a set of switches to a service to modify or refine the nature of the request. These resemble switches used in command-line shells because they are service specific. Any number of options can be specified.

The following example demonstrates the syntax that passes the values 1, 2, and 3 for the a, b, and c parameters:

-OptionSet @{a=1;b=2;c=3}

Type: Hashtable
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: os

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Port

Specifies the port to use when the client connects to the WinRM service. When the transport is HTTP, the default port is 80. When the transport is HTTPS, the default port is 443.

When you use HTTPS as the transport, the value of the ComputerName parameter must match the server's certificate common name (CN). However, if the SkipCNCheck parameter is specified as part of the SessionOption parameter, the certificate common name of the server does not have to match the host name of the server. The SkipCNCheck parameter should be used only for trusted computers.

Type: Int32
Parameter Sets: ComputerName
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ResourceURI

Specifies the URI of the resource class or instance. The URI is used to identify a specific type of resource, such as disks or processes, on a computer.

A URI consists of a prefix and a path of a resource. For example:

http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/wmi/root/cimv2/Win32_LogicalDisk

http://schemas.dmtf.org/wbem/wscim/1/cim-schema/2/CIM_NumericSensor

Type: Uri
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: ruri

Required: True
Position: 0
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SelectorSet

Specifies a set of value pairs that are used to select particular management resource instances. SelectorSet is used when more than one instance of the resource exists. The value of SelectorSet must be a hash table.

The following example shows how to enter a value for this parameter:

-SelectorSet @{Name="WinRM";ID="yyy"}

Type: Hashtable
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: 2
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName, ByValue)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-SessionOption

Specifies extended options for the WS-Management session. Enter a SessionOption object that you create by using the New-WSManSessionOption cmdlet. For more information about the options that are available, type Get-Help New-WSManSessionOption.

Type: SessionOption
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: so

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-UseSSL

Specifies that the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol is used to establish a connection to the remote computer. By default, SSL is not used.

WS-Management encrypts all the Windows PowerShell content that is transmitted over the network. The UseSSL parameter lets you specify the additional protection of HTTPS instead of HTTP. If SSL is not available on the port that is used for the connection, and you specify this parameter, the command fails.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: ComputerName
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-ValueSet

Specifies a hash table that helps modify a management resource. You specify the management resource by using ResourceURI and SelectorSet. The value of the ValueSet parameter must be a hash table.

Type: Hashtable
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

INPUTS

None

This cmdlet does not accept any input.

OUTPUTS

None

This cmdlet does not generate any output.

NOTES

Connect-WSMan

Disable-WSManCredSSP

Disconnect-WSMan

Enable-WSManCredSSP

Get-WSManCredSSP

Get-WSManInstance

New-WSManInstance

New-WSManSessionOption

Remove-WSManInstance

Set-WSManInstance

Set-WSManQuickConfig

Test-WSMan

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