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Limit-EventLog

JuanPablo Jofre|Last Updated: 11/22/2016
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3 Contributors

SYNOPSIS

Sets the event log properties that limit the size of the event log and the age of its entries.

SYNTAX

Limit-EventLog [-LogName] <String[]> [-ComputerName <String[]>] [-RetentionDays <Int32>]
 [-OverflowAction <OverflowAction>] [-MaximumSize <Int64>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The Limit-EventLog cmdlet sets the maximum size of a classic event log, how long each event must be retained, and what happens when the log reaches its maximum size. You can use it to limit the event logs on local or remote computers.

The cmdlets that contain the EventLog noun (the EventLog cmdlets) work only on classic event logs. To get events from logs that use the Windows Event Log technology in Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, use Get-WinEvent.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Increase the size of an event log

PS C:\>Limit-EventLog -LogName "Windows PowerShell" -MaximumSize 20KB

This command increases the maximum size of the Windows PowerShell event log on the local computer to 20480 bytes (20 KB).

Example 2: Retain an event log for a specified duration

PS C:\>Limit-EventLog -LogName Security -ComputerName "Server01", "Server02" -RetentionDays 7

This command ensures that events in the Security log on the Server01 and Server02 computers are retained for at least 7 days.

Example 3: Change the overflow action of all event logs

PS C:\>$Logs = Get-EventLog -List | ForEach {$_.log}
PS C:\> Limit-EventLog -OverflowAction OverwriteOlder -LogName $Logs
PS C:\> Get-EventLog -List

Max(K) Retain OverflowAction     Entries  Log
------ ------ --------------     -------  ---
15,168      0 OverwriteOlder       3,412  Application
512         0 OverwriteOlder           0  DFS Replication
512         0 OverwriteOlder          17  DxStudio
10,240      7 OverwriteOlder           0  HardwareEvents
512         0 OverwriteOlder           0  Internet Explorer
512         0 OverwriteOlder           0  Key Management Service
16,384      0 OverwriteOlder           4  ODiag
16,384      0 OverwriteOlder         389  OSession Security
15,168      0 OverwriteOlder      19,360  System
15,360      0 OverwriteOlder      15,828  Windows PowerShell

This example changes the overflow action of all event logs on the local computer to OverwriteOlder.

The first command gets the log names of all of the logs on the local computer. The second command sets the overflow action. The third command displays the results.

PARAMETERS

-ComputerName

Specifies remote computers. The default is the local computer.

Type the NetBIOS name, an Internet Protocol (IP) address, or a fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of a remote computer. To specify the local computer, type the computer name, a dot (.), or localhost.

This parameter does not rely on Windows PowerShell remoting. You can use the ComputerName parameter of Limit-EventLog even if your computer is not configured to run remote commands.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: CN

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: cf

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-LogName

Specifies the event logs. Enter the log name (the value of the Log property; not the LogDisplayName) of one or more event logs, separated by commas. Wildcard characters are not permitted. This parameter is required.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: LN

Required: True
Position: 0
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-MaximumSize

Specifies the maximum size of the event logs in bytes. Enter a value between 64 kilobytes (KB) and 4 gigabytes (GB). The value must be divisible by 64 KB (65536).

This parameter specifies the value of the MaximumKilobytes property of the System.Diagnostics.EventLog object that represents a classic event log.

Type: Int64
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: 

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-OverflowAction

Specifies what happens when the event log reaches its maximum size.

The acceptable values for this parameter are:

  • DoNotOverwrite: Existing entries are retained and new entries are discarded.
  • OverwriteAsNeeded: Each new entry overwrites the oldest entry.
  • OverwriteOlder: New events overwrite events older than the value specified by the MinimumRetentionDays property. If there are no events older than specified by the MinimumRetentionDays property value, new events are discarded.

This parameter specifies the value of the OverflowAction property of the System.Diagnostics.EventLog object that represents a classic event log.

Type: OverflowAction
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: OFA
Accepted values: OverwriteOlder, OverwriteAsNeeded, DoNotOverwrite

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-RetentionDays

Specifies the minimum number of days that an event must remain in the event log.

This parameter specifies the value of the MinimumRetentionDays property of the System.Diagnostics.EventLog object that represents a classic event log.

Type: Int32
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: MRD

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: wi

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

INPUTS

None

You cannot pip input to this cmdlet.

OUTPUTS

None

This cmdlet does not generate any output.

NOTES

  • To use this cmdlet on Windows Vista and later versions of Windows, open Windows PowerShell with the Run as administrator option.

    This cmdlet changes the properties of the System.Diagnostics.EventLog object that represents a classic event log. To see the current settings of the event log properties, type Get-EventLog -List.

*

Clear-EventLog

Get-EventLog

Limit-EventLog

New-EventLog

Remove-EventLog

Show-EventLog

Write-EventLog

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