About Windows PowerShell ISE
Describes the features and system requirements of Windows PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE).
Windows PowerShell ISE is a graphical host application for Windows PowerShell. In Windows PowerShell ISE, you can run commands and write, test, and debug scripts in a single Windows-based graphical user interface. Its features include Intellisense, multiline editing, tab completion, auto-save, syntax coloring, selective execution, context-sensitive help, Show Command (compose commands in a window) and support for double-byte character sets and right-to-left languages.
Windows PowerShell ISE is an excellent tool for beginners. The Show Command window and New Remote PowerShell Tab guide you through tasks so that you can be successful on the first try. Snippets and error indicators help you learn the Windows PowerShell language as you work.
Advanced users can take advantage of the sophisticated debugging features, add-ons, and the Windows PowerShell ISE object model.
What's New in Windows PowerShell ISE in Windows PowerShell 4.0
Windows PowerShell ISE introduces two new features in Windows PowerShell 4.0.
-- Windows PowerShell ISE now supports both Windows PowerShell Workflow debugging and remote script debugging. For more Information, see about_Debuggers. -- IntelliSense support has been added for Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration providers and configurations.
Starting Windows PowerShell ISE
Windows PowerShell ISE is installed, enabled, and ready to use in all supported versions of Windows.
In Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012, on the Start screen, type PowerShell_ISE, and then click PowerShell_ISE or Windows PowerShell ISE.
In Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012, in Server Manager, on the Tools menu, click Windows PowerShell ISE.
In earlier versions of Windows, click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Windows PowerShell, and then click Windows PowerShell ISE.
In a Windows PowerShell console, Cmd.exe, or the Run or Search box in Windows, type "PowerShell_ise.exe". You can also use the command-line parameters, including the NoProfile switch. For more information, see PowerShell_ISE.exe Console Help (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=243055).
Running Interactive Commands
You can run any Windows PowerShell expression or command in Windows PowerShell ISE. You can use cmdlets, providers, snap-ins, and modules as you would use them in the Windows PowerShell console.
You can type or paste interactive commands in the Console pane. To run the commands, you can use buttons, menu items, and keyboard shortcuts.
You can use the multiline editing feature to type or paste several lines of code into the Console pane at once. When you press the UP ARROW key to recall the previous command, all the lines in the command are recalled. When you type commands, press SHIFT+ENTER to make a new blank line appear under the current line.
The results of commands and scripts are displayed in the Console pane. You can move or copy the results from the Console pane by using keyboard shortcuts or the Copy button on the toolbar, and you can paste the results in the Script pane or Console panes or other programs. To clear the Console pane, click the "Clear Output Pane" button or type one of the following commands:
Writing Scripts and Functions
In the Script pane, you can open, compose, edit, and run scripts. The Script pane lets you edit scripts by using buttons and keyboard shortcuts. You can also copy, cut, and paste text between the Script pane and the Console pane.
You can use the selective run feature to run all or part of a script. To run part of a script, select the text you want to run, and then click the Run Selection button or press F8. By default, F8 runs the current line.
Advanced editing features include brace-matching, expand-collapse, line numbers, error indicators, block editing and indenting, rich copy, and case conversion.
Windows PowerShell ISE includes help topics that describe its use. In addition, all installed help files are accessible from the Script and Command panes.
Windows PowerShell ISE also supports context-sensitive help. To get help about a particular cmdlet, provider, or keyword, place the cursor in the name of the item and press F1. To search the help topics, press F1 and type the search term.
To update the help topics on the computer, use the Update Windows PowerShell Help item in the Help menu. This item updates help for the modules in the current session in the current UI culture. It is equivalent to running the Update-Help cmdlet without parameters. To update help for the cmdlets that come with Windows PowerShell, start Windows PowerShell ISE with the "Run as administrator" option.
You can also use the Get-Help, Save-Help, and Update-Help cmdlets in Windows PowerShell ISE, just as you use it in the Windows PowerShell console. However, in Windows PowerShell ISE, the Help function displays the entire help topic, not one page at a time.
You can use the Windows PowerShell ISE debugger to debug a Windows PowerShell script or function. When you debug a script, you can use menu items and shortcut keys to perform many of the same tasks that you would perform in the Windows PowerShell console. For example, to set a line breakpoint in a script, right-click the line of code, and then click Toggle Breakpoint.
As you step through a script while debugging, the debugging highlighter shows precisely which part of the command is running and automatically opens files that include called functions and scripts.
By default, the Toggle Breakpoint menu item sets a breakpoint on an entire line in a script, but you can set a breakpoint on a variable or command name. You can also set a breakpoint on a command by line and column number, making it easier to debug long pipeline commands.
Often, you can debug syntax errors in a script just by opening the script file in Windows PowerShell ISE. The error indicators identify syntax errors and the outlining features let you collapse parts of the script to focus on trouble spots.
You can also use the Windows PowerShell debugger cmdlets in the Command pane just as you would use them in the console.
Running Remote Commands
The New Remote PowerShell Tab feature makes it easy to establish a persistent user-managed Windows PowerShell session ("PSSession") to the local computer or a remote computer. The command opens a pop-up window that prompts you for a computer name and for the user account that has permission to run commands on the remote computer.
Customizing the View
You can use Windows PowerShell ISE features to move and to resize the Console pane and the Script pane. You can show and hide either pane, and you can change the text size in all the panes.
You can also use the Options window to customize the appearance and operation of Windows PowerShell ISE. In addition, Windows PowerShell ISE has a custom host variable, $psISE, that you can use to customize Windows PowerShell ISE, including adding menus and menu items.
Windows PowerShell ISE Profile
Windows PowerShell ISE has its own Windows PowerShell profile, Microsoft.PowerShellISE_profile.ps1. In this profile, you can store functions, aliases, variables, and commands that you use in Windows PowerShell ISE.
Items in the Windows PowerShell AllHosts profiles (CurrentUser\AllHosts and AllUsers\AllHosts) are also available in Windows PowerShell ISE, just as they are in any Windows PowerShell host program. However, the items in your Windows PowerShell console profiles are not available in Windows PowerShell ISE.
Instructions for moving and reconfiguring your profiles are available in Windows PowerShell ISE Help and in about_Profiles.
Windows PowerShell ISE is an optional Windows Feature that is turned on by default on client and server versions of Windows. To enable and disable Windows PowerShell ISE in client versions of Windows, use Turn Windows Features On or Off in Control Panel. To enable and disable Windows PowerShell ISE in server versions of Windows, use the Add Roles and Features Wizard in Server Manager.
Because Windows PowerShell ISE requires a user interface, it does not work on Server Core installations of Windows Server. However, if you add the Windows PowerShell ISE feature, the installation automatically converts to Server with a GUI.
Windows PowerShell ISE is built on the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF). If the graphical elements of Windows PowerShell ISE do not render correctly on your system, you might resolve the problem by adding or adjusting the "Disable WPF Hardware acceleration" graphics rendering settings on your system. For more information, see "Graphics Rendering Registry Settings" in the MSDN library at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=144711.