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Unblock-File

JuanPablo Jofre|Last Updated: 12/22/2016
|
3 Contributors

SYNOPSIS

Unblocks files that were downloaded from the Internet.

SYNTAX

ByPath (Default)

Unblock-File [-Path] <String[]> [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

ByLiteralPath

Unblock-File -LiteralPath <String[]> [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

DESCRIPTION

The Unblock-File cmdlet lets you open files that were downloaded from the Internet. It unblocks Windows PowerShell script files that were downloaded from the Internet so you can run them, even when the Windows PowerShell execution policy is RemoteSigned. By default, these files are blocked to protect the computer from untrusted files.

Before using the Unblock-File cmdlet, review the file and its source and verify that it is safe to open.

Internally, the Unblock-File cmdlet removes the Zone.Identifier alternate data stream, which has a value of "3" to indicate that it was downloaded from the Internet.

For more information about Windows PowerShell execution policies, see about_Execution_Policies (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=135170).

This cmdlet is introduced in Windows PowerShell 3.0.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Unblock a file

PS C:\> Unblock-File -Path C:\Users\User01\Documents\Downloads\PowerShellTips.chm

This command unblocks the PowerShellTips.chm file.

Example 2: Unblock multiple files

PS C:\> dir C:\Downloads\*PowerShell* | Unblock-File

This command unblocks all of the files in the C:\Downloads directory whose names include "PowerShell". Do not run a command like this one until you have verified that all files are safe.

Example 3: Find and unblock scripts

The first command uses the **Stream** parameter of the Get-Item cmdlet get files with the Zone.Identifier stream.Although you could pipe the output directly to the **Unblock-File** cmdlet (Get-Item * -Stream "Zone.Identifier" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | ForEach {Unblock-File $_.FileName}), it is prudent to review the file and confirm that it is safe before unblocking.
PS C:\> Get-Item * -Stream "Zone.Identifier" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
   FileName: C:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1

Stream                   Length
------                   ------
Zone.Identifier              26

The second command shows what happens when you run a blocked script in a Windows PowerShell session in which the execution policy is **RemoteSigned**. The RemoteSigned policy prevents you from running scripts that are downloaded from the Internet unless they are digitally signed.
PS C:\> C:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1
c:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1 : File c:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1 cannot
be loaded. The file c:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1 is not digitally signed. The script
will not execute on the system. For more information, see about_Execution_Policies at
http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=135170.
At line:1 char:1
+ c:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : SecurityError: (:) [], PSSecurityException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : UnauthorizedAccess

The third command uses the **Unblock-File** cmdlet to unblock the script so it can run in the session.
PS C:\> Get-Item C:\ps-test\Start-ActivityTracker.ps1 | Unblock-File

This command shows how to find and unblock Windows PowerShell scripts.

PARAMETERS

-LiteralPath

Specifies the files to unblock. Unlike Path, the value of the LiteralPath parameter is used exactly as it is typed. No characters are interpreted as wildcards. If the path includes escape characters, enclose it in single quotation marks. Single quotation marks tell Windows PowerShell not to interpret any characters as escape sequences.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: ByLiteralPath
Aliases: PSPath

Required: True
Position: Named
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: True (ByPropertyName)
Accept wildcard characters: False

-Path

Specifies the files to unblock. Wildcard characters are supported.

Type: String[]
Parameter Sets: ByPath
Aliases: 

Required: True
Position: 1
Default value: None
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: True

-Confirm

Prompts you for confirmation before running the cmdlet.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: cf

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

-WhatIf

Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.

Type: SwitchParameter
Parameter Sets: (All)
Aliases: wi

Required: False
Position: Named
Default value: False
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False

CommonParameters

This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable, -InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see about_CommonParameters (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).

INPUTS

System.String

You can pipe a file path to Unblock-File.

OUTPUTS

None

This cmdlet does not generate any output.

NOTES

  • The Unblock-File cmdlet works only in file system drives.
  • Unblock-File performs the same operation as the Unblock button on the Properties dialog box in File Explorer.
  • If you use the Unblock-File cmdlet on a file that is not blocked, the command has no effect on the unblocked file and the cmdlet does not generate errors.

about_Execution_Policies

Get-Item

FileSystem Provider

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