GetBytes Method (Char[], Int32, Int32)

Encoding.GetBytes Method (Char[], Int32, Int32)

[ This article is for Windows Phone 8 developers. If you’re developing for Windows 10, see the latest documentation. ]

When overridden in a derived class, encodes a set of characters from the specified character array into a sequence of bytes.

Namespace:  System.Text
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual byte[] GetBytes(
	char[] chars,
	int index,
	int count
)

Parameters

chars
Type: System.Char []
The character array containing the set of characters to encode.
index
Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index of the first character to encode.
count
Type: System.Int32
The number of characters to encode.

Return Value

Type: System.Byte []
A byte array containing the results of encoding the specified set of characters.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

chars is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index or count is less than zero.

-or-

index and count do not denote a valid range in chars.

EncoderFallbackException

A fallback occurred.

If the data to be converted is available only in sequential blocks (such as data read from a stream) or if the amount of data is so large that it needs to be divided into smaller blocks, the application should use the Decoder or the Encoder provided by the GetDecoder method or the GetEncoder method, respectively, of a derived class.

For a discussion of programming considerations for use of this method, see the Encoding class description.

The following code example determines the number of bytes required to encode three characters from a character array, encodes the characters, and displays the resulting bytes.


using System;
using System.Text;

public class Example
{
   private static System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock;

   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outBlock)
   {
      outputBlock = outBlock;

      // The characters to encode:
      //    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
      //    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
      //    Combining Breve (U+0306)
      //    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
      //    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
      //    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
      //    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
      char[] myChars = new char[] { 'z', 'a', '\u0306', '\u01FD', '\u03B2', '\uD8FF', '\uDCFF' };

      // Get different encodings.
      Encoding u8 = Encoding.UTF8;
      Encoding u16LE = Encoding.Unicode;
      Encoding u16BE = Encoding.BigEndianUnicode;

      // Encode three characters starting at index 4, and print out the counts and the resulting bytes.
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, 4, 3, u8);
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, 4, 3, u16LE);
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myChars, 4, 3, u16BE);
   }

   public static void PrintCountsAndBytes(char[] chars, int index, int count, Encoding enc)
   {
      // Display the name of the encoding used.
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0,-30} :", enc.ToString());

      // Display the exact byte count.
      int iBC = enc.GetByteCount(chars, index, count);
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(" {0,-3}", iBC);

      // Display the maximum byte count.
      int iMBC = enc.GetMaxByteCount(count);
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format(" {0,-3} :", iMBC);

      // Encode the array of chars.
      byte[] bytes = enc.GetBytes(chars, index, count);

      // The following is an alternative way to encode the array of chars:
      // byte[] bytes = new byte[iBC];
      // enc.GetBytes( chars, index, count, bytes, bytes.GetLowerBound(0) );

      // Display all the encoded bytes.
      PrintHexBytes(bytes);
   }


   public static void PrintHexBytes(byte[] bytes)
   {
      if ((bytes == null) || (bytes.Length == 0))
         outputBlock.Text += "<none>" + "\n";
      else
      {
         for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++)
            outputBlock.Text += String.Format("{0:X2} ", bytes[i]);
         outputBlock.Text += "\n";
      }
   }
}
/* 
This example produces the following output.
   System.Text.UTF8Encoding       : 6   12  :CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
   System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 6   8   :B2 03 FF D8 FF DC
   System.Text.UnicodeEncoding    : 6   8   :03 B2 D8 FF DC FF
*/



Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

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