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Char.IsNumber Method (String, Int32)

Updated: December 2010

Indicates whether the character at the specified position in a specified string is categorized as a number.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static bool IsNumber(
	string s,
	int index
)

Parameters

s
Type: System.String

A string.

index
Type: System.Int32

The zero-based position of the character to evaluate in s.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the character at position index in s is a number; otherwise, false.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

s is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than zero or greater than the last position in s.

This method determines whether a Char is of any numeric Unicode category. In addition to digits, numbers include characters, fractions, subscripts, superscripts, Roman numerals, currency numerators, and encircled numbers. This method contrasts with the IsDigit method, which determines if a Char is a radix-10 digit.

Character positions in a string are indexed starting from zero.

Valid numbers are members of the UnicodeCategory.DecimalDigitNumber, UnicodeCategory.LetterNumber, or UnicodeCategory.OtherNumber category.

If the Char object at position index is the first character of a valid surrogate pair, the IsNumber method determines whether the surrogate pair forms a numeric digit. For example, the Aegean numbering system consists of code points U+10107 through U+10133. The following example uses the ConvertFromUtf32 method to instantiate a string that represents AEGEAN NUMBER ONE. As the output from the example shows, the IsNumber method returns true if it is passed the high surrogate of AEGEAN NUMBER ONE. However, if it is passed the low surrogate, it considers only the category of the low surrogate and returns false.

int utf32 = 0x10107;      // AEGEAN NUMBER ONE
string surrogate = Char.ConvertFromUtf32(utf32);
for (int ctr = 0; ctr < surrogate.Length; ctr++)
   Console.WriteLine("U+{0:X4} at position {1}: {2}", 
                     Convert.ToUInt16(surrogate[ctr]), ctr,  
                     Char.IsNumber(surrogate, ctr));
// The example displays the following output: 
//       U+D800 at position 0: True 
//       U+DD07 at position 1: False

The following code example demonstrates IsNumber.

using System;

public class IsNumberSample {
	public static void Main() {
		string str = "non-numeric";

		Console.WriteLine(Char.IsNumber('8'));		// Output: "True"
		Console.WriteLine(Char.IsNumber(str, 3));	// Output: "False"
	}
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

December 2010

Added information about how the method handles surrogate pairs.

Information enhancement.

October 2008

Added detail about the difference between the IsDigit and IsNumber methods.

Customer feedback.

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