CurrentCulture Property
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StringComparer.CurrentCulture Property

[ This article is for Windows Phone 8 developers. If you’re developing for Windows 10, see the latest documentation. ]

Gets a StringComparer object that performs a case-sensitive string comparison using the word comparison rules of the current culture.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static StringComparer CurrentCulture { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.StringComparer
A new StringComparer object.

The StringComparer returned by the CurrentCulture property can be used when strings are linguistically relevant. For example, if strings are displayed to the user, or if strings are the result of user interaction, culture-sensitive string comparison should be used to order the string data.

The current culture is the CultureInfo object associated with the current thread.

The CurrentCulture property actually returns an instance of an anonymous class derived from the StringComparer class.

Each call to the CurrentCulture property get accessor returns a new StringComparer object, as the following code shows.


private void CompareCurrentCultureStringComparer(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
{
   StringComparer stringComparer1 = StringComparer.CurrentCulture;
   StringComparer stringComparer2 = StringComparer.CurrentCulture;
   // Displays false
   outputBlock.Text += StringComparer.ReferenceEquals(stringComparer1,
                                                    stringComparer2) + "\n";
}


To improve performance, you can store the StringComparer object in a local variable rather than retrieve the value of the CurrentCulture property multiple times.

The following code example demonstrates the properties and the Create method of the StringComparer class. The example illustrates how different StringComparer objects sort three versions of the Latin letter I.


// This example demonstrates members of the 
// System.StringComparer class.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Threading;

class Example
{
   public static void Demo(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      // Create a list of string.
      List<string> list = new List<string>();

      // Get the tr-TR (Turkish-Turkey) culture.
      CultureInfo turkish = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");

      // Get the culture that is associated with the current thread.
      CultureInfo thisCulture = Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture;

      // Get the standard StringComparers.
      StringComparer invCmp = StringComparer.InvariantCulture;
      StringComparer invICCmp = StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase;
      StringComparer currCmp = StringComparer.CurrentCulture;
      StringComparer currICCmp = StringComparer.CurrentCultureIgnoreCase;
      StringComparer ordCmp = StringComparer.Ordinal;
      StringComparer ordICCmp = StringComparer.OrdinalIgnoreCase;

      // Create a StringComparer that uses the Turkish culture and ignores case.
      StringComparer turkICComp = StringComparer.Create(turkish, true);

      // Define three strings consisting of different versions of the letter I.
      // LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I (U+0049)
      string capitalLetterI = "I";

      // LATIN SMALL LETTER I (U+0069)
      string smallLetterI = "i";

      // LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I (U+0131)
      string smallLetterDotlessI = "\u0131";

      // Add the three strings to the list.
      list.Add(capitalLetterI);
      list.Add(smallLetterI);
      list.Add(smallLetterDotlessI);

      // Display the original list order.
      Display(outputBlock, list, "The original order of the list entries...");

      // Sort the list using the invariant culture.
      list.Sort(invCmp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Invariant culture...");
      list.Sort(invICCmp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Invariant culture, ignore case...");

      // Sort the list using the current culture.
      outputBlock.Text += String.Format("The current culture is \"{0}\".", thisCulture.Name) + "\n";
      list.Sort(currCmp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Current culture...");
      list.Sort(currICCmp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Current culture, ignore case...");

      // Sort the list using the ordinal value of the character code points.
      list.Sort(ordCmp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Ordinal...");
      list.Sort(ordICCmp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Ordinal, ignore case...");

      // Sort the list using the Turkish culture, which treats LATIN SMALL LETTER 
      // DOTLESS I differently than LATIN SMALL LETTER I.
      list.Sort(turkICComp);
      Display(outputBlock, list, "Turkish culture, ignore case...");
   }

   public static void Display(System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock outputBlock, List<string> lst, string title)
   {
      Char c;
      int codePoint;
      outputBlock.Text += title + "\n";
      foreach (string s in lst)
      {
         c = s[0];
         codePoint = Convert.ToInt32(c);
         outputBlock.Text += String.Format("0x{0:x}", codePoint) + "\n";
      }
      outputBlock.Text += "\n";
   }
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

The original order of the list entries...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Invariant culture...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Invariant culture, ignore case...
0x49
0x69
0x131

The current culture is "en-US".
Current culture...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Current culture, ignore case...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Ordinal...
0x49
0x69
0x131

Ordinal, ignore case...
0x69
0x49
0x131

Turkish culture, ignore case...
0x131
0x49
0x69

*/


Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

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