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String.IsNullOrEmpty Method (String)


Indicates whether the specified string is null or an Empty string.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Shared Function IsNullOrEmpty (
	value As String
) As Boolean


Type: System.String

The string to test.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if the value parameter is null or an empty string (""); otherwise, false.

IsNullOrEmpty is a convenience method that enables you to simultaneously test whether a String is null or its value is Empty. It is equivalent to the following code:

result = s Is Nothing OrElse s = String.Empty

You can use the IsNullOrWhiteSpace method to test whether a string is null, its value is String.Empty, or it consists only of white-space characters.

A string is null if it has not been assigned a value (in C++ and Visual Basic) or if has explicitly been assigned a value of null. Although the composite formatting feature can gracefully handle a null string, as the following example shows, attempting to call one if its members throws a NullReferenceException.

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim s As String

      Console.WriteLine("The value of the string is '{0}'", s)

         Console.WriteLine("String length is {0}", s.Length)
      Catch e As NullReferenceException
      End Try   
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'     The value of the string is ''
'     Object reference not set to an instance of an object.

A string is empty if it is explicitly assigned an empty string ("") or String.Empty. An empty string has a Length of 0. The following example creates an empty string and displays its value and its length.

Dim s As String = ""
Console.WriteLine("The length of '{0}' is {1}.", s, s.Length)
' The example displays the following output:
'        The length of '' is 0.      

The following example examines three strings and determines whether each string has a value, is an empty string, or is null.

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim s1 As String = "abcd"
      Dim s2 As String = ""
      Dim s3 As String = Nothing

      Console.WriteLine("String s1 {0}.", Test(s1))
      Console.WriteLine("String s2 {0}.", Test(s2))
      Console.WriteLine("String s3 {0}.", Test(s3))
   End Sub

   Public Shared Function Test(s As String) As String
      If String.IsNullOrEmpty(s) Then
         Return "is null or empty"
         Return String.Format("(""{0}"") is neither null nor empty", s)
      End If
   End Function 
End Class  
' The example displays the following output:
'       String s1 ("abcd") is neither null nor empty.
'       String s2 is null or empty.
'       String s3 is null or empty.

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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