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CultureInfo.Parent Property

Gets the CultureInfo that represents the parent culture of the current CultureInfo.

Namespace:  System.Globalization
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual CultureInfo Parent { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Globalization.CultureInfo
The CultureInfo that represents the parent culture of the current CultureInfo.

The cultures have a hierarchy in which the parent of a specific culture is a neutral culture, the parent of a neutral culture is the InvariantCulture, and the parent of the InvariantCulture is the invariant culture itself. The parent culture encompasses only the set of information that is common among its children.

If the resources for the specific culture are not available in the system, the resources for the neutral culture are used. If the resources for the neutral culture are not available, the resources embedded in the main assembly are used. For more information on the resource fallback process, see Packaging and Deploying Resources.

The following code example determines the parent culture of each specific culture using the Chinese language.


The example displays the older "zh-CHS" and "zh-CHT" culture names with the 0x0004 and 0x7C04 culture identifiers, respectively. However, your Windows Vista applications should use the zh-Hans name instead of "zh-CHS" and the zh-Hant name instead of "zh-CHT". The zh-Hans and zh-Hant names represent the current standard, and should be used unless you have a reason for using the older names.

using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCultureInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Prints the header.
      Console.WriteLine( "SPECIFIC CULTURE                                  PARENT CULTURE" );

      // Determines the specific cultures that use the Chinese language, and displays the parent culture. 
      foreach ( CultureInfo ci in CultureInfo.GetCultures( CultureTypes.SpecificCultures ) )  {
         if ( ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName == "zh" )  {
            Console.Write( "0x{0} {1} {2,-37}", ci.LCID.ToString("X4"), ci.Name, ci.EnglishName );
            Console.WriteLine( "0x{0} {1} {2}", ci.Parent.LCID.ToString("X4"), ci.Parent.Name, ci.Parent.EnglishName );



This code produces the following output.

SPECIFIC CULTURE                                  PARENT CULTURE
0x0404 zh-TW Chinese (Taiwan)                     0x7C04 zh-CHT Chinese (Traditional)
0x0804 zh-CN Chinese (People's Republic of China) 0x0004 zh-CHS Chinese (Simplified)
0x0C04 zh-HK Chinese (Hong Kong S.A.R.)           0x7C04 zh-CHT Chinese (Traditional)
0x1004 zh-SG Chinese (Singapore)                  0x0004 zh-CHS Chinese (Simplified)
0x1404 zh-MO Chinese (Macao S.A.R.)               0x7C04 zh-CHT Chinese (Traditional)


Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0
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