WaitAll Method (WaitHandle[], TimeSpan)
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WaitHandle.WaitAll Method (WaitHandle[], TimeSpan)

[ This article is for Windows Phone 8 developers. If you’re developing for Windows 10, see the latest documentation. ]

Waits for all the elements in the specified array to receive a signal, using a TimeSpan value to specify the time interval.

Namespace:  System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static bool WaitAll(
	WaitHandle[] waitHandles,
	TimeSpan timeout
)

Parameters

waitHandles
Type: System.Threading.WaitHandle []
An array that contains the objects for which the current instance will wait. This array cannot contain multiple references to the same object.
timeout
Type: System.TimeSpan
A TimeSpan that represents the number of milliseconds to wait, or a TimeSpan that represents -1 milliseconds, to wait indefinitely.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true when every element in waitHandles has received a signal; otherwise, false.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

The waitHandles parameter is null.

-or-

One or more of the objects in the waitHandles array is null.

ArgumentException

The waitHandles array contains elements that are duplicates.

-or-

waitHandles is an array with no elements.

NotSupportedException

The number of objects in waitHandles is greater than the system permits.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

timeout is a negative number other than -1 milliseconds, which represents an infinite time-out.

-or-

timeout is greater than Int32.MaxValue .

If timeout is zero, the method does not block. It tests the state of the wait handles and returns immediately.

The WaitAll method returns when the wait terminates, either when all the handles are signaled or when a time-out occurs. On some implementations, if more than 64 handles are passed, a NotSupportedException is thrown. If the array contains duplicates, the call will fail.

The maximum value for timeout is Int32.MaxValue.

If you call this method from a single-threaded apartment, and waitHandles contains more than one wait handle, the method deadlocks.

Version Notes

Windows Phone

 WaitAll is present but not supported in Windows Phone.

The following code example shows how to use this overload of the WaitAll method to report progress while waiting for the first of several threads to finish. It also demonstrates the corresponding overload of the WaitAny method.

The example creates a BackgroundWorker that reports progress to the user interface. By using a BackgroundWorker, the example insulates the user interface thread from the effects of the WaitAny and WaitAll methods, and thus allows the user interface to remain responsive.

The BackgroundWorker runs a DoWork method that creates three tasks by using the ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem method, and assigns each task a random amount of work. The example defines a Subtask class to hold the data and thread procedure for each task. Each task has a ManualResetEvent, which it signals when its work is complete.

After starting the tasks, the DoWork method uses the WaitAny(WaitHandle[], TimeSpan) method overload to wait for the shortest subtask to finish, with a 250-millisecond time-out to report progress to the user interface. The BackgroundWorker then uses the WaitAll(WaitHandle[], TimeSpan) method overload to wait until the rest of the tasks are complete, once again with a time-out to show progress. The DoWork method then produces a report using the results from all three tasks.

NoteNote:

The shortest task is not necessarily the first to complete. The thread pool threads may not all start immediately and may not be treated equally by the scheduler.

After you start the example, it changes the mouse button event to show user clicks, demonstrating that the user interface remains responsive during the execution of the background tasks.


using System;
using System.Threading;

// The following using statements simplify the supporting code; they are not required 
// for WaitHandle:
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Input;
using System.ComponentModel;

public class Example
{
   private static TextBlock outputBlock;

   public static void Demo(TextBlock outputBlock)
   {
      Example.outputBlock = outputBlock;
      Example.outputBlock.Text = "Click to start the demo.";

      outputBlock.MouseLeftButtonUp += new MouseButtonEventHandler(MouseUpStart);
   }

   private static void MouseUpStart(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
   {
      // Replace the startup mouse button handler with a handler that 
      // displays a message.
      outputBlock.MouseLeftButtonUp -= new MouseButtonEventHandler(MouseUpStart);
      outputBlock.MouseLeftButtonUp += new MouseButtonEventHandler(MouseUp);

      outputBlock.Text = 
         "Demo is running. The BackgroundWorker waits for the first subtask to complete,\n" +
         "then waits for all subtasks to complete and produces a report.\n" +
         "Click here at any time to show that the user interface is responsive.\n";

      System.ComponentModel.BackgroundWorker worker = new System.ComponentModel.BackgroundWorker();
      worker.DoWork += DoWork;
      worker.WorkerReportsProgress = true;
      worker.ProgressChanged += Progress;
      worker.RunWorkerCompleted += Completed;
      worker.RunWorkerAsync();
   }

   // The only purpose of this mouse button handler is to show that the user
   // interface is responsive while the background tasks are running.
   //
   private static void MouseUp(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
   {
      outputBlock.Text += "\nMouse clicked.\n";
   }

   private static void DoWork(object sender, DoWorkEventArgs e)
   {
      BackgroundWorker worker = (BackgroundWorker) sender;

      // Divide the "work" into three parts, and queue three tasks to run on
      // threadpool threads. Provide random data for each task.

      Random r = new Random();
      // Keep a list of subtasks and a list of their ManualResetEvent objects.
      System.Collections.Generic.List<Subtask> subtasks = 
                                 new System.Collections.Generic.List<Subtask>();
      System.Collections.Generic.List<WaitHandle> finished = 
                                 new System.Collections.Generic.List<WaitHandle>();

      for(int i = 1; i <= 3; i++)
      {
         Subtask task = new Subtask(i, 3000 + r.Next(4000));
         subtasks.Add(task);
         finished.Add(task.Finished);
         ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(task.DoSubtask);
      }


      // Wait for ANY subtask to complete, and show progress.

      // Create an array of ManualResetEvent wait handles. Each subtask will
      // signal its ManualResetEvent when it is finished.
      WaitHandle[] waitHandles = finished.ToArray();
      int index = WaitHandle.WaitTimeout;

      while (index == WaitHandle.WaitTimeout)
      {
         // Wait for any WaitHandle to be signaled. Use a timeout of 250 milliseconds 
         // to send progress reports. If a timeout occurs, WaitTimeout is returned;
         // if a WaitHandle signals, the array index of the WaitHandle is returned.
         //
         index = WaitHandle.WaitAny(waitHandles, new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0, 0, 250));
         worker.ReportProgress(1);
      }


      // In an actual application, the result of the first subtask could be 
      // processed now. Instead, signal the user interface that the first
      // subtask is done.
      worker.ReportProgress(2);


      // Wait for ALL subtasks to complete, and show progress every 1/4 second if
      // the WaitAll times out.

      while (!WaitHandle.WaitAll(waitHandles, new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0, 0, 250)))
      {
         // If the WaitAll timed out, show progress.
         worker.ReportProgress(3);
      }


      // Generate a report and return it as the result.
      Subtask first = subtasks[index];
      double total = 0.0;

      foreach( Subtask task in subtasks )
      {
         total += task.Result.TotalMilliseconds;
      }

      e.Result = String.Format(
         "Task {0} was the first to complete, with a duration of {1} seconds.\n"
            + "The total duration of all tasks was {2} seconds.\n", 
         first.SubtaskNumber, 
         first.Result.TotalMilliseconds/1000, 
         total/1000);
   }

   private static void Progress(object sender, ProgressChangedEventArgs e)
   {
      if (e.ProgressPercentage == 2)
      {
         outputBlock.Text += "\nFirst subtask is complete.\n";
      }
      else
      {
         outputBlock.Text += ".";
      }
   }

   private static void Completed(object sender, RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs e)
   {
      BackgroundWorker worker = (BackgroundWorker) sender;
      worker.DoWork -= DoWork;
      worker.ProgressChanged -= Progress;
      worker.RunWorkerCompleted -= Completed;

      outputBlock.Text += 
         String.Format("\n{0}\nTo repeat the demo, refresh the page.", e.Result);
   }
}

class Subtask
{
   // Signal this ManualResetEvent when the task is finished.
   internal ManualResetEvent Finished = new ManualResetEvent(false);
   internal int SubtaskNumber;
   internal TimeSpan Result;
   private int data;

   internal Subtask(int number, int data)
   {
      SubtaskNumber = number;
      this.data = data;
   }

   internal void DoSubtask(object state)
   {
      DateTime start = DateTime.Now;
      Thread.Sleep(data);
      // Return a TimeSpan that represents the duration of the task.
      Result = DateTime.Now-start;
      Finished.Set();
   }
}

/* This code produces output similar to the following:

Demo is running. The BackgroundWorker waits for the first subtask to complete,
then waits for all subtasks to complete and produces a report.
Click here at any time to show that the user interface is responsive.
.....
Mouse clicked.
...........
First subtask is complete.
............
Task 3 was the first to complete, with a duration of 3.178 seconds.
The total duration of all tasks was 15.3553943 seconds.

To repeat the demo, refresh the page.
 */


Windows Phone OS

Supported in: 8.1, 8.0, 7.1, 7.0

Windows Phone

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