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WaitHandle.WaitOne Method

Blocks the current thread until the current wait handle receives a signal.

Namespace:  System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual bool WaitOne()

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the current instance receives a signal. If the current instance is never signaled, WaitOne never returns.

ExceptionCondition
ObjectDisposedException

The current instance has already been disposed.

AbandonedMutexException

The wait completed because a thread exited without releasing a mutex. This exception is not thrown on Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition.

InvalidOperationException

The current instance is a transparent proxy for a WaitHandle in another application domain.

AbandonedMutexException is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0. In previous versions, the WaitOne method returns true when a mutex is abandoned. An abandoned mutex often indicates a serious coding error. In the case of a system-wide mutex, it might indicate that an application has been terminated abruptly (for example, by using Windows Task Manager). The exception contains information useful for debugging.

The caller of this method blocks indefinitely until the current instance receives a signal. Use this method to block until a WaitHandle receives a signal from another thread, such as is generated when an asynchronous operation completes. For more information, see the IAsyncResult interface.

Calling this method overload is equivalent to calling the WaitOne(Int32, Boolean) method overload and specifying -1 or Timeout.Infinite for the first parameter and false for the second parameter.

Override this method to customize the behavior of derived classes.

The following code example shows how to use a wait handle to keep a process from terminating while it waits for a background thread to finish executing.

using System;
using System.Threading;

class WaitOne
{
    static AutoResetEvent autoEvent = new AutoResetEvent(false);

    static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Main starting.");

        ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(
            new WaitCallback(WorkMethod), autoEvent);

        // Wait for work method to signal.
        autoEvent.WaitOne();
        Console.WriteLine("Work method signaled.\nMain ending.");
    }

    static void WorkMethod(object stateInfo) 
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Work starting.");

        // Simulate time spent working.
        Thread.Sleep(new Random().Next(100, 2000));

        // Signal that work is finished.
        Console.WriteLine("Work ending.");
        ((AutoResetEvent)stateInfo).Set();
    }
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

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