Was this page helpful?
Your feedback about this content is important. Let us know what you think.
Additional feedback?
1500 characters remaining
Export (0) Print
Expand All
Expand Minimize

vfprintf, _vfprintf_l, vfwprintf, _vfwprintf_l

Write formatted output using a pointer to a list of arguments. More secure versions of these functions exist; see vfprintf_s, _vfprintf_s_l, vfwprintf_s, _vfwprintf_s_l.

int vfprintf(
   FILE *stream,
   const char *format,
   va_list argptr 
int _vfprintf_l(
   FILE *stream,
   const char *format,
   locale_t locale,
   va_list argptr 
int vfwprintf(
   FILE *stream,
   const wchar_t *format,
   va_list argptr 
int _vfwprintf_l(
   FILE *stream,
   const wchar_t *format,
   locale_t locale,
   va_list argptr 


Pointer to FILE structure.


Format specification.


Pointer to list of arguments.


The locale to use.

For more information, see Format Specifications.

vfprintf and vfwprintf return the number of characters written, not including the terminating null character, or a negative value if an output error occurs. If either stream or format is a null pointer, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, the functions return -1 and set errno to EINVAL.

For information on these and other error codes, see _doserrno, errno, _sys_errlist, and _sys_nerr.

Each of these functions takes a pointer to an argument list, then formats and writes the given data to stream.

vfwprintf is the wide-character version of vfprintf; the two functions behave identically if the stream is opened in ANSI mode. vfprintf doesn't currently support output into a UNICODE stream.

The versions of these functions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead of the current thread locale.

Security note Security Note

Ensure that format is not a user-defined string. For more information, see Avoiding Buffer Overruns.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine

_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined

_MBCS defined

_UNICODE defined










Required header

Optional headers

vfprintf , _vfprintf_l

<stdio.h> and <stdarg.h>


vfwprintf , _vfwprintf_l

<stdio.h> or <wchar.h>, and <stdarg.h>


* Required for UNIX V compatibility.

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

© 2015 Microsoft