PerformanceCounterType Enumeration
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PerformanceCounterType Enumeration

 

Specifies the formula used to calculate the NextValue method for a PerformanceCounter instance.

Namespace:   System.Diagnostics
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

Public Enumeration PerformanceCounterType

Member nameDescription
AverageBase

A base counter that is used in the calculation of time or count averages, such as AverageTimer32 and AverageCount64. Stores the denominator for calculating a counter to present "time per operation" or "count per operation".

AverageCount64

An average counter that shows how many items are processed, on average, during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items processed to the number of operations completed. The ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval.

AverageTimer32

An average counter that measures the time it takes, on average, to complete a process or operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the total elapsed time of the sample interval to the number of processes or operations completed during that time. This counter type measures time in ticks of the system clock.

CounterDelta32

A difference counter that shows the change in the measured attribute between the two most recent sample intervals.

CounterDelta64

A difference counter that shows the change in the measured attribute between the two most recent sample intervals. It is the same as the CounterDelta32 counter type except that is uses larger fields to accomodate larger values.

CounterMultiBase

A base counter that indicates the number of items sampled. It is used as the denominator in the calculations to get an average among the items sampled when taking timings of multiple, but similar items. Used with CounterMultiTimer, CounterMultiTimerInverse, CounterMultiTimer100Ns, and CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse.

CounterMultiTimer

A percentage counter that displays the active time of one or more components as a percentage of the total time of the sample interval. Because the numerator records the active time of components operating simultaneously, the resulting percentage can exceed 100 percent.

CounterMultiTimer100Ns

A percentage counter that shows the active time of one or more components as a percentage of the total time of the sample interval. It measures time in 100 nanosecond (ns) units.

CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse

A percentage counter that shows the active time of one or more components as a percentage of the total time of the sample interval. Counters of this type measure time in 100 nanosecond (ns) units. They derive the active time by measuring the time that the components were not active and subtracting the result from multiplying 100 percent by the number of objects monitored.

CounterMultiTimerInverse

A percentage counter that shows the active time of one or more components as a percentage of the total time of the sample interval. It derives the active time by measuring the time that the components were not active and subtracting the result from 100 percent by the number of objects monitored.

CounterTimer

A percentage counter that shows the average time that a component is active as a percentage of the total sample time.

CounterTimerInverse

A percentage counter that displays the average percentage of active time observed during sample interval. The value of these counters is calculated by monitoring the percentage of time that the service was inactive and then subtracting that value from 100 percent.

CountPerTimeInterval32

An average counter designed to monitor the average length of a queue to a resource over time. It shows the difference between the queue lengths observed during the last two sample intervals divided by the duration of the interval. This type of counter is typically used to track the number of items that are queued or waiting.

CountPerTimeInterval64

An average counter that monitors the average length of a queue to a resource over time. Counters of this type display the difference between the queue lengths observed during the last two sample intervals, divided by the duration of the interval. This counter type is the same as CountPerTimeInterval32 except that it uses larger fields to accommodate larger values. This type of counter is typically used to track a high-volume or very large number of items that are queued or waiting.

ElapsedTime

A difference timer that shows the total time between when the component or process started and the time when this value is calculated.

NumberOfItems32

An instantaneous counter that shows the most recently observed value. Used, for example, to maintain a simple count of items or operations.

NumberOfItems64

An instantaneous counter that shows the most recently observed value. Used, for example, to maintain a simple count of a very large number of items or operations. It is the same as NumberOfItems32 except that it uses larger fields to accommodate larger values.

NumberOfItemsHEX32

An instantaneous counter that shows the most recently observed value in hexadecimal format. Used, for example, to maintain a simple count of items or operations.

NumberOfItemsHEX64

An instantaneous counter that shows the most recently observed value. Used, for example, to maintain a simple count of a very large number of items or operations. It is the same as NumberOfItemsHEX32 except that it uses larger fields to accommodate larger values.

RateOfCountsPerSecond32

A difference counter that shows the average number of operations completed during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type measure time in ticks of the system clock.

RateOfCountsPerSecond64

A difference counter that shows the average number of operations completed during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type measure time in ticks of the system clock. This counter type is the same as the RateOfCountsPerSecond32 type, but it uses larger fields to accommodate larger values to track a high-volume number of items or operations per second, such as a byte-transmission rate.

RawBase

A base counter that stores the denominator of a counter that presents a general arithmetic fraction. Check that this value is greater than zero before using it as the denominator in a RawFraction value calculation.

RawFraction

An instantaneous percentage counter that shows the ratio of a subset to its set as a percentage. For example, it compares the number of bytes in use on a disk to the total number of bytes on the disk. Counters of this type display the current percentage only, not an average over time.

SampleBase

A base counter that stores the number of sampling interrupts taken and is used as a denominator in the sampling fraction. The sampling fraction is the number of samples that were 1 (or true) for a sample interrupt. Check that this value is greater than zero before using it as the denominator in a calculation of SampleFraction.

SampleCounter

An average counter that shows the average number of operations completed in one second. When a counter of this type samples the data, each sampling interrupt returns one or zero. The counter data is the number of ones that were sampled. It measures time in units of ticks of the system performance timer.

SampleFraction

A percentage counter that shows the average ratio of hits to all operations during the last two sample intervals.

Timer100Ns

A percentage counter that shows the active time of a component as a percentage of the total elapsed time of the sample interval. It measures time in units of 100 nanoseconds (ns). Counters of this type are designed to measure the activity of one component at a time.

Timer100NsInverse

A percentage counter that shows the average percentage of active time observed during the sample interval.

Some counter types represent raw data, while others represent calculated values that are based on one or more counter samples. The following categories classify the types of counters available.

  • Average: measure a value over time and display the average of the last two measurements. Associated with each average counter is a base counter that tracks the number of samples involved.

  • Difference: subtract the last measurement from the previous one and display the difference, if it is positive; if negative, they display a zero.

  • Instantaneous: display the most recent measurement.

  • Percentage: display calculated values as a percentage.

  • Rate: sample an increasing count of events over time and divide the change in count values by the change in time to display a rate of activity.

When sampling performance counter data, using a counter type that represents an average can make raw data values meaningful for your use. For example, the raw data counter NumberOfItems64 can expose data that is fairly random from sample to sample. The formula for an average calculation of the values that the counter returns would be (X 0 +X 1 +…+X n)/n, where each X i is a raw counter sample.

Rate counters are similar to average counters, but more useful for situations in which the rate increases as a resource is used. A formula that quickly calculates the average is ((X n -X 0)/(T n -T 0)) / frequency, where each X i is a counter sample and each T i is the time that the corresponding sample was taken. The result is the average usage per second.

System_CAPS_noteNote

Unless otherwise indicated, the time base is seconds.

When instrumenting applications (creating and writing custom performance counters), you might be working with performance counter types that rely on an accompanying base counter that is used in the calculations. The base counter must be immediately after its associated counter in the CounterCreationDataCollection collection your application uses. The following table lists the base counter types with their corresponding performance counter types.

Base counter type

Performance counter types

AverageBase

AverageTimer32

AverageCount64

CounterMultiBase

CounterMultiTimer

CounterMultiTimerInverse

CounterMultiTimer100Ns

CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse

RawBase

RawFraction

SampleBase

SampleFraction

The following examples demonstrate several of the counter types in the PerformanceCounterType enumeration.

AverageCount64

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App

    Private Shared avgCounter64Sample As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared avgCounter64SampleBase As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub 'Main



    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("AverageCounter64SampleCategory") Then

            Dim counterDataCollection As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim averageCount64 As New CounterCreationData()
            averageCount64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64
            averageCount64.CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample"
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim averageCount64Base As New CounterCreationData()
            averageCount64Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase
            averageCount64Base.CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase"
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64Base)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", _
               "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.", _
                      PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, counterDataCollection)


            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.

        avgCounter64Sample = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64Sample", False)

        avgCounter64SampleBase = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64SampleBase", False)


        avgCounter64Sample.RawValue = 0
        avgCounter64SampleBase.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write(j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString())

            avgCounter64Sample.IncrementBy(value)

            avgCounter64SampleBase.Increment()

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples

    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
    '		during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
    '		processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
    '		ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
    '		last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
    ' Generic type - Average
    '  	Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
    '		of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
    '		represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
    '		intervals. 
    '	Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
    '	Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.BaseValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App

AverageTimer32

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class App

    Private Const categoryName As String = "AverageTimer32SampleCategory"
    Private Const counterName As String = "AverageTimer32Sample"
    Private Const baseCounterName As String = "AverageTimer32SampleBase"

    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared BPC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        SetupCategory()
        CreateCounters()
        CollectSamples(samplesList)
        CalculateResults(samplesList)
    End Sub


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean

        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName) Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim averageTimer32 As New CounterCreationData()
            averageTimer32.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageTimer32
            averageTimer32.CounterName = counterName
            CCDC.Add(averageTimer32)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim averageTimer32Base As New CounterCreationData()
            averageTimer32Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase
            averageTimer32Base.CounterName = baseCounterName
            CCDC.Add(averageTimer32Base)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create( _
               categoryName, _
               "Demonstrates usage of the AverageTimer32 performance counter type", _
                 PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Console.WriteLine("Category created - " + categoryName)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine(("Category exists - " + _
               categoryName))
            Return False
        End If
    End Function


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter(categoryName, _
              counterName, False)

        BPC = New PerformanceCounter(categoryName, _
              baseCounterName, False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
        BPC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 9

            PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimeStamp()

            BPC.IncrementBy(10)

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(1000)
            Console.WriteLine(("Next value = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
            samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
        Next i
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        Dim sample1 As CounterSample
        Dim sample2 As CounterSample
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            sample1 = CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample)
            sample2 = CType(samplesList(i + 1), CounterSample)
            OutputSample(sample1)
            OutputSample(sample2)

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine((".NET computed counter value = " _
               + CounterSample.Calculate(sample1, sample2).ToString()))

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine(("My computed counter value = " _
               + MyComputeCounterValue(sample1, sample2).ToString()))

        Next i
    End Sub


    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//+++++++
    ' PERF_AVERAGE_TIMER
    '  Description - This counter type measures the time it takes, on 
    '     average, to complete a process or operation. Counters of this
    '     type display a ratio of the total elapsed time of the sample 
    '     interval to the number of processes or operations completed
    '     during that time. This counter type measures time in ticks 
    '     of the system clock. The F variable represents the number of
    '     ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the equation
    '     so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    '
    '  Generic type - Average
    '
    '  Formula - ((N1 - N0) / F) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N)
    '     represents the number of ticks counted during the last 
    '     sample interval, F represents the frequency of the ticks, 
    '     and the denominator (D) represents the number of operations
    '     completed during the last sample interval.
    '
    '  Average - ((Nx - N0) / F) / (Dx - D0)
    '
    '  Example - PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk sec/Transfer 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//+++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue( _
    ByVal s0 As CounterSample, _
    ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As Single
        Dim n1 As Int64 = s1.RawValue
        Dim n0 As Int64 = s0.RawValue
        Dim f As Decimal = CType(s1.SystemFrequency, Decimal)
        Dim d1 As Int64 = s1.BaseValue
        Dim d0 As Int64 = s0.BaseValue

        Dim numerator As Double = System.Convert.ToDouble(n1 - n0)
        Dim denominator As Double = System.Convert.ToDouble(d1 - d0)
        Dim counterValue As Single = CType(numerator, Single)
        counterValue = counterValue / CType(f, Single)
        counterValue = counterValue / CType(denominator, Single)

        Return counterValue
    End Function


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine("+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Cr _
              + ControlChars.Lf)
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + _
              s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + _
              s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " _
              + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + _
              s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + _
              s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + _
              s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + _
              s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + _
              s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub


End Class

ElapsedTime


Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class App

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        CollectSamples()
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples()

        Dim categoryName As String = "ElapsedTimeSampleCategory"
        Dim counterName As String = "ElapsedTimeSample"

        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName) Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim ETimeData As New CounterCreationData()
            ETimeData.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.ElapsedTime
            ETimeData.CounterName = counterName
            CCDC.Add(ETimeData)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create(categoryName, _
               "Demonstrates ElapsedTime performance counter usage.", _
                   PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - {0}", categoryName)
        End If

        ' Create the counter.
        Dim PC As PerformanceCounter
        PC = New PerformanceCounter(categoryName, counterName, False)

        ' Initialize the counter.
        PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp()

        Dim Start As DateTime = DateTime.Now

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99
            ' Output the values.
            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine(("NextValue() = " _
                    + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                Console.WriteLine(("Actual elapsed time = " _
                    + DateTime.Now.Subtract(Start).ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
            End If

            ' Reset the counter every 20th iteration.
            If j Mod 20 = 0 Then
                PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp()
                Start = DateTime.Now
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j

        Console.WriteLine(("Elapsed time = " + _
              DateTime.Now.Subtract(Start).ToString()))
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++")

        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Cr _
              + ControlChars.Lf)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " _
              + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + _
              s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + _
              s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + _
              s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + _
              s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + _
              s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + _
              s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + _
              s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))

        Console.WriteLine("+++++++")
    End Sub
End Class

NumberOfItems32

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class NumberOfItems64

    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If
    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory") Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim NOI64 As New CounterCreationData()
            NOI64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems64
            NOI64.CounterName = "NumberOfItems32Sample"
            CCDC.Add(NOI64)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the NumberOfItems32 performance counter type.", _
                      PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - NumberOfItems32SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counter.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory", "NumberOfItems32Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)



        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write(j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString())

            PC.IncrementBy(value)

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples




    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = s1.RawValue
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'NumberOfItems64 


NumberOfItems64

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class NumberOfItems64

    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory") Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim NOI64 As New CounterCreationData()
            NOI64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems64
            NOI64.CounterName = "NumberOfItems64Sample"
            CCDC.Add(NOI64)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the NumberOfItems64 performance counter type.", _
                   PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - NumberOfItems64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory", "NumberOfItems64Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            PC.IncrementBy(value)

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = s1.RawValue
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'NumberOfItems64 

SampleFraction

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics


' Provides a SampleFraction counter to measure the percentage of the user processor 
' time for this process to total processor time for the process.

Public Class App

    Private Shared perfCounter As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared basePerfCounter As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared thisProcess As Process = Process.GetCurrentProcess()


    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        ' If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        ' Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        ' There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        ' prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        ' Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        If SetupCategory() Then
            Return
        End If
        CreateCounters()
        CollectSamples(samplesList)
        CalculateResults(samplesList)

    End Sub 'Main



    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("SampleFractionCategory") Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim sampleFraction As New CounterCreationData()
            sampleFraction.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.SampleFraction
            sampleFraction.CounterName = "SampleFractionSample"
            CCDC.Add(sampleFraction)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim sampleFractionBase As New CounterCreationData()
            sampleFractionBase.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.SampleBase
            sampleFractionBase.CounterName = "SampleFractionSampleBase"
            CCDC.Add(sampleFractionBase)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("SampleFractionCategory", "Demonstrates usage of the SampleFraction performance counter type.", PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - SampleFractionCategory")
            Return False
        End If

    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        perfCounter = New PerformanceCounter("SampleFractionCategory", "SampleFractionSample", False)


        basePerfCounter = New PerformanceCounter("SampleFractionCategory", "SampleFractionSampleBase", False)


        perfCounter.RawValue = thisProcess.UserProcessorTime.Ticks
        basePerfCounter.RawValue = thisProcess.TotalProcessorTime.Ticks

    End Sub 'CreateCounters

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)


        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            perfCounter.IncrementBy(thisProcess.UserProcessorTime.Ticks)

            basePerfCounter.IncrementBy(thisProcess.TotalProcessorTime.Ticks)

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(perfCounter.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(perfCounter.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j

    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1)
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)))

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)))
        Next i

    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    ' Description - This counter type provides A percentage counter that shows the 
    ' average ratio of user proccessor time to total processor time  during the last 
    ' two sample intervals.
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.BaseValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = 100 * (numerator / denomenator)
        Return counterValue

    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(vbCr + vbLf + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + vbCr + vbLf)
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue)
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency)
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp)
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType)
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue)
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency)
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp)
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec)
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")

    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App

RateOfCountsPerSecond32

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App
    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If
    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean

        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory") Then


            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim rateOfCounts32 As New CounterCreationData()
            rateOfCounts32.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond32
            rateOfCounts32.CounterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond32Sample"
            CCDC.Add(rateOfCounts32)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory", _
                "Demonstrates usage of the RateOfCountsPerSecond32 performance counter type.", _
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)
            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counter.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory", "RateOfCountsPerSecond32Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample()

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            PC.IncrementBy(value)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine((";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))


            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults





    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
    '	Description	 - This counter type shows the average number of operations completed
    '		during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type
    '		measure time in ticks of the system clock. The F variable represents
    '		the number of ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the
    '		equation so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    '
    '	Generic type - Difference
    '
    '	Formula - (N1 - N0) / ( (D1 - D0) / F), where the numerator (N) represents the number
    '		of operations performed during the last sample interval, the denominator
    '		(D) represents the number of ticks elapsed during the last sample
    '		interval, and F is the frequency of the ticks.
    '
    '	     Average - (Nx - N0) / ((Dx - D0) / F) 
    '
    '       Example - System\ File Read Operations/sec 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue - s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.TimeStamp - s0.TimeStamp, [Single]) / CType(s1.SystemFrequency, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App 

RateOfCountsPerSecond64

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App
    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If
    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean


        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory") Then


            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim rateOfCounts64 As New CounterCreationData()
            rateOfCounts64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond64
            rateOfCounts64.CounterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample"
            CCDC.Add(rateOfCounts64)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the RateOfCountsPerSecond64 performance counter type.", _
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)
            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counter.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory", "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample()

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            PC.IncrementBy(value)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine((";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))


            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + _
            CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + _
            MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
    '	Description	 - This counter type shows the average number of operations completed
    '		during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type
    '		measure time in ticks of the system clock. The F variable represents
    '		the number of ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the
    '		equation so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    '
    '	Generic type - Difference
    '
    '	Formula - (N1 - N0) / ( (D1 - D0) / F), where the numerator (N) represents the number
    '		of operations performed during the last sample interval, the denominator
    '		(D) represents the number of ticks elapsed during the last sample
    '		interval, and F is the frequency of the ticks.
    '
    '	Average - (Nx - N0) / ((Dx - D0) / F) 
    '
    '  Example - System\ File Read Operations/sec 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue - s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.TimeStamp - s0.TimeStamp, [Single]) / CType(s1.SystemFrequency, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App

RawFraction

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _


Public Class App
    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared BPC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean


        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RawFractionSampleCategory") Then


            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim rf As New CounterCreationData()
            rf.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RawFraction
            rf.CounterName = "RawFractionSample"
            CCDC.Add(rf)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim rfBase As New CounterCreationData()
            rfBase.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RawBase
            rfBase.CounterName = "RawFractionSampleBase"
            CCDC.Add(rfBase)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RawFractionSampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the RawFraction performance counter type.", _
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RawFractionSampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("RawFractionSampleCategory", "RawFractionSample", False)

        BPC = New PerformanceCounter("RawFractionSampleCategory", "RawFractionSampleBase", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
        BPC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample()

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99
            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            ' Increment the base every time, because the counter measures the number 
            ' of high hits (raw fraction value) against all the hits (base value).
            BPC.Increment()

            ' Get the % of samples that are 9 or 10 out of all the samples taken.
            If value >= 9 Then
                PC.Increment()
            End If
            ' Copy out the next value every ten times around the loop.
            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine((";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples



    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To samplesList.Count - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults


    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    ' Formula from MSDN -
    '      Description - This counter type shows the ratio of a subset to its set as a percentage.
    '			For example, it compares the number of bytes in use on a disk to the
    '			total number of bytes on the disk. Counters of this type display the 
    '			current percentage only, not an average over time.
    '
    ' Generic type - Instantaneous, Percentage 
    '	    Formula - (N0 / D0), where D represents a measured attribute and N represents one
    '			component of that attribute.
    '
    '		Average - SUM (N / D) /x 
    '		Example - Paging File\% Usage Peak
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal rfSample As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(rfSample.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(rfSample.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator * 100
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine("+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App 



.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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