LOG (Transact-SQL)

LOG (Transact-SQL)

 

THIS TOPIC APPLIES TO: yesSQL Server (starting with 2008)yesAzure SQL DatabaseyesAzure SQL Data Warehouse yesParallel Data Warehouse

Returns the natural logarithm of the specified float expression in SQL Server.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

  
-- SQL Server Syntax  
LOG ( float_expression [, base ] )  

-- Azure SQL Database Syntax  
LOG ( float_expression )  

-- Azure SQL Data Warehouse and Parallel Data Warehouse  
LOG (float_expression )  

float_expression
Is an expression of type float or of a type that can be implicitly converted to float.

base
Optional integer argument that sets the base for the logarithm.

Applies to: SQL Server 2012 through SQL Server 2016.

float

By default, LOG() returns the natural logarithm. Starting with SQL Server 2012, you can change the base of the logarithm to another value by using the optional base parameter.

The natural logarithm is the logarithm to the base e, where e is an irrational constant approximately equal to 2.718281828.

The natural logarithm of the exponential of a number is the number itself: LOG( EXP( n ) ) = n. And the exponential of the natural logarithm of a number is the number itself: EXP( LOG( n ) ) = n.

A. Calculating the logarithm for a number.

The following example calculates the LOG for the specified float expression.

DECLARE @var float = 10;  
SELECT 'The LOG of the variable is: ' + CONVERT(varchar, LOG(@var));  
GO  

Here is the result set.

-------------------------------------  
The LOG of the variable is: 2.30259  
  
(1 row(s) affected)  

B. Calculating the logarithm of the exponent of a number.

The following example calculates the LOG for the exponent of a number.

SELECT LOG (EXP (10));  
  

Here is the result set.

----------------------------------  
10  
(1 row(s) affected)  

C. Calculating the logarithm for a number

The following example calculates the LOG for the specified float expression.

SELECT LOG(10);  

Here is the result set.

----------------

2.30

D. Calculating the logarithm of the exponent of a number

The following example calculates the LOG for the exponent of a number.

SELECT LOG(EXP (10));  

Here is the result set.

---------

10.00

Mathematical Functions (Transact-SQL)
EXP (Transact-SQL)
LOG10 (Transact-SQL)

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