rotate3d() function

Specifies a clockwise 3-D rotation.

CSS Transforms Module, Level 3, Section 13.2Internet Explorer 10




( <number> , <number> , <number> , <angle> )



A component of the direction vector about which the element is rotated.


The angle by which the element is rotated. This value is expressed as a number followed by a supported angle unit.

Standards information


The element rotates by the angle specified in the last parameter, and about the [x,y,z] direction vector described by the first three parameters. If the direction vector is not of unit length, it will be normalized. A direction vector that cannot be normalized, such as [0, 0, 0], results in no rotation.


The following code snippet is an example of the rotate3d function in use. When applied to a square blue div element, it has the effect illustrated in the image. (The light-blue square indicates the original position of the transformed element.)

div {
   transform: rotate3d(0.7, 0.5, 0.7, 45deg);

A square blue div with white text, after having the following transform functions applied to it: -ms-transform: rotate3d(0.7, 0.5, 0.7, 45deg);

See also

Transform Functions
Mathematical Description of Transform Functions
Direct3D: Matrices
Hands On: 3-D Transforms