Objects Own Resources (RAII)


For the latest documentation on Visual Studio 2017 RC, see Visual Studio 2017 RC Documentation.

Make sure that objects own resources. This principle is also known as “resource acquisition is initialization” or “RAII.”

Pass every “new” object as a constructor argument to another named object that owns it (almost always unique_ptr).

void f() {  
  unique_ptr<widget> p( new widget(…) );  
  my_class x( new widget() );  
} // automatic destruction and deallocation for both widget objects  
  // automatic exception safety, as if “finally { p->dispose(); x.w.dispose(); }”  

Always immediately pass any new resource to another object that owns it.

void g() {  
  other_class y( OpenFile() );  
} // automatic closing and release for file resource  
  // automatic exception safety, as if “finally { y.file.dispose(); }”  

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