COleDateTime Class

 

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Encapsulates the DATE data type that is used in OLE automation.

class COleDateTime

Public Constructors

NameDescription
COleDateTime::COleDateTimeConstructs a COleDateTime object.

Public Methods

NameDescription
COleDateTime::FormatGenerates a formatted string representation of a COleDateTime object.
COleDateTime::GetAsDBTIMESTAMPCall this method to obtain the time in the COleDateTime object as a DBTIMESTAMP data structure.
COleDateTime::GetAsSystemTimeCall this method to obtain the time in the COleDateTime object as a SYSTEMTIME data structure.
COleDateTime::GetAsUDATECall this method to obtain the time in the COleDateTime as a UDATE data structure.
COleDateTime::GetCurrentTimeCreates a COleDateTime object that represents the current time (static member function).
COleDateTime::GetDayReturns the day this COleDateTime object represents (1 – 31).
COleDateTime::GetDayOfWeekReturns the day of the week this COleDateTime object represents (Sunday = 1).
COleDateTime::GetDayOfYearReturns the day of the year this COleDateTime object represents (Jan 1 = 1).
COleDateTime::GetHourReturns the hour this COleDateTime object represents (0 – 23).
COleDateTime::GetMinuteReturns the minute this COleDateTime object represents (0 – 59).
COleDateTime::GetMonthReturns the month this COleDateTime object represents (1 – 12).
COleDateTime::GetSecondReturns the second this COleDateTime object represents (0 – 59).
COleDateTime::GetStatusGets the status (validity) of this COleDateTime object.
COleDateTime::GetYearReturns the year this COleDateTime object represents.
COleDateTime::ParseDateTimeReads a date/time value from a string and sets the value of COleDateTime.
COleDateTime::SetDateSets the value of this COleDateTime object to the specified date-only value.
COleDateTime::SetDateTimeSets the value of this COleDateTime object to the specified date/time value.
COleDateTime::SetStatusSets the status (validity) of this COleDateTime object.
COleDateTime::SetTimeSets the value of this COleDateTime object to the specified time-only value.

Public Operators

NameDescription
COleDateTime::operator ==, COleDateTime::operator <, etc.Compare two COleDateTime values.
COleDateTime::operator +, COleDateTime::operator -Add and subtract COleDateTime values.
COleDateTime::operator +=, COleDateTime::operator -=Add and subtract a COleDateTime value from this COleDateTime object.
COleDateTime::operator =Copies a COleDateTime value.
COleDateTime::operator DATE, COleDateTime::operator Date*Converts a COleDateTime value into a DATE or a DATE*.

Public Data Members

NameDescription
COleDateTime::m_dtContains the underlying DATE for this COleDateTime object.
COleDateTime::m_statusContains the status of this COleDateTime object.

COleDateTime does not have a base class.

It is one of the possible types for the VARIANT data type of OLE automation. A COleDateTime value represents an absolute date and time value.

The DATE type is implemented as a floating-point value. Days are measured from December 30, 1899, at midnight. The following table shows some dates and their associated values:

DateValue
December 29, 1899, midnight-1.0
December 29, 1899, 6 A.M-1.25
December 30, 1899, midnight0.0
December 31, 1899, midnight1.0
January 1, 1900, 6 A.M.2.25
System_CAPS_ICON_caution.jpg Caution

Note in the table above that although day values become negative before midnight on December 30, 1899, time-of-day values do not. For example, 6:00 AM is always represented by a fractional value 0.25 regardless of whether the integer representing the day is positive (after December 30, 1899) or negative (before December 30, 1899). This means that a simple floating point comparison would erroneously sort a COleDateTime representing 6:00 AM on 12/29/1899 as later than one representing 7:00 AM on the same day.

The COleDateTime class handles dates from January 1, 100, through December 31, 9999. The COleDateTime class uses the Gregorian calendar; it does not support Julian dates. COleDateTime ignores Daylight Saving Time. (See Date and Time: Automation Support.)

System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note

You can use the %y format to retrieve a two-digit year only for dates starting at 1900. If you use the %y format on a date before 1900, the code generates an ASSERT failure.

This type is also used to represent date-only or time-only values. By convention, the date 0 (December 30, 1899) is used for time-only values and the time 00:00 (midnight) is used for date-only values.

If you create a COleDateTime object by using a date less than 100, the date is accepted, but subsequent calls to GetYear, GetMonth, GetDay, GetHour, GetMinute, and GetSecond fail and return -1. Previously, you could use two-digit dates, but dates must be 100 or larger in MFC 4.2 and later.

To avoid problems, specify a four-digit date. For example:

   COleDateTime mytime(1996, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0); 

Basic arithmetic operations for the COleDateTime values use the companion class COleDateTimeSpan. COleDateTimeSpan values define a time interval. The relationship between these classes is similar to the one between CTime and CTimeSpan.

For more information about the COleDateTime and COleDateTimeSpan classes, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Header: ATLComTime.h

Comparison operators.

bool operator==(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();
bool operator!=(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();
bool operator<(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();
bool operator>(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();
bool operator<=(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();
bool operator>=(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();

Parameters

date
The COleDateTime object to be compared.

Remarks

System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note

An ATLASSERT will occur if either of the two operands is invalid.

Example

   COleDateTime dateOne(1995, 3, 15, 12, 0, 0); // 15 March 1995 12 noon
   COleDateTime dateTwo(dateOne);             // 15 March 1995 12 noon
   BOOL b;
   b = dateOne == dateTwo;                    // TRUE
   b = dateOne < dateTwo;                     // FALSE, same value
   b = dateOne > dateTwo;                     // FALSE, same value
   b = dateOne <= dateTwo;                    // TRUE, same value
   b = dateOne >= dateTwo;                    // TRUE, same value   

   dateTwo.SetStatus(COleDateTime::invalid);
   b = dateOne == dateTwo;                    // FALSE, different status
   b = dateOne != dateTwo;                    // TRUE, different status

Example

The operators >=, <=, >, and <, will assert if the COleDateTime object is set to null.

   VARIANT v = {};
   v.vt = VT_NULL;
   COleDateTime t1(v);
   COleDateTime t2(v);
   t1 = t1 + t2;

Constructs a COleDateTime object.

COleDateTime() throw();
COleDateTime(const VARIANT& varSrc) throw();
COleDateTime(DATE dtSrc) throw();
COleDateTime(time_t timeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime(__time64_t timeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime(const SYSTEMTIME& systimeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime(const FILETIME& filetimeSrc) throw();

COleDateTime(int nYear,
    int nMonth,
    int nDay,
    int nHour,
    int nMin,
    int nSec) throw();

COleDateTime(WORD wDosDate,
    WORD wDosTime) throw();
COleDateTime(const DBTIMESTAMP& dbts) throw();

Parameters

dateSrc
An existing COleDateTime object to be copied into the new COleDateTime object.

varSrc
An existing VARIANT data structure (possibly a COleVariant object) to be converted to a date/time value ( VT_DATE) and copied into the new COleDateTime object.

dtSrc
A date/time ( DATE) value to be copied into the new COleDateTime object.

timeSrc
A time_t or __time64_t value to be converted to a date/time value and copied into the new COleDateTime object.

systimeSrc
A SYSTEMTIME structure to be converted to a date/time value and copied into the new COleDateTime object.

filetimeSrc
A FILETIME structure to be converted to a date/time value and copied into the new COleDateTime object. Note that FILETIME uses Universal Coordinated Time (UTC), so if you pass a local time in the structure, your results will be incorrect. See File Times in the Windows SDK for more information.

nYear, nMonth, nDay, nHour, nMin, nSec
Indicate the date and time values to be copied into the new COleDateTime object.

wDosDate, wDosTime
MS-DOS date and time values to be converted to a date/time value and copied into the new COleDateTime object.

dbts
A reference to a DBTimeStamp structure containing the current local time.

Remarks

All these constructors create new COleDateTime objects initialized to the specified value. The following table shows valid ranges for each date and time component:

Date/time componentValid range
year100 – 9999
month0 – 12
day0 – 31
hour0 – 23
minute0 – 59
second0 – 59

Note that the actual upper bound for the day component varies based on the month and year components. For details, see the SetDate or SetDateTime member functions.

Following is a brief description of each constructor:

  • COleDateTime( ) Constructs a COleDateTime object initialized to 0 (midnight, 30 December 1899).

  • COleDateTime( dateSrc ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from an existing COleDateTime object.

  • COleDateTime( varSrc ) Constructs a COleDateTime object. Attempts to convert a VARIANT structure or COleVariant object to a date/time ( VT_DATE) value. If this conversion is successful, the converted value is copied into the new COleDateTime object. If it is not, the value of the COleDateTime object is set to 0 (midnight, 30 December 1899) and its status to invalid.

  • COleDateTime( dtSrc ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from a DATE value.

  • COleDateTime( timeSrc ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from a time_t value.

  • COleDateTime( systimeSrc ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from a SYSTEMTIME value.

  • COleDateTime( filetimeSrc ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from a FILETIME value. . Note that FILETIME uses Universal Coordinated Time (UTC), so if you pass a local time in the structure, your results will be incorrect. See File Times in the Windows SDK for more information.

  • COleDateTime( nYear, nMonth, nDay, nHour, nMin, nSec ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from the specified numerical values.

  • COleDateTime( wDosDate, wDosTime ) Constructs a COleDateTime object from the specified MS-DOS date and time values.

For more information on the time_t data type, see the time function in the Run-Time Library Reference.

For more information, see the SYSTEMTIME and FILETIME structures in the Windows SDK.

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note

The constructor using DBTIMESTAMP parameter is only available when OLEDB.h is included.

Example

   time_t osBinaryTime;   // C run-time time (defined in <time.h>)
   time(&osBinaryTime);   // Get the current time from the 
                        // operating system.

   COleDateTime time1;   // initialized to 00:00am, 30 December 1899
                        // (and m_nStatus is valid!)

   COleDateTime time2 = time1; // Copy constructor
   COleDateTime time3(osBinaryTime);   // from time_t
   COleDateTime time4(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0); // 10:15PM March 19, 1999

   SYSTEMTIME sysTime;   // Win32 time information
   GetSystemTime(&sysTime);

   COleDateTime time5(sysTime);    

Creates a formatted representation of the date/time value.

CString Format(DWORD dwFlags = 0,  LCID lcid = LANG_USER_DEFAULT) const;
CString Format(LPCTSTR lpszFormat) const;
CString Format(UINT nFormatID) const;

Parameters

dwFlags
Indicates one of the following locale flags:

  • LOCALE_NOUSEROVERRIDE Use the system default locale settings, instead of custom user settings.

  • VAR_TIMEVALUEONLY Ignore the date portion during parsing.

  • VAR_DATEVALUEONLY Ignore the time portion during parsing.

lcid
Indicates locale ID to use for the conversion. For more information about language identifiers, see Language Identifiers.

lpszFormat
A formatting string similar to the printf formatting string. Each formatting code, preceded by a percent ( %) sign, is replaced by the corresponding COleDateTime component. Other characters in the formatting string are copied unchanged to the returned string. See the run-time function strftime for more information. The value and meaning of the formatting codes for Format are:

  • %H Hours in the current day

  • %M Minutes in the current hour

  • %S Seconds in the current minute

  • %% Percent sign

nFormatID
The resource ID for the format-control string.

Return Value

A CString that contains the formatted date/time value.

Remarks

If the status of this COleDateTime object is null, the return value is an empty string. If the status is invalid, the return string is specified by the string resource ATL_IDS_DATETIME_INVALID.

A brief description of the three forms for this function follows:

Format( dwFlags, lcid)
This form formats the value by using the language specifications (locale IDs) for date and time. Using the default parameters, this form will print the date and the time, unless the time portion is 0 (midnight), in which case it will print just the date, or the date portion is 0 (30 December 1899), in which case it will print just the time. If the date/time value is 0 (30 December 1899, midnight), this form with the default parameters will print midnight.

Format( lpszFormat)
This form formats the value by using the format string which contains special formatting codes that are preceded by a percent sign (%), as in printf. The formatting string is passed as a parameter to the function. For more information about the formatting codes, see strftime, wcsftime in the Run-Time Library Reference.

Format( nFormatID)
This form formats the value by using the format string which contains special formatting codes that are preceded by a percent sign (%), as in printf. The formatting string is a resource. The ID of this string resource is passed as the parameter. For more information about the formatting codes, see strftime, wcsftime in the Run-Time Library Reference.

Example

   COleDateTime t(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0);

   CString str = t.Format(_T("%A, %B %d, %Y"));
   ASSERT(str == _T("Friday, March 19, 1999"));   

Call this method to obtain the time in the COleDateTime object as a DBTIMESTAMP data structure.

bool GetAsDBTIMESTAMP(DBTIMESTAMP& dbts) const throw();

Parameters

dbts
A reference to a DBTimeStamp structure.

Return Value

Nonzero if successful; otherwise 0.

Remarks

Stores the resulting time in the referenced dbts structure. The DBTIMESTAMP data structure initialized by this function will have its fraction member set to zero.

Example

   COleDateTime t = COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime();
   DBTIMESTAMP ts;
   t.GetAsDBTIMESTAMP(ts); // retrieves the time in t into the ts structure

Call this method to obtain the time in the COleDateTime object as a SYSTEMTIME data structure.

bool GetAsSystemTime(SYSTEMTIME& sysTime) const throw();

Parameters

sysTime
A reference to a SYSTEMTIME structure to receive the converted date/time value from the COleDateTime object.

Return Value

Returns true if successful; false if the conversion fails, or if the COleDateTime object is NULL or invalid.

Remarks

GetAsSystemTime stores the resulting time in the referenced sysTime object. The SYSTEMTIME data structure initialized by this function will have its wMilliseconds member set to zero.

See GetStatus for more information on the status information held in a COleDateTime object.

Call this method to obtain the time in the COleDateTime object as a UDATE data structure.

bool GetAsUDATE(UDATE& udate) const throw();

Parameters

udate
A reference to a UDATE structure to receive the converted date/time value from the COleDateTime object.

Return Value

Returns true if successful; false if the conversion fails, or if the COleDateTime object is NULL or invalid.

Remarks

A UDATE structure represents an "unpacked" date.

Call this static member function to return the current date/time value.

static COleDateTime WINAPI GetCurrentTime() throw();

Example

   // example for COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime
   COleDateTime dateTest;
      // dateTest value = midnight 30 December 1899

   dateTest = COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime();
      // dateTest value = current date and time

   // a second example for COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime
   // Since GetCurrentTime() is a static member, you can use it in
   // a constructor:

   COleDateTime t1 = COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime();
   COleDateTime t2(COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime());

   // Or in a normal assignment operator

   COleDateTime t3;
   t3 = COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime();

   // or even in an expression

    if (COleDateTime::GetCurrentTime().GetDayOfWeek() == 6)
       _tprintf(_T("Thank Goodness it is Friday!\n\n"));   

Gets the day of the month represented by this date/time value.

int GetDay() const throw();

Return Value

The day of the month represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the day could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 1 and 31.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

   COleDateTime t(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0);  // 10:15PM March 19, 1999
   ASSERT(t.GetDay() == 19);
   ASSERT(t.GetMonth() == 3);
   ASSERT(t.GetYear() == 1999);   

Gets the day of the month represented by this date/time value.

int GetDayOfWeek() const throw();

Return Value

The day of the week represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the day of the week could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 1 and 7, where 1=Sunday, 2=Monday, and so on.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

   COleDateTime t(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0); // 10:15PM March 19, 1999
   ASSERT(t.GetDayOfWeek() == 6);          // it's a Friday   

Gets the day of the year represented by this date/time value.

int GetDayOfYear() const throw();

Return Value

The day of the year represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the day of the year could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 1 and 366, where January 1 = 1.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

   COleDateTime t(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0); // 10:15PM March 19, 1999
   ASSERT(t.GetDayOfYear() == 78);         // 78th day of that year   

Gets the hour represented by this date/time value.

int GetHour() const throw();

Return Value

The hour represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the hour could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 0 and 23.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

   COleDateTime t(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0);  // 10:15PM March 19, 1999
   ASSERT(t.GetSecond() == 0);
   ASSERT(t.GetMinute() == 15);
   ASSERT(t.GetHour() == 22);   

Gets the minute represented by this date/time value.

int GetMinute() const throw();

Return Value

The minute represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the minute could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 0 and 59.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

See the example for GetHour.

Gets the month represented by this date/time value.

int GetMonth() const throw();

Return Value

The month represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the month could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 1 and 12.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

See the example for GetDay.

Gets the second represented by this date/time value.

int GetSecond() const throw();

Return Value

The second represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the second could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 0 and 59.

System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note

The COleDateTime class does not support leap seconds.

For more information about the implementation for COleDateTime, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

Example

See the example for GetHour.

Gets the status (validity) of a given COleDateTime object.

DateTimeStatus GetStatus() const throw();

Return Value

Returns the status of this COleDateTime value. If you call GetStatus on a COleDateTime object constructed with the default, it will return valid. If you call GetStatus on a COleDateTime object initialized with the constructor set to null, GetStatus will return null. See Remarks for more information.

Remarks

The return value is defined by the DateTimeStatus enumerated type, which is defined within the COleDateTime class.

enum DateTimeStatus

{

error = -1,

valid = 0,

invalid = 1, // Invalid date (out of range, etc.)

null = 2, // Literally has no value

};

For a brief description of these status values, see the following list:

  • COleDateTime::error Indicates that an error occurred while attempting to obtain part of the date/time value.

  • COleDateTime::valid Indicates that this COleDateTime object is valid.

  • COleDateTime::invalid Indicates that this COleDateTime object is invalid; that is, its value may be incorrect.

  • COleDateTime::null Indicates that this COleDateTime object is null, that is, that no value has been supplied for this object. (This is "null" in the database sense of "having no value," as opposed to the C++ NULL.)

The status of a COleDateTime object is invalid in the following cases:

  • If its value is set from a VARIANT or COleVariant value that could not be converted to a date/time value.

  • If its value is set from a time_t, SYSTEMTIME, or FILETIME value that could not be converted to a valid date/time value.

  • If its value is set by SetDateTime with invalid parameter values.

  • If this object has experienced an overflow or underflow during an arithmetic assignment operation, namely, += or -=.

  • If an invalid value was assigned to this object.

  • If the status of this object was explicitly set to invalid using SetStatus.

For more information about the operations that may set the status to invalid, see the following member functions:

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Example

   COleDateTime t;

   // this one is a leap year
   t.SetDateTime(2000, 2, 29, 5, 0, 0);
   ASSERT(t.GetStatus() == COleDateTime::valid);

   // this date isn't valid
   t.SetDateTime(1925, 2, 30, 5, 0, 0);
   ASSERT(t.GetStatus() == COleDateTime::invalid);

   // the only way to set null is to set null!
   t.SetStatus(COleDateTime::null);
   ASSERT(t.GetStatus() == COleDateTime::null);   

Gets the year represented by this date/time value.

int GetYear() const throw();

Return Value

The year represented by the value of this COleDateTime object or COleDateTime::error if the year could not be obtained.

Remarks

Valid return values range between 100 and 9999, which includes the century.

For information on other member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Example

See the example for GetDay.

The underlying DATE structure for this COleDateTime object.

DATE m_dt;

Remarks

System_CAPS_ICON_caution.jpg Caution

Changing the value in the DATE object accessed by the pointer returned by this function will change the value of this COleDateTime object. It does not change the status of this COleDateTime object.

For more information about the implementation of the DATE object, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Contains the status of this COleDateTime object.

DateTimeStatus m_status;

Remarks

The type of this data member is the enumerated type DateTimeStatus, which is defined within the COleDateTime class. See COleDateTime::GetStatus for details.

System_CAPS_ICON_caution.jpg Caution

This data member is for advanced programming situations. You should use the inline member functions GetStatus and SetStatus. See SetStatus for further cautions regarding explicitly setting this data member.

Copies a COleDateTime value.

COleDateTime& operator=(const VARIANT& varSrc) throw();
COleDateTime& operator=(DATE dtSrc) throw();
COleDateTime& operator=(const time_t& timeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime& operator=(const __time64_t& timeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime& operator=(const SYSTEMTIME& systimeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime& operator=(const FILETIME& filetimeSrc) throw();
COleDateTime& operator=(const UDATE& udate) throw();

Remarks

These overloaded assignment operators copy the source date/time value into this COleDateTime object. A brief description of each these overloaded assignment operators follows:

  • operator =( dateSrc ) The value and status of the operand are copied into this COleDateTime object.

  • operator =( varSrc ) If the conversion of the VARIANT value (or COleVariant object) to a date/time ( VT_DATE) is successful, the converted value is copied into this COleDateTime object and its status is set to valid. If the conversion is not successful, the value of this object is set to zero (30 December 1899, midnight) and its status to invalid.

  • operator =( dtSrc ) The DATE value is copied into this COleDateTime object and its status is set to valid.

  • operator =( timeSrc ) The time_t or __time64_t value is converted and copied into this COleDateTime object. If the conversion is successful, the status of this object is set to valid; if unsuccessful, it is set to invalid.

  • operator =( systimeSrc ) The SYSTEMTIME value is converted and copied into this COleDateTime object. If the conversion is successful, the status of this object is set to valid; if unsuccessful, it is set to invalid.

  • operator =( udate ) The UDATE value is converted and copied into this COleDateTime object. If the conversion is successful, the status of this object is set to valid; if unsuccessful, it is set to invalid. A UDATE structure represents an "unpacked" date. See the function VarDateFromUdate for more details.

  • operator =( filetimeSrc ) The FILETIME value is converted and copied into this COleDateTime object. If the conversion is successful, the status of this object is set to valid; otherwise it is set to invalid. FILETIME uses Universal Coordinated Time (UTC), so if you pass a UTC time in the structure, your results will be converted from UTC time to local time, and will be stored as variant time. This behavior is the same as in Visual C++ 6.0 and Visual C++.NET 2003 SP2. See File Times in the Windows SDK for more information.

For more information, see the VARIANT entry in the Windows SDK.

For more information on the time_t data type, see the time function in the Run-Time Library Reference.

For more information, see the SYSTEMTIME and FILETIME structures in the Windows SDK.

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Add and subtract ColeDateTime values.

COleDateTime operator+(COleDateTimeSpan dateSpan) const throw();
COleDateTime operator-(COleDateTimeSpan dateSpan) const throw();
COleDateTimeSpan operator-(const COleDateTime& date) const throw();

Remarks

COleDateTime objects represent absolute times. COleDateTimeSpan objects represent relative times. The first two operators allow you to add and subtract a COleDateTimeSpan value from a COleDateTime value. The third operator allows you to subtract one COleDateTime value from another to yield a COleDateTimeSpan value.

If either of the operands is null, the status of the resulting COleDateTime value is null.

If the resulting COleDateTime value falls outside the bounds of acceptable values, the status of that COleDateTime value is invalid.

If either of the operands is invalid and the other is not null, the status of the resulting COleDateTime value is invalid.

The + and - operators will assert if the COleDateTime object is set to null. See COleDateTime Relational Operators for an example.

For more information on the valid, invalid, and null status values, see the m_status member variable.

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Example

   COleDateTime t1(1999, 3, 19, 22, 15, 0); // 10:15PM March 19, 1999
   COleDateTime t2(1999, 3, 20, 22, 15, 0); // 10:15PM March 20, 1999

   // Subtract 2 COleDateTimes
   COleDateTimeSpan ts = t2 - t1;

   // one day is 24 * 60 * 60 == 86400 seconds
   ASSERT(ts.GetTotalSeconds() == 86400L);

   // Add a COleDateTimeSpan to a COleDateTime.
   ASSERT((t1 + ts) == t2);

   // Subtract a COleDateTimeSpan from a COleDateTime.
   ASSERT((t2 - ts) == t1);   

Add and subtract a ColeDateTime value from this COleDateTime object.

COleDateTime& operator+=(COleDateTimeSpan dateSpan) throw();
COleDateTime& operator-=(COleDateTimeSpan dateSpan) throw();

Remarks

These operators allow you to add and subtract a COleDateTimeSpan value to and from this COleDateTime. If either of the operands is null, the status of the resulting COleDateTime value is null.

If the resulting COleDateTime value falls outside the bounds of acceptable values, the status of this COleDateTime value is set to invalid.

If either of the operands is invalid and other is not null, the status of the resulting COleDateTime value is invalid.

For more information on the valid, invalid, and null status values, see the m_status member variable.

The += and -= operators will assert if the COleDateTime object is set to null. See COleDateTime Relational Operators for an example.

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Converts a ColeDateTime value into a DATE.

operator DATE() const throw();

Remarks

This operator returns a DATE object whose value is copied from this COleDateTime object. For more information about the implementation of the DATE object, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

The DATE operator will assert if the COleDateTime object is set to null. See COleDateTime Relational Operators for an example.

Parses a string to read a date/time value.

bool ParseDateTime(  
 LPCTSTR lpszDate,
 DWORD dwFlags = 0,
 LCID lcid = LANG_USER_DEFAULT) throw();

Parameters

lpszDate
A pointer to the null-terminated string which is to be parsed. For details, see Remarks.

dwFlags
Indicates flags for locale settings and parsing. One or more of the following flags:

  • LOCALE_NOUSEROVERRIDE Use the system default locale settings, rather than custom user settings.

  • VAR_TIMEVALUEONLY Ignore the date portion during parsing.

  • VAR_DATEVALUEONLY Ignore the time portion during parsing.

lcid
Indicates locale ID to use for the conversion.

Return Value

Returns true if the string was successfully converted to a date/time value, otherwise false.

Remarks

If the string was successfully converted to a date/time value, the value of this COleDateTime object is set to that value and its status to valid.

System_CAPS_ICON_note.jpg Note

Year values must lie between 100 and 9999, inclusively.

The lpszDate parameter can take a variety of formats. For example, the following strings contain acceptable date/time formats:

"25 January 1996"

"8:30:00"

"20:30:00"

"January 25, 1996 8:30:00"

"8:30:00 Jan. 25, 1996"

"1/25/1996 8:30:00" // always specify the full year,

// even in a 'short date' format

Note that the locale ID will also affect whether the string format is acceptable for conversion to a date/time value.

In the case of VAR_DATEVALUEONLY, the time value is set to time 0, or midnight. In the case of VAR_TIMEVALUEONLY, the date value is set to date 0, meaning 30 December 1899.

If the string could not be converted to a date/time value or if there was a numerical overflow, the status of this COleDateTime object is invalid.

For more information about the bounds and implementation for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Sets the date of this COleDateTime object.

int SetDate(  
 int nYear,
 int nMonth,
 int nDay) throw();

Parameters

nYear, nMonth, nDay
Indicate the date components to be copied into this COleDateTime object.

Return Value

Zero if the value of this COleDateTime object was set successfully; otherwise, 1. This return value is based on the DateTimeStatus enumerated type. For more information, see the SetStatus member function.

Remarks

The date is set to the specified values. The time is set to time 0, midnight.

See the following table for bounds for the parameter values:

ParameterBounds
nYear100 – 9999
nMonth1 – 12
nDay0 – 31

If the day of the month overflows, it is converted to the correct day of the next month and the month and/or year is incremented accordingly. A day value of zero indicates the last day of the previous month. The behavior is the same as SystemTimeToVariantTime.

If the date value specified by the parameters is not valid, the status of this object is set to COleDateTime::invalid. You should use GetStatus to check the validity of the DATE value and should not assume that the value of m_dt will remain unmodified.

Here are some examples of date values:

nYearnMonthnDayValue
200022929 February 2000
1776744 July 1776
192543535 April 1925 (invalid date)
10000111 January 10000 (invalid date)

To set both date and time, see COleDateTime::SetDateTime.

For information on member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Example

   // set only the date, time set to midnight
   dt.SetDate(1999, 3, 19);
   ASSERT(dt.GetYear() == 1999);
   ASSERT(dt.GetDay() == 19);
   ASSERT(dt.GetMonth() == 3);
   ASSERT(dt.GetHour() == 0);
   ASSERT(dt.GetMinute() == 0);
   ASSERT(dt.GetSecond() == 0);

   // setting the time only resets the date to 1899!
   dt.SetTime(22, 15, 0);
   ASSERT(dt.GetYear() == 1899);
   ASSERT(dt.GetDay() == 30);
   ASSERT(dt.GetMonth() == 12);
   ASSERT(dt.GetHour() == 22);
   ASSERT(dt.GetMinute() == 15);
   ASSERT(dt.GetSecond() == 0);   

Sets the date and time of this COleDateTime object.

int SetDateTime(  
 int nYear,
 int nMonth,
 int nDay,
 int nHour,
 int nMin,
 int nSec) throw();

Parameters

nYear, nMonth, nDay, nHour, nMin, nSec
Indicate the date and time components to be copied into this COleDateTime object.

Return Value

Zero if the value of this COleDateTime object was set successfully; otherwise, 1. This return value is based on the DateTimeStatus enumerated type. For more information, see the SetStatus member function.

Remarks

See the following table for bounds for the parameter values:

ParameterBounds
nYear100 – 9999
nMonth1 – 12
nDay0 – 31
nHour0 – 23
nMin0 – 59
nSec0 – 59

If the day of the month overflows, it is converted to the correct day of the next month and the month and/or year is incremented accordingly. A day value of zero indicates the last day of the previous month. The behavior is the same as SystemTimeToVariantTime.

If the date or time value specified by the parameters is not valid, the status of this object is set to invalid and the value of this object is not changed.

Here are some examples of time values:

nHournMinnSecValue
13301:03:03
2345023:45:00
25300Invalid
9600Invalid

Here are some examples of date values:

nYearnMonthnDayValue
199541515 April 1995
178971417 July 1789
1925230Invalid
1000011Invalid

To set the date only, see COleDateTime::SetDate. To set the time only, see COleDateTime::SetTime.

For information on member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Example

See the example for GetStatus.

Sets the status of this COleDateTime object.

void SetStatus(DateTimeStatus status) throw();

Parameters

status
The new status value for this COleDateTime object.

Remarks

The status parameter value is defined by the DateTimeStatus enumerated type, which is defined within the COleDateTime class. See COleDateTime::GetStatus for details.

System_CAPS_ICON_caution.jpg Caution

This function is for advanced programming situations. This function does not alter the data in this object. It will most often be used to set the status to null or invalid. Note that the assignment operator ( operator =) and SetDateTime do set the status of the object based on the source value(s).

Example

See the example for GetStatus.

Sets the time of this COleDateTime object.

int SetTime(  
 int nHour,
 int nMin,
 int nSec) throw();

Parameters

nHour, nMin, nSec
Indicate the time components to be copied into this COleDateTime object.

Return Value

Zero if the value of this COleDateTime object was set successfully; otherwise, 1. This return value is based on the DateTimeStatus enumerated type. For more information, see the SetStatus member function.

Remarks

The time is set to the specified values. The date is set to date 0, meaning 30 December 1899.

See the following table for bounds for the parameter values:

ParameterBounds
nHour0 – 23
nMin0 – 59
nSec0 – 59

If the time value specified by the parameters is not valid, the status of this object is set to invalid and the value of this object is not changed.

Here are some examples of time values:

nHournMinnSecValue
13301:03:03
2345023:45:00
25300Invalid
9600Invalid

To set both date and time, see COleDateTime::SetDateTime.

For information on member functions that query the value of this COleDateTime object, see the following member functions:

For more information about the bounds for COleDateTime values, see the article Date and Time: Automation Support.

Example

See the example for SetDate.

COleVariant Class
CTime Class
CTimeSpan Class
Hierarchy Chart
ATL/MFC Shared Classes

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