CButton Class

 

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Provides the functionality of Windows button controls.

class CButton : public CWnd  

Public Constructors

NameDescription
CButton::CButtonConstructs a CButton object.

Public Methods

NameDescription
CButton::CreateCreates the Windows button control and attaches it to the CButton object.
CButton::DrawItemOverride to draw an owner-drawn CButton object.
CButton::GetBitmapRetrieves the handle of the bitmap previously set with SetBitmap.
CButton::GetButtonStyleRetrieves information about the button control style.
CButton::GetCheckRetrieves the check state of a button control.
CButton::GetCursorRetrieves the handle of the cursor image previously set with SetCursor.
CButton::GetIconRetrieves the handle of the icon previously set with SetIcon.
CButton::GetIdealSizeRetrieves the ideal size of the button control.
CButton::GetImageListRetrieves the image list of the button control.
CButton::GetNoteRetrieves the note component of the current command link control.
CButton::GetNoteLengthRetrieves the length of the note text for the current command link control.
CButton::GetSplitGlyphRetrieves the glyph associated with the current split button control.
CButton::GetSplitImageListRetrieves the image list for the current split button control.
CButton::GetSplitInfoRetrieves information that defines the current split button control.
CButton::GetSplitSizeRetrieves the bounding rectangle of the drop-down component of the current split button control.
CButton::GetSplitStyleRetrieves the split button styles that define the current split button control.
CButton::GetStateRetrieves the check state, highlight state, and focus state of a button control.
CButton::GetTextMarginRetrieves the text margin of the button control.
CButton::SetBitmapSpecifies a bitmap to be displayed on the button.
CButton::SetButtonStyleChanges the style of a button.
CButton::SetCheckSets the check state of a button control.
CButton::SetCursorSpecifies a cursor image to be displayed on the button.
CButton::SetDropDownStateSets the drop-down state of the current split button control.
CButton::SetIconSpecifies an icon to be displayed on the button.
CButton::SetImageListSets the image list of the button control.
CButton::SetNoteSets the note on the current command link control.
CButton::SetSplitGlyphAssociates a specified glyph with the current split button control.
CButton::SetSplitImageListAssociates an image list with the current split button control.
CButton::SetSplitInfoSpecifies information that defines the current split button control.
CButton::SetSplitSizeSets the bounding rectangle of the drop-down component of the current split button control.
CButton::SetSplitStyleSets the style of the current split button control.
CButton::SetStateSets the highlighting state of a button control.
CButton::SetTextMarginSets the text margin of the button control.

A button control is a small, rectangular child window that can be clicked on and off. Buttons can be used alone or in groups and can either be labeled or appear without text. A button typically changes appearance when the user clicks it.

Typical buttons are the check box, radio button, and pushbutton. A CButton object can become any of these, according to the button style specified at its initialization by the Create member function.

In addition, the CBitmapButton class derived from CButton supports creation of button controls labeled with bitmap images instead of text. A CBitmapButton can have separate bitmaps for a button's up, down, focused, and disabled states.

You can create a button control either from a dialog template or directly in your code. In both cases, first call the constructor CButton to construct the CButton object; then call the Create member function to create the Windows button control and attach it to the CButton object.

Construction can be a one-step process in a class derived from CButton. Write a constructor for the derived class and call Create from within the constructor.

If you want to handle Windows notification messages sent by a button control to its parent (usually a class derived from CDialog), add a message-map entry and message-handler member function to the parent class for each message.

Each message-map entry takes the following form:

ON_Notification (id, memberFxn)

where id specifies the child window ID of the control sending the notification and memberFxn is the name of the parent member function you have written to handle the notification.

The parent's function prototype is as follows:

afx_msg void memberFxn ( );

Potential message-map entries are as follows:

Map entrySent to parent when...
ON_BN_CLICKEDThe user clicks a button.
ON_BN_DOUBLECLICKEDThe user double-clicks a button.

If you create a CButton object from a dialog resource, the CButton object is automatically destroyed when the user closes the dialog box.

If you create a CButton object within a window, you may need to destroy it. If you create the CButton object on the heap by using the new function, you must call delete on the object to destroy it when the user closes the Windows button control. If you create the CButton object on the stack, or it is embedded in the parent dialog object, it is destroyed automatically.

CObject

CCmdTarget

CWnd

CButton

Header: afxwin.h

Constructs a CButton object.

CButton();

Example

   // Declare a button object.
   CButton myButton;

Creates the Windows button control and attaches it to the CButton object.

virtual BOOL Create(
    LPCTSTR lpszCaption,  
    DWORD dwStyle,  
    const RECT& rect,  
    CWnd* pParentWnd,  
    UINT nID);

Parameters

lpszCaption
Specifies the button control's text.

dwStyle
Specifies the button control's style. Apply any combination of button styles to the button.

rect
Specifies the button control's size and position. It can be either a CRect object or a RECT structure.

pParentWnd
Specifies the button control's parent window, usually a CDialog. It must not be NULL.

nID
Specifies the button control's ID.

Return Value

Nonzero if successful; otherwise 0.

Remarks

You construct a CButton object in two steps. First, call the constructor and then call Create, which creates the Windows button control and attaches it to the CButton object.

If the WS_VISIBLE style is given, Windows sends the button control all the messages required to activate and show the button.

Apply the following window styles to a button control:

  • WS_CHILD Always

  • WS_VISIBLE Usually

  • WS_DISABLED Rarely

  • WS_GROUP To group controls

  • WS_TABSTOP To include the button in the tabbing order

Example

   CButton myButton1, myButton2, myButton3, myButton4;

   // Create a push button.
   myButton1.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_PUSHBUTTON, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Create a radio button.
   myButton2.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_RADIOBUTTON, 
      CRect(10,40,100,70), pParentWnd, 2);

   // Create an auto 3-state button.
   myButton3.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_AUTO3STATE, 
      CRect(10,70,100,100), pParentWnd, 3);

   // Create an auto check box.
   myButton4.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_AUTOCHECKBOX, 
      CRect(10,100,100,130), pParentWnd, 4);

Called by the framework when a visual aspect of an owner-drawn button has changed.

virtual void DrawItem(LPDRAWITEMSTRUCT lpDrawItemStruct);

Parameters

lpDrawItemStruct
A long pointer to a DRAWITEMSTRUCT structure. The structure contains information about the item to be drawn and the type of drawing required.

Remarks

An owner-drawn button has the BS_OWNERDRAW style set. Override this member function to implement drawing for an owner-drawn CButton object. The application should restore all graphics device interface (GDI) objects selected for the display context supplied in lpDrawItemStruct before the member function terminates.

Also see the BS_ style values.

Example

// NOTE: CMyButton is a class derived from CButton. The CMyButton
// object was created as follows:
//
// CMyButton myButton;
// myButton.Create(_T("My button"), 
//      WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_PUSHBUTTON|BS_OWNERDRAW, 
//      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);
//

// This example implements the DrawItem method for a CButton-derived 
// class that draws the button's text using the color red.
void CMyButton::DrawItem(LPDRAWITEMSTRUCT lpDrawItemStruct) 
{
   UINT uStyle = DFCS_BUTTONPUSH;

   // This code only works with buttons.
   ASSERT(lpDrawItemStruct->CtlType == ODT_BUTTON);

   // If drawing selected, add the pushed style to DrawFrameControl.
   if (lpDrawItemStruct->itemState & ODS_SELECTED)
      uStyle |= DFCS_PUSHED;

   // Draw the button frame.
   ::DrawFrameControl(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, &lpDrawItemStruct->rcItem, 
      DFC_BUTTON, uStyle);

   // Get the button's text.
   CString strText;
   GetWindowText(strText);

   // Draw the button text using the text color red.
   COLORREF crOldColor = ::SetTextColor(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, RGB(255,0,0));
   ::DrawText(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, strText, strText.GetLength(), 
      &lpDrawItemStruct->rcItem, DT_SINGLELINE|DT_VCENTER|DT_CENTER);
   ::SetTextColor(lpDrawItemStruct->hDC, crOldColor);
}

Call this member function to get the handle of a bitmap, previously set with SetBitmap, that is associated with a button.

HBITMAP GetBitmap() const;

 

Return Value

A handle to a bitmap. NULL if no bitmap is previously specified.

Example

   CButton myBitmapButton;

   // Create a bitmap button.
   myBitmapButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_BITMAP, 
      CRect(10,10,60,50), pParentWnd, 1);

   // If no bitmap is defined for the button, define the bitmap to the
   // system close bitmap.
   if (myBitmapButton.GetBitmap() == NULL)
      myBitmapButton.SetBitmap(::LoadBitmap(NULL, MAKEINTRESOURCE(OBM_CLOSE)));

Retrieves information about the button control style.

UINT GetButtonStyle() const;

 

Return Value

Returns the button styles for this CButton object. This function returns only the BS_ style values, not any of the other window styles.

Example

   CButton myRadioButton;

   // Create a radio button.
   myRadioButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_RADIOBUTTON, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Change the button style to use one of the "auto" styles; for
   // push button, change to def push button.
   UINT uStyle = myRadioButton.GetButtonStyle();
   if (uStyle == BS_PUSHBUTTON)
      uStyle = BS_DEFPUSHBUTTON;
   else if (uStyle == BS_RADIOBUTTON)
      uStyle = BS_AUTORADIOBUTTON;
   else if (uStyle == BS_CHECKBOX)
      uStyle = BS_AUTOCHECKBOX;
   else if (uStyle == BS_3STATE)
      uStyle = BS_AUTO3STATE;

   // Change the button style to the one wanted.
   myRadioButton.SetButtonStyle(uStyle);

Retrieves the check state of a radio button or check box.

int GetCheck() const;

 

Return Value

The return value from a button control created with the BS_AUTOCHECKBOX, BS_AUTORADIOBUTTON, BS_AUTO3STATE, BS_CHECKBOX, BS_RADIOBUTTON, or BS_3STATE style is one of the following values:

ValueMeaning
BST_UNCHECKEDButton state is unchecked.
BST_CHECKEDButton state is checked.
BST_INDETERMINATEButton state is indeterminate (applies only if the button has the BS_3STATE or BS_AUTO3STATE style).

If the button has any other style, the return value is BST_UNCHECKED.

Example

   CButton myA3Button;

   // Create an auto 3-state button.
   myA3Button.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_AUTO3STATE, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Set the check state to the next state 
   // (i.e. BST_UNCHECKED changes to BST_CHECKED
   // BST_CHECKED changes to BST_INDETERMINATE
   // BST_INDETERMINATE changes to BST_UNCHECKED).
   myA3Button.SetCheck(((myA3Button.GetCheck() + 1 ) % 3));

Call this member function to get the handle of a cursor, previously set with SetCursor, that is associated with a button.

HCURSOR GetCursor();

 

Return Value

A handle to a cursor image. NULL if no cursor is previously specified.

Example

   CButton myIconButton;

   // Create an icon button.
   myIconButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_ICON, 
      CRect(10,10,60,50), pParentWnd, 1);

   // If no image is defined for the button, define the image to the
   // system arrow and question mark cursor.
   if (myIconButton.GetCursor() == NULL)
      myIconButton.SetCursor(::LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_HELP));

Call this member function to get the handle of an icon, previously set with SetIcon, that is associated with a button.

HICON GetIcon() const;

 

Return Value

A handle to an icon. NULL if no icon is previously specified.

Example

   CButton myIconButton2;

   // Create an icon button.
   myIconButton2.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_ICON, 
      CRect(10,10,60,50), pParentWnd, 1);

   // If no icon is defined for the button, define the icon to the
   // system error icon.
   if (myIconButton2.GetIcon() == NULL)
      myIconButton2.SetIcon(::LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_ERROR));

Retrieves the ideal size for the button control.

BOOL GetIdealSize(SIZE* psize);

Parameters

psize
A pointer to the current size of the button.

Return Value

Nonzero if successful; otherwise 0.

Remarks

This member function emulates the functionality of the BCM_GETIDEALSIZE message, as described in the Buttons section of the Windows SDK.

Call this method to get the image list from the button control.

BOOL GetImageList(PBUTTON_IMAGELIST pbuttonImagelist);

Parameters

pbuttonImagelist
A pointer to the image list of the CButton object.

Return Value

Nonzero if successful; otherwise 0.

Remarks

This member function emulates the functionality of the BCM_GETIMAGELIST message, as described in the Buttons section of the Windows SDK.

Retrieves the note text associated with the current command link control.

CString GetNote() const;

 
BOOL GetNote(
    LPTSTR lpszNote,   
    UINT* cchNote) const;

 

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[out] lpszNotePointer to a buffer, which the caller is responsible for allocating and deallocating. If the return value is true, the buffer contains the note text that is associated with the current command link control; otherwise, the buffer is unchanged.
[in, out] cchNoteA pointer to an unsigned integer variable.

When this method is called, the variable contains the size of the buffer specified by the lpszNote parameter.

When this method returns, if the return value is true the variable contains the size of the note associated with the current command link control. If the return value is false, the variable contains the buffer size required to contain the note.

Return Value

In the first overload, a CString object that contains the note text associated with the current command link control.

-or-

In the second overload, true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_COMMANDLINK or BS_DEFCOMMANDLINK.

This method sends the BCM_GETNOTE message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Retrieves the length of the note text for the current command link control.

UINT GetNoteLength() const;

 

Return Value

The length of the note text, in 16-bit Unicode characters, for the current command link control.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_COMMANDLINK or BS_DEFCOMMANDLINK.

This method sends the BCM_GETNOTELENGTH message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Retrieves the glyph associated with the current split button control.

TCHAR GetSplitGlyph() const;

 

Return Value

The glyph character associated with the current split button control.

Remarks

A glyph is the physical representation of a character in a particular font. For example, a split button control might be decorated with the glyph of the Unicode check mark character (U+2713).

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_GLYPH flag, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK. When the message function returns, this method retrieves the glyph from the himlGlyph member of the structure.

Retrieves the image list for the current split button control.

CImageList* GetSplitImageList() const;

 

Return Value

A pointer to a CImageList object.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_IMAGE flag, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK. When the message function returns, this method retrieves the image list from the himlGlyph member of the structure.

Retrieves parameters that determine how Windows draws the current split button control.

BOOL GetSplitInfo(PBUTTON_SPLITINFO pInfo) const;

 

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[out] pInfoPointer to a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure that receives information about the current split button control. The caller is responsible for allocating the structure.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

This method sends the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Retrieves the bounding rectangle of the drop-down component of the current split button control.

BOOL GetSplitSize(LPSIZE pSize) const;

 

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[out] pSizePointer to a SIZE structure that receives the description of a rectangle.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

When the split button control is expanded, it can display a drop-down component such as a list control or pager control. This method retrieves the bounding rectangle that contains the drop-down component.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_SIZE flag, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK. When the message function returns, this method retrieves the bounding rectangle from the size member of the structure.

Retrieves the split button styles that define the current split button control.

UINT GetSplitStyle() const;

 

Return Value

A bitwise combination of split button styles. For more information, see the uSplitStyle member of the BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

The split button styles specify the alignment, aspect ratio, and graphical format with which Windows draws a split button icon.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_STYLE flag, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK. When the message function returns, this method retrieves the split button styles from the uSplitStyle member of the structure.

Retrieves the state of a button control.

UINT GetState() const;

 

Return Value

A bit field that contains the combination of values that indicate the current state of a button control. The following table lists possible values.

Button StateValueDescription
BST_UNCHECKED0x0000The initial state.
BST_CHECKED0x0001The button control is checked.
BST_INDETERMINATE0x0002The state is indeterminate (only possible when the button control has three states).
BST_PUSHED0x0004The button control is pressed.
BST_FOCUS0x0008The button control has the focus.

Remarks

A button control with the BS_3STATE or BS_AUTO3STATE button style creates a check box that has a third state that is named the indeterminate state. The indeterminate state indicates that the check box is neither checked nor unchecked.

Example

   CButton myPushButton;

   // Create a push button.
   myPushButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_PUSHBUTTON, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Invert the highlight state of the button.
   myPushButton.SetState(!(myPushButton.GetState() & 0x0004));

Call this method to get the text margin of the CButton object.

BOOL GetTextMargin(RECT* pmargin);

Parameters

pmargin
A pointer to the text margin of the CButton object.

Return Value

Returns the text margin.

Remarks

Nonzero if successful; otherwise 0.

Remarks

This member function emulates the functionality of the BCM_GETTEXTMARGIN message, as described in the Buttons section of the Windows SDK.

Call this member function to associate a new bitmap with the button.

HBITMAP SetBitmap(HBITMAP hBitmap);

Parameters

hBitmap
The handle of a bitmap.

Return Value

The handle of a bitmap previously associated with the button.

Remarks

The bitmap will be automatically placed on the face of the button, centered by default. If the bitmap is too large for the button, it will be clipped on either side. You can choose other alignment options, including the following:

  • BS_TOP

  • BS_LEFT

  • BS_RIGHT

  • BS_CENTER

  • BS_BOTTOM

  • BS_VCENTER

Unlike CBitmapButton, which uses four bitmaps per button, SetBitmap uses only one bitmap per the button. When the button is pressed, the bitmap appears to shift down and to the right.

You are responsible for releasing the bitmap when you are done with it.

Example

   CButton myBitmapButton;

   // Create a bitmap button.
   myBitmapButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_BITMAP, 
      CRect(10,10,60,50), pParentWnd, 1);

   // If no bitmap is defined for the button, define the bitmap to the
   // system close bitmap.
   if (myBitmapButton.GetBitmap() == NULL)
      myBitmapButton.SetBitmap(::LoadBitmap(NULL, MAKEINTRESOURCE(OBM_CLOSE)));

Changes the style of a button.

void SetButtonStyle(
    UINT nStyle,  
    BOOL bRedraw = TRUE);

Parameters

nStyle
Specifies the button style.

bRedraw
Specifies whether the button is to be redrawn. A nonzero value redraws the button. A 0 value does not redraw the button. The button is redrawn by default.

Remarks

Use the GetButtonStyle member function to retrieve the button style. The low-order word of the complete button style is the button-specific style.

Example

   CButton myRadioButton;

   // Create a radio button.
   myRadioButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_RADIOBUTTON, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Change the button style to use one of the "auto" styles; for
   // push button, change to def push button.
   UINT uStyle = myRadioButton.GetButtonStyle();
   if (uStyle == BS_PUSHBUTTON)
      uStyle = BS_DEFPUSHBUTTON;
   else if (uStyle == BS_RADIOBUTTON)
      uStyle = BS_AUTORADIOBUTTON;
   else if (uStyle == BS_CHECKBOX)
      uStyle = BS_AUTOCHECKBOX;
   else if (uStyle == BS_3STATE)
      uStyle = BS_AUTO3STATE;

   // Change the button style to the one wanted.
   myRadioButton.SetButtonStyle(uStyle);

Sets or resets the check state of a radio button or check box.

void SetCheck(int nCheck);

Parameters

nCheck
Specifies the check state. This parameter can be one of the following:

ValueMeaning
BST_UNCHECKEDSet the button state to unchecked.
BST_CHECKEDSet the button state to checked.
BST_INDETERMINATESet the button state to indeterminate. This value can be used only if the button has the BS_3STATE or BS_AUTO3STATE style.

Remarks

This member function has no effect on a pushbutton.

Example

   CButton myA3Button;

   // Create an auto 3-state button.
   myA3Button.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_AUTO3STATE, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Set the check state to the next state 
   // (i.e. BST_UNCHECKED changes to BST_CHECKED
   // BST_CHECKED changes to BST_INDETERMINATE
   // BST_INDETERMINATE changes to BST_UNCHECKED).
   myA3Button.SetCheck(((myA3Button.GetCheck() + 1 ) % 3));

Call this member function to associate a new cursor with the button.

HCURSOR SetCursor(HCURSOR hCursor);

Parameters

hCursor
The handle of a cursor.

Return Value

The handle of a cursor previously associated with the button.

Remarks

The cursor will be automatically placed on the face of the button, centered by default. If the cursor is too large for the button, it will be clipped on either side. You can choose other alignment options, including the following:

  • BS_TOP

  • BS_LEFT

  • BS_RIGHT

  • BS_CENTER

  • BS_BOTTOM

  • BS_VCENTER

Unlike CBitmapButton, which uses four bitmaps per button, SetCursor uses only one cursor per the button. When the button is pressed, the cursor appears to shift down and to the right.

Example

   CButton myIconButton;

   // Create an icon button.
   myIconButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_ICON, 
      CRect(10,10,60,50), pParentWnd, 1);

   // If no image is defined for the button, define the image to the
   // system arrow and question mark cursor.
   if (myIconButton.GetCursor() == NULL)
      myIconButton.SetCursor(::LoadCursor(NULL, IDC_HELP));

Sets the drop-down state of the current split button control.

BOOL SetDropDownState(BOOL fDropDown);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] fDropDowntrue to set BST_DROPDOWNPUSHED state; otherwise, false.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

A split button control has a style of BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON and consists of a button and a drop-down arrow to its right. For more information, see Button Styles. Usually, the drop-down state is set when the user clicks the drop-down arrow. Use this method to programmatically set the drop-down state of the control. The drop-down arrow is drawn shaded to indicate the state.

This method sends the BCM_SETDROPDOWNSTATE message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Example

The following code example defines the variable, m_splitButton, that is used to programmatically access the split button control. This variable is used in the following example.

public:
	// Variable to access programatically defined command link control.
	CButton m_cmdLink;
	// Variable to access programatically defined split button control.	
	CButton m_splitButton;

Example

The following code example sets the state of the split button control to indicate that the drop-down arrow is pushed.

	/* Set the state of the split button control to indicate that 
	the drop-down arrow is pushed. The arrow is drawn shaded to 
	indicate the state.
	*/
	m_splitButton.SetDropDownState( TRUE );

Sets the state of the current button control to elevation required, which is necessary for the control to display an elevated security icon.

BOOL SetElevationRequired(BOOL fElevationRequired);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] fElevationRequiredtrue to set elevation required state; otherwise, false.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

If a button or command link control requires elevated security permission to perform an action, set the control to elevation required state. Subsequently, Windows displays the User Account Control (UAC) shield icon on the control. For more information, see "User Account Control" at MSDN.

This method sends the BCM_SETSHIELD message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Call this member function to associate a new icon with the button.

HICON SetIcon(HICON hIcon);

Parameters

hIcon
The handle of an icon.

Return Value

The handle of an icon previously associated with the button.

Remarks

The icon will be automatically placed on the face of the button, centered by default. If the icon is too large for the button, it will be clipped on either side. You can choose other alignment options, including the following:

  • BS_TOP

  • BS_LEFT

  • BS_RIGHT

  • BS_CENTER

  • BS_BOTTOM

  • BS_VCENTER

Unlike CBitmapButton, which uses four bitmaps per button, SetIcon uses only one icon per the button. When the button is pressed, the icon appears to shift down and to the right.

Example

   CButton myIconButton2;

   // Create an icon button.
   myIconButton2.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_ICON, 
      CRect(10,10,60,50), pParentWnd, 1);

   // If no icon is defined for the button, define the icon to the
   // system error icon.
   if (myIconButton2.GetIcon() == NULL)
      myIconButton2.SetIcon(::LoadIcon(NULL, IDI_ERROR));

Call this method to set the image list of the CButton object.

BOOL SetImageList(PBUTTON_IMAGELIST pbuttonImagelist);

Parameters

pbuttonImagelist
A pointer to the new image list.

Return Value

Returns TRUE on success, FALSE on failure.

Remarks

This member function emulates the functionality of the BCM_SETIMAGELIST message, as described in the Buttons section of the Windows SDK.

Sets the note text for the current command link control.

BOOL SetNote(LPCTSTR lpszNote);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] lpszNotePointer to a Unicode string that is set as the note text for the command link control.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_COMMANDLINK or BS_DEFCOMMANDLINK.

This method sends the BCM_SETNOTE message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Example

The following code example defines the variable, m_cmdLink, that is used to programmatically access the command link control. This variable is used in the following example.

public:
	// Variable to access programatically defined command link control.
	CButton m_cmdLink;
	// Variable to access programatically defined split button control.	
	CButton m_splitButton;

Example

The following code example sets the note text for the command link control.

	// Set the command link text.
	m_cmdLink.SetNote(_T("This is the command link note."));

Associates a specified glyph with the current split button control.

BOOL SetSplitGlyph(TCHAR chGlyph);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] chGlyphA character that specifies the glyph to use as the split button drop-down arrow.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls that have the button style BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

A glyph is the physical representation of a character in a particular font. The chGlyphparameter is not used as the glyph, but is instead used to select a glyph from a set of system-defined glyphs. The default drop-down arrow glyph is specified by a character '6', and resembles the Unicode character BLACK DOWN-POINTING TRIANGLE (U+25BC).

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_GLYPH flag and the himlGlyph member with the chGlyph parameter, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK.

Associates an image list with the current split button control.

BOOL SetSplitImageList(CImageList* pSplitImageList);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] pSplitImageListPointer to a CImageList object to assign to the current split button control.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_IMAGE flag and the himlGlyph member with the pSplitImageList parameter, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK.

Specifies parameters that determine how Windows draws the current split button control.

BOOL SetSplitInfo(PBUTTON_SPLITINFO pInfo);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] pInfoPointer to a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure that defines the current split button control.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

This method sends the BCM_SETSPLITINFO message, which is described in the Windows SDK.

Example

The following code example defines the variable, m_splitButton, that is used to programmatically access the split button control.

public:
	// Variable to access programatically defined command link control.
	CButton m_cmdLink;
	// Variable to access programatically defined split button control.	
	CButton m_splitButton;

Example

The following code example changes the glyph that is used for the split button drop-down arrow. The example substitutes an up-pointing triangle glyph for the default down-pointing triangle glyph. The glyph that is displayed depends on the character that you specify in the himlGlyph member of the BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure. The down-pointing triangle glyph is specified by a character '6' and the up-pointing triangle glyph is specified by a character '5'. For comparison, see the convenience method, CButton::SetSplitGlyph.

	/* 
	The drop-down arrow glyph is a function of the specified character. 
	The default "down" drop-down arrow glyph is specified by a 
	character '6'. Set the "up" arrow glyph, which is a character '5'.
	See the convenience method, SetSplitGlyph(), for comparison.
	*/
	BUTTON_SPLITINFO bsInfo = {0};
	bsInfo.mask = BCSIF_GLYPH;
	TCHAR chGlyph = _T('5'); // "up" arrow glyph 
	bsInfo.himlGlyph = (HIMAGELIST)chGlyph;
	bRC = m_splitButton.SetSplitInfo( &bsInfo );

Sets the bounding rectangle of the drop-down component of the current split button control.

BOOL SetSplitSize(LPSIZE pSize);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] pSizePointer to a SIZE structure that describes a bounding rectangle.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

When the split button control is expanded, it can display a drop-down component such as a list control or pager control. This method specifies the size of the bounding rectangle that contains the drop-down component.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_SIZE flag and the size member with the pSize parameter, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK.

Example

The following code example defines the variable, m_splitButton, that is used to programmatically access the split button control. This variable is used in the following example.

public:
	// Variable to access programatically defined command link control.
	CButton m_cmdLink;
	// Variable to access programatically defined split button control.	
	CButton m_splitButton;

Example

The following code example doubles the size of the split button drop-down arrow.

	// Double the size of the split button drop-down arrow.
	SIZE sz;
	bRC = m_splitButton.GetSplitSize( &sz ); // current size
	sz.cx = sz.cx * 2;
	sz.cy = sz.cy * 2;
	bRC = m_splitButton.SetSplitSize( &sz );

Sets the style of the current split button control.

BOOL SetSplitStyle(UINT uSplitStyle);

Parameters

ParameterDescription
[in] uSplitStyleA bitwise combination of split button styles. For more information, see the uSplitStyle member of the BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure.

Return Value

true if this method is successful; otherwise, false.

Remarks

Use this method only with controls whose button style is BS_SPLITBUTTON or BS_DEFSPLITBUTTON.

The split button styles specify the alignment, aspect ratio, and graphical format with which Windows draws a split button icon. For more information, see the uSplitStyle member of the BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure.

This method initializes the mask member of a BUTTON_SPLITINFO structure with the BCSIF_STYLE flag and the uSplitStyle member with the uSplitStyle parameter, and then sends that structure in the BCM_GETSPLITINFO message that is described in the Windows SDK.

Example

The following code example defines the variable, m_splitButton, that is used to programmatically access the split button control.

public:
	// Variable to access programatically defined command link control.
	CButton m_cmdLink;
	// Variable to access programatically defined split button control.	
	CButton m_splitButton;

Example

The following code example sets the style of the split button drop-down arrow. The BCSS_ALIGNLEFT style displays the arrow on the left side of the button, and the BCSS_STRETCH style retains the drop-down arrow's proportions when you resize the button.

	/* 
	Set the style of the split button drop-down arrow: Display the 
	arrow on the left and retain the arrow's proportions when resizing 
	the control.
	*/
	bRC = m_splitButton.SetSplitStyle( BCSS_ALIGNLEFT | BCSS_STRETCH );

Sets whether a button control is highlighted or not.

void SetState(BOOL bHighlight);

Parameters

bHighlight
Specifies whether the button is to be highlighted. A nonzero value highlights the button; a 0 value removes any highlighting.

Remarks

Highlighting affects the exterior of a button control. It has no effect on the check state of a radio button or check box.

A button control is automatically highlighted when the user clicks and holds the left mouse button. The highlighting is removed when the user releases the mouse button.

Example

   CButton myPushButton;

   // Create a push button.
   myPushButton.Create(_T("My button"), WS_CHILD|WS_VISIBLE|BS_PUSHBUTTON, 
      CRect(10,10,100,30), pParentWnd, 1);

   // Invert the highlight state of the button.
   myPushButton.SetState(!(myPushButton.GetState() & 0x0004));

Call this method to set the text margin of the CButton object.

BOOL SetTextMargin(RECT* pmargin);

Parameters

pmargin
A pointer to the new text margin.

Return Value

Returns TRUE on success, FALSE on failure.

Remarks

This member function emulates the functionality of the BCM_SETTEXTMARGIN message, as described in the Buttons section of the Windows SDK.

CWnd Class
Hierarchy Chart
CWnd Class
CComboBox Class
CEdit Class
CListBox Class
CScrollBar Class
CStatic Class
CBitmapButton Class
CDialog Class

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