<regex> functions

Visual Studio 2015
 
regex_match Functionregex_replace Functionregex_search Function
swap Function

Tests whether a regular expression matches the entire target string.

 
// (1)   
template <class BidIt, class Alloc, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_match(BidIt first, Bidit last,  
    match_results<BidIt, Alloc>& match,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,   
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

 
// (2)   
template <class BidIt, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_match(BidIt first, Bidit last,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

 
// (3)  
template <class Elem, class Alloc, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_match(const Elem *ptr,  
    match_results<const Elem*, Alloc>& match,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

 
// (4)   
template <class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_match(const Elem *ptr,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

 
// (5)  
template <class IOtraits, class IOalloc, class Alloc, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_match(const basic_string<Elem, IOtraits, IOalloc>& str,  
    match_results<typename basic_string<Elem, IOtraits, IOalloc>::const_iterator, Alloc>& match,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

 
// (6)  
template <class IOtraits, class IOalloc, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_match(const basic_string<Elem, IOtraits, IOalloc>& str,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Parameters

BidIt
The iterator type for submatches. For common cases this one of string::const_iterator, wstring::const_iterator, const char* or const wchar_t*.

Alloc
The match results allocator class.

Elem
The type of elements to match. For common cases this is string, wstring, char* or wchar_t*.

RXtraits
Traits class for elements.

Alloc2
The regular expression allocator class.

IOtraits
The string traits class.

IOalloc
The string allocator class.

flags
Flags for matches.

first
Beginning of sequence to match.

last
End of sequence to match.

match
The match results. Corresponds to Elem type: smatch for string, wsmatch for wstring, cmatch for char* or wcmatch for wchar_t*.

ptr
Pointer to beginning of sequence to match. If ptr is char*, then use cmatch and regex. If ptr is wchar_t* then use wcmatch and wregex.

re
The regular expression to match. Type regex for string and char*, or wregex for wstring and wchar_t*.

str
String to match. Corresponds to the type of Elem.

Remarks

Each template function returns true only if the entire operand sequence str exactly matches the regular expression argument re. Use regex_search to match a substring within a target sequence and regex_iterator to find multiple matches. The functions that take a match_results object set its members to reflect whether the match succeeded and if so what the various capture groups in the regular expression captured.

The functions that take a match_results object set its members to reflect whether the match succeeded and if so what the various capture groups in the regular expression captured.

(1):

Example

// RegexTestBed.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.  
//  
  
#include "stdafx.h"  
#include <regex>   
#include <iostream>   
  
using namespace std;  
  
int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])  
{  
  
    // (1) with char*  
    // Note how const char* requires cmatch and regex  
    const char *first = "abc";  
    const char *last = first + strlen(first);  
    cmatch narrowMatch;  
    regex rx("a(b)c");  
  
    bool found = regex_match(first, last, narrowMatch, rx);  
  
    // (1) with std::wstring  
    // Note how wstring requires wsmatch and wregex.  
    // Note use of const iterators cbegin() and cend().  
    wstring target(L"Hello");  
    wsmatch wideMatch;  
    wregex wrx(L"He(l+)o");  
  
    if (regex_match(target.cbegin(), target.cend(), wideMatch, wrx))  
        wcout << L"The matching text is:" << wideMatch.str() << endl;   
  
    // (2) with std::string  
    string target2("Drizzle");  
    regex rx2(R"(D\w+e)"); // no double backslashes with raw string literal  
    found = regex_match(target2.cbegin(), target2.cend(), rx2);  
  
    // (3) with wchar_t*  
    const wchar_t* target3 = L"2014-04-02";  
    wcmatch wideMatch2;  
  
    // LR"(...)" is a  raw wide-string literal. Open and close parens  
    // are delimiters, not string elements.  
    wregex wrx2(LR"(\d{4}(-|/)\d{2}(-|/)\d{2})");   
    if (regex_match(target3, wideMatch2, wrx2))  
    {  
        wcout << L"Matching text: " << wideMatch2.str() << endl;  
    }  
  
     return 0;  
}  
  

Replaces matched regular expressions.

template <class OutIt, class BidIt, class RXtraits, class Alloc, class Elem>  
OutIt regex_replace(OutIt out,  
    BidIt first, BidIt last,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc>& re,  
    const basic_string<Elem>& fmt,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class RXtraits, class Alloc, class Elem>  
basic_string<Elem>  
regex_replace(const basic_string<Elem>& str,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc>& re,  
    const basic_string<Elem>& fmt,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Parameters

OutIt
The iterator type for replacements.

BidIt
The iterator type for submatches.

RXtraits
Traits class for elements.

Alloc
The regular expression allocator class.

Elem
The type of elements to match.

flags
Flags for matches.

first
Beginning of sequence to match.

fmt
The format for replacements.

last
End of sequence to match.

out
The output iterator.

re
The regular expression to match.

str
String to match.

Remarks

The first function constructs a regex_iterator Class object iter(first, last, re, flags) and uses it to split its input range [first, last) into a series of subsequences T0M0T1M1...TN-1MN-1TN, where Mn is the nth match detected by the iterator. If no matches are found, T0 is the entire input range and N is zero. If (flags & format_first_only) != 0 only the first match is used, T1 is all of the input text that follows the match, and N is 1. For each i in the range [0, N), if (flags & format_no_copy) == 0 it copies the text in the range Ti to the iterator out. It then calls m.format(out, fmt, flags), where m is the match_results object returned by the iterator object iter for the subsequence Mi. Finally, if (flags & format_no_copy) == 0 it copies the text in the range TN to the iterator out. The function returns out.

The second function constructs a local variable result of type basic_string<charT> and calls regex_replace(back_inserter(result), str.begin(), str.end(), re, fmt, flags). It returns result.

Example

// std_tr1__regex__regex_replace.cpp   
// compile with: /EHsc   
#include <regex>   
#include <iostream>   
  
int main()   
    {   
    char buf[20];   
    const char *first = "axayaz";   
    const char *last = first + strlen(first);   
    std::regex rx("a");   
    std::string fmt("A");   
    std::regex_constants::match_flag_type fonly =   
        std::regex_constants::format_first_only;   
  
 *std::regex_replace(&buf[0], first, last, rx, fmt) = '\0';   
    std::cout << "replacement == " << &buf[0] << std::endl;   
  
 *std::regex_replace(&buf[0], first, last, rx, fmt, fonly) = '\0';   
    std::cout << "replacement == " << &buf[0] << std::endl;   
  
    std::string str("adaeaf");   
    std::cout << "replacement == "   
        << std::regex_replace(str, rx, fmt) << std::endl;   
  
    std::cout << "replacement == "   
        << std::regex_replace(str, rx, fmt, fonly) << std::endl;   
  
    return (0);   
    }  
  

replacement == AxAyAz  
replacement == Axayaz  
replacement == AdAeAf  
replacement == Adaeaf  

Searches for a regular expression match.

template <class BidIt, class Alloc, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_search(BidIt first, Bidit last,  
    match_results<BidIt, Alloc>& match,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class BidIt, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_search(BidIt first, Bidit last,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class Elem, class Alloc, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_search(const Elem* ptr,  
    match_results<const Elem*, Alloc>& match,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_search(const Elem* ptr,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class IOtraits, class IOalloc, class Alloc, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_search(const basic_string<Elem, IOtraits, IOalloc>& str,  
    match_results<typename basic_string<Elem, IOtraits, IOalloc>::const_iterator, Alloc>& match,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

template <class IOtraits, class IOalloc, class Elem, class RXtraits, class Alloc2>  
bool regex_search(const basic_string<Elem, IOtraits, IOalloc>& str,  
    const basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc2>& re,  
    match_flag_type flags = match_default);

Parameters

BidIt
The iterator type for submatches.

Alloc
The match results allocator class.

Elem
The type of elements to match.

RXtraits
Traits class for elements.

Alloc2
The regular expression allocator class.

IOtraits
The string traits class.

IOalloc
The string allocator class.

flags
Flags for matches.

first
Beginning of sequence to match.

last
End of sequence to match.

match
The match results.

ptr
Pointer to beginning of sequence to match.

re
The regular expression to match.

str
String to match.

Remarks

Each template function returns true only if a search for its regular expression argument re in its operand sequence succeeds. The functions that take a match_results object set its members to reflect whether the search succeeded and if so what the various capture groups in the regular expression captured.

Example

// std_tr1__regex__regex_search.cpp   
// compile with: /EHsc   
#include <regex>   
#include <iostream>   
  
int main()   
    {   
    const char *first = "abcd";   
    const char *last = first + strlen(first);   
    std::cmatch mr;   
    std::regex rx("abc");   
    std::regex_constants::match_flag_type fl =   
        std::regex_constants::match_default;   
  
    std::cout << "search(f, f+1, \"abc\") == " << std::boolalpha   
        << regex_search(first, first + 1, rx, fl) << std::endl;   
  
    std::cout << "search(f, l, \"abc\") == " << std::boolalpha   
        << regex_search(first, last, mr, rx) << std::endl;   
    std::cout << "  matched: \"" << mr.str() << "\"" << std::endl;   
  
    std::cout << "search(\"a\", \"abc\") == " << std::boolalpha   
        << regex_search("a", rx) << std::endl;   
  
    std::cout << "search(\"xabcd\", \"abc\") == " << std::boolalpha   
        << regex_search("xabcd", mr, rx) << std::endl;   
    std::cout << "  matched: \"" << mr.str() << "\"" << std::endl;   
  
    std::cout << "search(string, \"abc\") == " << std::boolalpha   
        << regex_search(std::string("a"), rx) << std::endl;   
  
    std::string str("abcabc");   
    std::match_results<std::string::const_iterator> mr2;   
    std::cout << "search(string, \"abc\") == " << std::boolalpha   
        << regex_search(str, mr2, rx) << std::endl;   
    std::cout << "  matched: \"" << mr2.str() << "\"" << std::endl;   
  
    return (0);   
    }  
  

search(f, f+1, "abc") == false  
search(f, l, "abc") == true  
  matched: "abc"  
search("a", "abc") == false  
search("xabcd", "abc") == true  
  matched: "abc"  
search(string, "abc") == false  
search(string, "abc") == true  
  matched: "abc"  

Swaps two basic_regex or match_results objects.

template <class Elem, class RXtraits>  
void swap(basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits, Alloc>& left,  
    basic_regex<Elem, RXtraits>& right) throw();

template <class Elem, class IOtraits, class BidIt, class Alloc>  
void swap(match_results<BidIt, Alloc>& left,  
    match_results<BidIt, Alloc>& right) throw();

Parameters

Elem
The type of elements to match.

RXtraits
Traits class for elements.

Remarks

The template functions swap the contents of their respective arguments in constant time and do not throw exceptions.

Example

// std_tr1__regex__swap.cpp   
// compile with: /EHsc   
#include <regex>   
#include <iostream>   
  
int main()   
    {   
    std::regex rx0("c(a*)|(b)");   
    std::regex rx1;   
    std::cmatch mr0;   
    std::cmatch mr1;   
  
    swap(rx0, rx1);   
    std::regex_search("xcaaay", mr1, rx1);   
    swap(mr0, mr1);   
  
    std::csub_match sub = mr0[1];   
    std::cout << "matched == " << std::boolalpha   
        << sub.matched << std::endl;   
    std::cout << "length == " << sub.length() << std::endl;   
    std::cout << "string == " << sub << std::endl;   
  
    return (0);   
    }  
  

matched == true  
length == 3  
string == aaa  

<regex>

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