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Proprietà DataGrid.HeaderStyle

 

Ottiene le proprietà di stile della sezione dell'intestazione nel controllo DataGrid.

Spazio dei nomi:   System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

[PersistenceModeAttribute(PersistenceMode.InnerProperty)]
public virtual TableItemStyle HeaderStyle { get; }

Valore proprietà

Type: System.Web.UI.WebControls.TableItemStyle

Un oggetto TableItemStyle che contiene le proprietà di stile della sezione dell'intestazione nel controllo DataGrid.Il valore predefinito è un oggetto TableItemStyle vuoto.

Utilizzare la proprietà per fornire uno stile personalizzato per la sezione dell'intestazione del controllo DataGrid.Gli attributi di stile comuni che possono essere modificati includono il colore di primo piano, il colore di sfondo, il carattere e l'allineamento del contenuto all'interno della cella.L'utilizzo di uno stile diverso può contribuire a migliorare l'aspetto del controllo DataGrid.

La proprietà HeaderStyle del controllo DataGrid eredita le impostazioni di stile della proprietà ControlStyle.Se ad esempio si specifica un carattere di colore rosso per la proprietà ControlStyle, il colore rosso sarà utilizzato anche per la proprietà HeaderStyle.In questo modo, è possibile fornire un aspetto comune per il controllo impostando una singola proprietà di stile.Le impostazioni di stile ereditate possono essere sottoposte a override impostando la proprietà HeaderStyle.È ad esempio possibile specificare un carattere di colore blu per la proprietà HeaderStyle, sottoponendo a override il carattere di colore rosso specificato nella proprietà ControlStyle.

Per specificare uno stile personalizzato per la sezione dell'intestazione, inserire i tag <HeaderStyle> tra i tag di apertura e di chiusura del controllo DataGrid.In seguito, è possibile elencare gli attributi di stile all'interno del tag <HeaderStyle> di apertura.

System_CAPS_noteNota

Per poter essere visibile, la proprietà ShowHeader deve essere impostata su true.

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato come utilizzare la proprietà HeaderStyle per impostare il colore di sfondo della sezione dell'intestazione.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
 <script language="C#" runat="server">

    ICollection CreateDataSource() 
    {
       DataTable dt = new DataTable();
       DataRow dr;

       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("DateTimeValue", typeof(string)));
       dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("BoolValue", typeof(bool)));

       for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
          dr = dt.NewRow();

          dr[0] = i;
          dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
          dr[2] = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString();
          dr[3] = (i % 2 != 0) ? true : false;

          dt.Rows.Add(dr);
       }

       DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
       return dv;
    }

    void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
    {
       if (chk1.Checked)
          MyDataGrid.PagerStyle.Mode = PagerMode.NumericPages;
       else 
          MyDataGrid.PagerStyle.Mode = PagerMode.NextPrev;

       BindGrid();
    }

    void MyDataGrid_Page(Object sender, DataGridPageChangedEventArgs e)

    {
       MyDataGrid.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex;
       BindGrid();
    }

    void BindGrid() 
    {
       MyDataGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
       MyDataGrid.DataBind();
       ShowStats();
    }

    void ShowStats() 
    {
       lblEnabled.Text = "AllowPaging is " + MyDataGrid.AllowPaging;
       lblCurrentIndex.Text = "CurrentPageIndex is " + MyDataGrid.CurrentPageIndex;
       lblPageCount.Text = "PageCount is " + MyDataGrid.PageCount;
       lblPageSize.Text = "PageSize is " + MyDataGrid.PageSize;
    }


 </script>

 <head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Example</title>
</head>
<body>

    <h3>DataGrid Example</h3>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

       <asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
            AllowPaging="True"
            PageSize="10"            
            ShowFooter="true"
            OnPageIndexChanged="MyDataGrid_Page"
            BorderColor="black"
            BorderWidth="1"
            GridLines="Both"
            CellPadding="3"
            CellSpacing="0"
            Font-Names="Verdana"
            Font-Size="8pt">

          <PagerStyle Mode="NumericPages"
                      HorizontalAlign="Right">
          </PagerStyle>

          <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
          </HeaderStyle>

          <FooterStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
          </FooterStyle>

          <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="#eeeeee">
          </AlternatingItemStyle>

       </asp:DataGrid>

       <br />

       <asp:Checkbox id="chk1" runat="server"
            Text="Show numeric page navigation buttons"
            Font-Names="Verdana"
            Font-Size="8pt"
            AutoPostBack="true"/>

       <br />

       <table style="background-color:#eeeeee; padding:6">
          <tr>
             <td style="display:inline">


                   <asp:Label id="lblEnabled" 
                        runat="server"/><br />
                   <asp:Label id="lblCurrentIndex" 
                        runat="server"/><br />
                   <asp:Label id="lblPageCount" 
                        runat="server"/><br />
                   <asp:Label id="lblPageSize" 
                        runat="server"/><br />


             </td>
          </tr>
       </table>

    </form>

 </body>
 </html>

<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
 <script language="VB" runat="server">

    Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection
        Dim dt As New DataTable()
        Dim dr As DataRow

        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(String)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("DateTimeValue", GetType(String)))
        dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("BoolValue", GetType(Boolean)))

        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 99
            dr = dt.NewRow()

            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " + i.ToString()
            dr(2) = DateTime.Now.ToShortDateString()
            If i Mod 2 <> 0 Then
                dr(3) = True
            Else
                dr(3) = False
            End If

            dt.Rows.Add(dr)
        Next i

        Dim dv As New DataView(dt)
        Return dv
    End Function 'CreateDataSource


    Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        If chk1.Checked Then
            MyDataGrid.PagerStyle.Mode = PagerMode.NumericPages
        Else
            MyDataGrid.PagerStyle.Mode = PagerMode.NextPrev
        End If 
        BindGrid()
    End Sub 'Page_Load


    Sub MyDataGrid_Page(sender As Object, e As DataGridPageChangedEventArgs)

        MyDataGrid.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex
        BindGrid()
    End Sub 'MyDataGrid_Page


    Sub BindGrid()
        MyDataGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
        MyDataGrid.DataBind()
        ShowStats()
    End Sub 'BindGrid


    Sub ShowStats()
        lblEnabled.Text = "AllowPaging is " & MyDataGrid.AllowPaging
        lblCurrentIndex.Text = "CurrentPageIndex is " & MyDataGrid.CurrentPageIndex
        lblPageCount.Text = "PageCount is " & MyDataGrid.PageCount
        lblPageSize.Text = "PageSize is " & MyDataGrid.PageSize
    End Sub 'ShowStats


 </script>

 <head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Example</title>
</head>
<body>

    <h3>DataGrid Example</h3>

    <form id="form1" runat="server">

       <asp:DataGrid id="MyDataGrid" runat="server"
            AllowPaging="True"
            PageSize="10"            
            ShowFooter="true"
            OnPageIndexChanged="MyDataGrid_Page"
            BorderColor="black"
            BorderWidth="1"
            GridLines="Both"
            CellPadding="3"
            CellSpacing="0"
            Font-Names="Verdana"
            Font-Size="8pt">

          <PagerStyle Mode="NumericPages"
                      HorizontalAlign="Right">
          </PagerStyle>

          <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
          </HeaderStyle>

          <FooterStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
          </FooterStyle>

          <AlternatingItemStyle BackColor="#eeeeee">
          </AlternatingItemStyle>

       </asp:DataGrid>

       <br />

       <asp:Checkbox id="chk1" runat="server"
            Text="Show numeric page navigation buttons"
            Font-Names="Verdana"
            Font-Size="8pt"
            AutoPostBack="true"/>

       <br />

       <table style="background-color:#eeeeee; padding:6">
          <tr>
             <td style="display:inline">


                   <asp:Label id="lblEnabled" 
                        runat="server"/><br />
                   <asp:Label id="lblCurrentIndex" 
                        runat="server"/><br />
                   <asp:Label id="lblPageCount" 
                        runat="server"/><br />
                   <asp:Label id="lblPageSize" 
                        runat="server"/><br />


             </td>
          </tr>
       </table>

    </form>

 </body>
 </html>


<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      ICollection CreateDataSource() 
      {

         // Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         DataTable dt = new DataTable();
         DataRow dr;

         // Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("IntegerValue", typeof(Int32)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("StringValue", typeof(string)));
         dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("CurrencyValue", typeof(double)));

         // Populate the table with sample values.
         for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) 
         {
            dr = dt.NewRow();

            dr[0] = i;
            dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
            dr[2] = 1.23 * (i + 1);

            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
         }

         DataView dv = new DataView(dt);
         return dv;
      }

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Load sample data only once when the page is first loaded.
         if (!IsPostBack) 
         {
            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource();
            ItemsGrid.DataBind();
         }

      }

      void Button_Click(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // Count the number of selected items in the DataGrid control.
         int count = 0;

         // Display the selected times.
         Message.Text = "You Selected: <br />";

         // Iterate through each item (row) in the DataGrid control and determine
         // whether it is selected.
         foreach (DataGridItem item in ItemsGrid.Items)
         {

            DetermineSelection(item, ref count);        

         }

         // If no items are selected, display the appropriate message.
         if (count == 0)
         {

            Message.Text = "Not items selected";

         }

      }

      void DetermineSelection(DataGridItem item, ref int count)
      {

         // Retrieve the SelectCheckBox CheckBox control from the specified item (row) in the 
         // DataGrid control.
         CheckBox selection = (CheckBox)item.FindControl("SelectCheckBox");

         // If the item is selected, display the appropriate message and increment the count
         // of selected items.
         if (selection != null)
         {

           if (selection.Checked)
           {
              Message.Text += "- " + item.Cells[1].Text + "<br />";
              count++;
           }

         }    

      }

      void Selection_Change(Object sender, EventArgs e)
      {

         // Set the background color for the heading and footer sections of
         // the DataGrid control.
         ItemsGrid.HeaderStyle.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.FromName(List.SelectedItem.Value);
         ItemsGrid.FooterStyle.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.FromName(List.SelectedItem.Value);

      }

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid HeaderStyle and FooterStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataGrid HeaderStyle and FooterStyle Example</h3>

      Select a backcolor for the header and footer sections.

      <br /><br />

      <b>Product List</b>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="True"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="White">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="White">
         </FooterStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Select Item">

               <ItemTemplate>

                  <asp:CheckBox id="SelectCheckBox"
                       Text="Add to Cart"
                       Checked="False"
                       runat="server"/>

               </ItemTemplate>

            </asp:TemplateColumn>

         </Columns> 

      </asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="SubmitButton"
           Text="Submit"
           OnClick = "Button_Click"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message"
           runat="server"/>

      <hr />

      Header and footer backcolor: <br /> 

      <asp:DropDownList id="List"
           AutoPostBack="True"
           OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
           runat="server">

         <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

      </asp:DropDownList>

   </form>

</body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      Function CreateDataSource() As ICollection 

         ' Create sample data for the DataGrid control.
         Dim dt As DataTable = New DataTable()
         Dim dr As DataRow

         ' Define the columns of the table.
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("IntegerValue", GetType(Int32)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("StringValue", GetType(string)))
         dt.Columns.Add(New DataColumn("CurrencyValue", GetType(double)))

         ' Populate the table with sample values.
         Dim i As Integer

         For i = 0 to 4 

            dr = dt.NewRow()

            dr(0) = i
            dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
            dr(2) = 1.23 * (i + 1)

            dt.Rows.Add(dr)

         Next i

         Dim dv As DataView = New DataView(dt)
         Return dv

      End Function

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Load sample data only once when the page is first loaded.
         If Not IsPostBack Then 

            ItemsGrid.DataSource = CreateDataSource()
            ItemsGrid.DataBind()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub Button_Click(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' Count the number of selected items in the DataGrid control.
         Dim count As Integer = 0

         ' Display the selected times.
         Message.Text = "You Selected: <br />"

         ' Iterate through each item (row) in the DataGrid control and determine
         ' whether it is selected.
         Dim item As DataGridItem

         For Each item In ItemsGrid.Items

            DetermineSelection(item, count)        

         Next

         ' If no items are selected, display the appropriate message.
         If count = 0 Then

            Message.Text = "Not items selected"

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub DetermineSelection(item As DataGridItem, ByRef count As Integer)

         ' Retrieve the SelectCheckBox CheckBox control from the specified item (row) in the 
         ' DataGrid control.
         Dim selection As CheckBox = CType(item.FindControl("SelectCheckBox"), CheckBox)

         ' If the item is selected, display the appropriate message and increment the count
         ' of selected items.
         If Not selection Is Nothing Then

           If selection.Checked Then

              Message.Text &= "- " & item.Cells(1).Text & "<br />"
              count = count + 1

           End If

         End If    

      End Sub

      Sub Selection_Change(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)

         ' Set the background color for the heading and footer sections of
         ' the DataGrid control.
         ItemsGrid.HeaderStyle.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.FromName(List.SelectedItem.Value)
         ItemsGrid.FooterStyle.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.FromName(List.SelectedItem.Value)

      End Sub

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid HeaderStyle and FooterStyle Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataGrid HeaderStyle and FooterStyle Example</h3>

      Select a backcolor for the header and footer sections.

      <br /><br />

      <b>Product List</b>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           ShowFooter="True"
           AutoGenerateColumns="False"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="White">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <FooterStyle BackColor="White">
         </FooterStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="IntegerValue" 
                 HeaderText="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="StringValue" 
                 HeaderText="Description"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn DataField="CurrencyValue" 
                 HeaderText="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}">

               <ItemStyle HorizontalAlign="Right">
               </ItemStyle>

            </asp:BoundColumn>

            <asp:TemplateColumn HeaderText="Select Item">

               <ItemTemplate>

                  <asp:CheckBox id="SelectCheckBox"
                       Text="Add to Cart"
                       Checked="False"
                       runat="server"/>

               </ItemTemplate>

            </asp:TemplateColumn>

         </Columns> 

      </asp:DataGrid>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Button id="SubmitButton"
           Text="Submit"
           OnClick = "Button_Click"
           runat="server"/>

      <br /><br />

      <asp:Label id="Message"
           runat="server"/>

      <hr />

      Header and footer backcolor: <br /> 

      <asp:DropDownList id="List"
           AutoPostBack="True"
           OnSelectedIndexChanged="Selection_Change"
           runat="server">

         <asp:ListItem Selected="True" Value="White"> White </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="Silver"> Silver </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="DarkGray"> Dark Gray </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="Khaki"> Khaki </asp:ListItem>
         <asp:ListItem Value="DarkKhaki"> Dark Khaki </asp:ListItem>

      </asp:DropDownList>

   </form>

</body>
</html>

.NET Framework
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