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Metodo String.Normalize ()

Nota: questo metodo è stato introdotto con .NET Framework versione 2.0.

Restituisce una nuova stringa il cui valore testuale è lo stesso di questa stringa ma la cui rappresentazione binaria è nel formato di normalizzazione Unicode C.

Spazio dei nomi: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public string Normalize ()
public String Normalize ()
public function Normalize () : String

Valore restituito

Nuova stringa normalizzata il cui valore testuale è lo stesso di questa stringa ma la cui rappresentazione binaria è nel formato di normalizzazione Unicode C.

Alcuni caratteri Unicode hanno più rappresentazioni binarie equivalenti formate da insiemi di caratteri Unicode combinati e/o compositi. La presenza di rappresentazioni multiple per un unico carattere rende più difficile la ricerca, l'ordinamento, la corrispondenza e altre operazioni.

Nello standard Unicode viene definito un processo denominato normalizzazione che restituisce una rappresentazione binaria quando viene fornita qualsiasi rappresentazione binaria equivalente di un carattere. La normalizzazione può essere eseguita con diversi algoritmi, denominati formati di normalizzazione, che rispettano regole diverse. .NET Framework supporta attualmente i formati di normalizzazione C, D, KC e KD.

Per una descrizione dei formati di normalizzazione Unicode, vedere System.Text.NormalizationForm.

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato come normalizzare una stringa in ognuno dei quattro formati di normalizzazione, confermare la normalizzazione della stringa nel formato di normalizzazione specificato e quindi elencare i punti di codice nella stringa normalizzata.

// This example demonstrates the String.Normalize method
//                       and the String.IsNormalized method

using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
// Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
    string s1 = new String( new char[] {'\u0063', '\u0301', '\u0327', '\u00BE'});
    string s2 = null;
    string divider = new String('-', 80);
    divider = String.Concat(Environment.NewLine, divider, Environment.NewLine);

    try 
    {
    Show("s1", s1);
    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C");
    Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT");
    Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA");
    Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS");
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: {0}", 
                                 s1.IsNormalized());
    Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", 
                                 s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
    Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", 
                                 s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
    Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", 
                                 s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
    Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", 
                                 s1.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));

    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.");
    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE");
    Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE");
    Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH");
    Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR");
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    s2 = s1.Normalize();
    Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: ");
    Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized());
    Show("s2", s2);
    Console.WriteLine();

    s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC);
    Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ");
    Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
    Show("s2", s2);
    Console.WriteLine();

    s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD);
    Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ");
    Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
    Show("s2", s2);
    Console.WriteLine();

    s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC);
    Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ");
    Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
    Show("s2", s2);
    Console.WriteLine();

    s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD);
    Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ");
    Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
    Show("s2", s2);
    Console.WriteLine();
    }

    catch (Exception e) 
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    private static void Show(string title, string s)
    {
    Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title);
    foreach(short x in s.ToCharArray())
        {
        Console.Write("{0:X4} ", x);
        }
    Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/

// This example demonstrates the String.Normalize method
//                       and the String.IsNormalized method
import System.*;
import System.Text.*;

class Sample
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Character c; combining characters acute and cedilla; character 3/4
        String s1 = new String(new char[] { '\u0063', '\u0301', '\u0327', 
            '\u00BE' });
        String s2 = null;
        String divider = new String('-', 80);
        divider = String.Concat(Environment.get_NewLine(), divider, 
            Environment.get_NewLine());

        try {
            Show("s1", s1);
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C");
            Console.WriteLine("U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT");
            Console.WriteLine("U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA");
            Console.WriteLine("U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS");
            Console.WriteLine(divider);

            Console.WriteLine("A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form " 
                + "(Form C)?: {0}", System.Convert.ToString(s1.IsNormalized()));
            Console.WriteLine("A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  {0}", 
                System.Convert.ToString(s1.
                IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC)));
            Console.WriteLine("A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  {0}", 
                System.Convert.ToString(s1.
                IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD)));
            Console.WriteLine("A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: {0}", 
                System.Convert.ToString(s1.
                IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC)));
            Console.WriteLine("A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: {0}", 
                System.Convert.ToString(s1.
                IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD)));

            Console.WriteLine(divider);

            Console.WriteLine("Set string s2 to each normalized form of " 
                + "string s1.");
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA " 
                + "AND ACUTE");
            Console.WriteLine("U+0033 = DIGIT THREE");
            Console.WriteLine("U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH");
            Console.WriteLine("U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR");
            Console.WriteLine(divider);

            s2 = s1.Normalize();
            Console.Write("B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form " 
                + "(Form C)?: ");
            Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized());
            Show("s2", s2);
            Console.WriteLine();

            s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormC);
            Console.Write("B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: ");
            Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormC));
            Show("s2", s2);
            Console.WriteLine();

            s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormD);
            Console.Write("B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: ");
            Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormD));
            Show("s2", s2);
            Console.WriteLine();

            s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKC);
            Console.Write("B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: ");
            Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKC));
            Show("s2", s2);
            Console.WriteLine();

            s2 = s1.Normalize(NormalizationForm.FormKD);
            Console.Write("B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: ");
            Console.WriteLine(s2.IsNormalized(NormalizationForm.FormKD));
            Show("s2", s2);
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
        catch (System.Exception e) {
            Console.WriteLine(e.get_Message());
        }
    } //main

    private static void Show(String title, String s)
    {
        Console.Write("Characters in string {0} = ", title);
        char myCharArray[] = s.ToCharArray();
        for (int iCtr = 0; iCtr < myCharArray.length; iCtr++) {
            char c = myCharArray[iCtr];
            Console.Write(((System.Int32)c).ToString("X4") + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    } //Show
} //Sample
/*
This example produces the following results:

Characters in string s1 = 0063 0301 0327 00BE

U+0063 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C
U+0301 = COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
U+0327 = COMBINING CEDILLA
U+00BE = VULGAR FRACTION THREE QUARTERS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A1) Is s1 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: False
A2) Is s1 normalized to Form C?:  False
A3) Is s1 normalized to Form D?:  False
A4) Is s1 normalized to Form KC?: False
A5) Is s1 normalized to Form KD?: False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Set string s2 to each normalized form of string s1.

U+1E09 = LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CEDILLA AND ACUTE
U+0033 = DIGIT THREE
U+2044 = FRACTION SLASH
U+0034 = DIGIT FOUR

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B1) Is s2 normalized to the default form (Form C)?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B2) Is s2 normalized to Form C?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 00BE

B3) Is s2 normalized to Form D?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 00BE

B4) Is s2 normalized to Form KC?: True
Characters in string s2 = 1E09 0033 2044 0034

B5) Is s2 normalized to Form KD?: True
Characters in string s2 = 0063 0327 0301 0033 2044 0034

*/

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

.NET Framework non supporta tutte le versioni di ciascuna piattaforma. Per un elenco delle versioni supportate, vedere Requisiti di sistema.

.NET Framework

Supportato in: 2.0

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