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Metodo ILGenerator.EmitWriteLine (String)

 

Data di pubblicazione: ottobre 2016

Crea il codice Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) per chiamare Console.WriteLine con una stringa.

Spazio dei nomi:   System.Reflection.Emit
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual void EmitWriteLine(
	string value
)

Parametri

value
Type: System.String

La stringa da stampare.

La stringa deve già definita.

L'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato l'utilizzo contestuale del EmitWriteLine metodo per scrivere una stringa sulla console in un metodo dinamico.


using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

class EmitWriteLineDemo {

   public static Type CreateDynamicType() {       
       Type[] ctorParams = new Type[] {typeof(int),
				   typeof(int)};

       AppDomain myDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
       AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
       myAsmName.Name = "MyDynamicAssembly";

       AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
				      myAsmName, 
				      AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

       ModuleBuilder pointModule = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("PointModule",
								    "Point.dll");

       TypeBuilder pointTypeBld = pointModule.DefineType("Point",
					              TypeAttributes.Public);

       FieldBuilder xField = pointTypeBld.DefineField("x", typeof(int),
                                                      FieldAttributes.Public);
       FieldBuilder yField = pointTypeBld.DefineField("y", typeof(int), 
                                                      FieldAttributes.Public);


       Type objType = Type.GetType("System.Object"); 
       ConstructorInfo objCtor = objType.GetConstructor(new Type[0]);

       ConstructorBuilder pointCtor = pointTypeBld.DefineConstructor(
 				                   MethodAttributes.Public,
				                   CallingConventions.Standard,
				                   ctorParams);
       ILGenerator ctorIL = pointCtor.GetILGenerator();


       // First, you build the constructor.
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Call, objCtor);
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, xField); 
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_2);
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Stfld, yField); 
       ctorIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret); 

       //  Now, you'll build a method to output some information on the
       // inside your dynamic class. This method will have the following
       // definition in C#:
	//  public void WritePoint()

       MethodBuilder writeStrMthd = pointTypeBld.DefineMethod(
        		                     "WritePoint", 
				             MethodAttributes.Public,
                                             typeof(void), 
                                             null);


       ILGenerator writeStrIL = writeStrMthd.GetILGenerator();

       // The below ILGenerator created demonstrates a few ways to create
       // string output through STDIN. 

       // ILGenerator.EmitWriteLine(string) will generate a ldstr and a 
       // call to WriteLine for you.

       writeStrIL.EmitWriteLine("The value of this current instance is:");

       // Here, you will do the hard work yourself. First, you need to create
       // the string we will be passing and obtain the correct WriteLine overload
       // for said string. In the below case, you are substituting in two values,
       // so the chosen overload is Console.WriteLine(string, object, object).

       String inStr = "({0}, {1})";
       Type[] wlParams = new Type[] {typeof(string),
				     typeof(object),
				     typeof(object)};

       // We need the MethodInfo to pass into EmitCall later.

       MethodInfo writeLineMI = typeof(Console).GetMethod(
					        "WriteLine",
						wlParams);

       // Push the string with the substitutions onto the stack.
       // This is the first argument for WriteLine - the string one. 

       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, inStr);

       // Since the second argument is an object, and it corresponds to
       // to the substitution for the value of our integer field, you 
       // need to box that field to an object. First, push a reference
       // to the current instance, and then push the value stored in
       // field 'x'. We need the reference to the current instance (stored
       // in local argument index 0) so Ldfld can load from the correct
       // instance (this one).

       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, xField);

       // Now, we execute the box opcode, which pops the value of field 'x',
       // returning a reference to the integer value boxed as an object.

       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Box, typeof(int));

       // Atop the stack, you'll find our string inStr, followed by a reference
       // to the boxed value of 'x'. Now, you need to likewise box field 'y'.

       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldfld, yField);
       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Box, typeof(int));

       // Now, you have all of the arguments for your call to
       // Console.WriteLine(string, object, object) atop the stack:
       // the string InStr, a reference to the boxed value of 'x', and
       // a reference to the boxed value of 'y'.

       // Call Console.WriteLine(string, object, object) with EmitCall.

       writeStrIL.EmitCall(OpCodes.Call, writeLineMI, null);

       // Lastly, EmitWriteLine can also output the value of a field
       // using the overload EmitWriteLine(FieldInfo).

       writeStrIL.EmitWriteLine("The value of 'x' is:");
       writeStrIL.EmitWriteLine(xField);
       writeStrIL.EmitWriteLine("The value of 'y' is:");
       writeStrIL.EmitWriteLine(yField);

       // Since we return no value (void), the the ret opcode will not
       // return the top stack value.

       writeStrIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

       return pointTypeBld.CreateType();

   }

   public static void Main() {

      object[] ctorParams = new object[2];

      Console.Write("Enter a integer value for X: "); 
      string myX = Console.ReadLine();
      Console.Write("Enter a integer value for Y: "); 
      string myY = Console.ReadLine();

      Console.WriteLine("---");

      ctorParams[0] = Convert.ToInt32(myX);
      ctorParams[1] = Convert.ToInt32(myY);

      Type ptType = CreateDynamicType();

      object ptInstance = Activator.CreateInstance(ptType, ctorParams);
      ptType.InvokeMember("WritePoint",
			  BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
			  null,
			  ptInstance,
			  new object[0]);
   }
}

.NET Framework
Disponibile da 1.1
Libreria di classi portabile
Supportato in: piattaforme .NET portabili
Silverlight
Disponibile da 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Disponibile da 7.1
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