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MouseButtons énumération

 

Date de publication : novembre 2016

Spécifie les constantes qui définissent quel bouton de la souris.

Cette énumération possède un attribut FlagsAttribute qui permet une combinaison d’opérations de bits de ses valeurs membres.

Espace de noms:   System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (dans System.Windows.Forms.dll)

[FlagsAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public enum MouseButtons

Nom du membreDescription
Left

Cliquez sur le bouton gauche de la souris.

Middle

Cliquez sur le bouton central de la souris.

None

Aucun bouton de la souris.

Right

Cliquez sur le bouton droit de la souris.

XButton1

Le premier XButton a été enfoncé.

XButton2

Le second XButton a été enfoncé.

Cette énumération est utilisée par de nombreuses classes, y compris AxHost, Control, DataGrid, Form, RadioButton, Splitter, StatusBar, et UpDownBase.

L’exemple suivant montre comment utiliser le GetCharFromPosition méthode pour obtenir un caractère à partir du contenu d’un RichTextBox donné des coordonnées de son contrôle. L’exemple de code utilise les coordonnées situées dans le MouseEventArgs objet passé en tant que paramètre au gestionnaire d’événements pour déterminer l’emplacement dans le contrôle pour obtenir le caractère. Le caractère s’affiche ensuite dans un MessageBox si elle n’est pas un caractère d’espacement. Cet exemple suppose qu’un RichTextBox contrôle nommé richTextBox1 a été créé et que l’exemple de code est connecté à la MouseDown événements du RichTextBox.

private void richTextBox1_MouseDown(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e)
{
	// Determine which mouse button is clicked.
	if(e.Button == MouseButtons.Left)
	{
		// Obtain the character at which the mouse cursor was clicked at.
		char tempChar = richTextBox1.GetCharFromPosition(new Point(e.X, e.Y));
		// Determine whether the character is an empty space.
		if (tempChar.ToString() != " ")
			// Display the character in a message box.
			MessageBox.Show("The character at the specified position is " + tempChar + ".");

	}
}

L’exemple suivant illustre l’utilisation de différents événements de souris pour dessiner le chemin de la souris sur un Panel. Un segment de ligne est ajouté à la GraphicsPath pour chaque MouseMove et MouseDown les événements qui se produisent. Pour mettre à jour les graphiques, la Invalidate méthode est appelée pour le Panel sur chaque MouseDown et MouseUp événement. En outre, le chemin des graphiques défile vers le haut ou vers le bas lorsque le MouseWheel événement se produit. Événements de souris supplémentaires, tels que MouseHover, sont identifiés à l’écran. Sont également affichées sur l’écran de plus d’informations sur la souris à partir de la SystemInformation classe.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace MouseEvent
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.Panel panel1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label3;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label4;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label5;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label6;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label7;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label8;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label9;
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button clearButton;
        private System.Drawing.Drawing2D.GraphicsPath mousePath;
        private System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox groupBox1;

        private int fontSize = 20;        

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1()
        {            
            mousePath = new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.GraphicsPath();

            this.panel1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Panel();
            this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.clearButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label4 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label5 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label6 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label7 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label8 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.label9 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
            this.groupBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.GroupBox();

            // Mouse Events Label
            this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 504);
            this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(392, 23);
            // DoubleClickSize Label
            this.label2.AutoSize = true;
            this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 48);
            this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // DoubleClickTime Label
            this.label3.AutoSize = true;
            this.label3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 72);
            this.label3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MousePresent Label
            this.label4.AutoSize = true;
            this.label4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 96);
            this.label4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseButtons Label
            this.label5.AutoSize = true;
            this.label5.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(24, 120);
            this.label5.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseButtonsSwapped Label
            this.label6.AutoSize = true;
            this.label6.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 48);
            this.label6.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseWheelPresent Label
            this.label7.AutoSize = true;
            this.label7.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 72);
            this.label7.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // MouseWheelScrollLines Label
            this.label8.AutoSize = true;
            this.label8.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 96);
            this.label8.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);
            // NativeMouseWheelSupport Label
            this.label9.AutoSize = true;
            this.label9.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(320, 120);
            this.label9.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(35, 13);

            // Mouse Panel
            this.panel1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.panel1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.ControlDark;
            this.panel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 160);
            this.panel1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(664, 320);
            this.panel1.MouseUp += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseUp);
            this.panel1.Paint += new System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventHandler(this.panel1_Paint);
            this.panel1.MouseEnter += new System.EventHandler(this.panel1_MouseEnter);
            this.panel1.MouseHover += new System.EventHandler(this.panel1_MouseHover);
            this.panel1.MouseMove += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseMove);
            this.panel1.MouseLeave += new System.EventHandler(this.panel1_MouseLeave);
            this.panel1.MouseDown += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseDown);
            this.panel1.MouseWheel += new System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventHandler(this.panel1_MouseWheel);

            // Clear Button
            this.clearButton.Anchor = (System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.clearButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(592, 504);
            this.clearButton.TabIndex = 1;
            this.clearButton.Text = "Clear";
            this.clearButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.clearButton_Click);

            // GroupBox
            this.groupBox1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left) 
                | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.groupBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(16, 24);
            this.groupBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(664, 128);
            this.groupBox1.Text = "System.Windows.Forms.SystemInformation";

            // Set up how the form should be displayed and add the controls to the form.
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(696, 534);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {
                                        this.label9,this.label8,this.label7,this.label6,
                                        this.label5,this.label4,this.label3,this.label2,
                                        this.clearButton,this.panel1,this.label1,this.groupBox1});
            this.Text = "Mouse Event Example";

            // Displays information about the system mouse.
            label2.Text = "SystemInformation.DoubleClickSize: " + SystemInformation.DoubleClickSize.ToString();
            label3.Text = "SystemInformation.DoubleClickTime: " + SystemInformation.DoubleClickTime.ToString();
            label4.Text = "SystemInformation.MousePresent: " + SystemInformation.MousePresent.ToString();
            label5.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseButtons: " + SystemInformation.MouseButtons.ToString();
            label6.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseButtonsSwapped: " + SystemInformation.MouseButtonsSwapped.ToString();
            label7.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseWheelPresent: " + SystemInformation.MouseWheelPresent.ToString();
            label8.Text = "SystemInformation.MouseWheelScrollLines: " + SystemInformation.MouseWheelScrollLines.ToString();
            label9.Text = "SystemInformation.NativeMouseWheelSupport: " + SystemInformation.NativeMouseWheelSupport.ToString();

        }

        private void panel1_MouseDown(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse path with the mouse information
            Point mouseDownLocation = new Point(e.X, e.Y);

            string eventString = null;
            switch (e.Button) {
                case MouseButtons.Left:
                    eventString = "L";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.Right:
                    eventString = "R";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.Middle:
                    eventString = "M";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.XButton1:
                    eventString = "X1";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.XButton2:
                    eventString = "X2";
                    break;
                case MouseButtons.None:
                default:
                    break;
            }

            if (eventString != null) 
            {
                mousePath.AddString(eventString, FontFamily.GenericSerif, (int)FontStyle.Bold, fontSize, mouseDownLocation, StringFormat.GenericDefault);
            }
            else 
            {
                mousePath.AddLine(mouseDownLocation,mouseDownLocation);
            }
            panel1.Focus();
            panel1.Invalidate();
        }

        private void panel1_MouseEnter(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse event label to indicate the MouseEnter event occurred.
            label1.Text = sender.GetType().ToString() + ": MouseEnter";
        }

        private void panel1_MouseHover(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse event label to indicate the MouseHover event occurred.
            label1.Text = sender.GetType().ToString() + ": MouseHover";
        }

        private void panel1_MouseLeave(object sender, System.EventArgs e) 
        {
            // Update the mouse event label to indicate the MouseLeave event occurred.
            label1.Text = sender.GetType().ToString() + ": MouseLeave";
        }

        private void panel1_MouseMove(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            // Update the mouse path that is drawn onto the Panel.
            int mouseX = e.X;
            int mouseY = e.Y;

            mousePath.AddLine(mouseX,mouseY,mouseX,mouseY);
        }

        private void panel1_MouseWheel(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            // Update the drawing based upon the mouse wheel scrolling.

            int numberOfTextLinesToMove = e.Delta * SystemInformation.MouseWheelScrollLines / 120;
            int numberOfPixelsToMove = numberOfTextLinesToMove * fontSize;

            if (numberOfPixelsToMove != 0) {
                System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix translateMatrix = new  System.Drawing.Drawing2D.Matrix();
                translateMatrix.Translate(0, numberOfPixelsToMove);
                mousePath.Transform(translateMatrix);
            }
            panel1.Invalidate();
        }
        private void panel1_MouseUp(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.MouseEventArgs e) 
        {
            Point mouseUpLocation = new System.Drawing.Point(e.X, e.Y);

            // Show the number of clicks in the path graphic.
            int numberOfClicks = e.Clicks;
            mousePath.AddString("    " + numberOfClicks.ToString(), 
                        FontFamily.GenericSerif, (int)FontStyle.Bold, 
                        fontSize, mouseUpLocation, StringFormat.GenericDefault);

            panel1.Invalidate();
        }

        private void panel1_Paint(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.PaintEventArgs e) 
        {    
            // Perform the painting of the Panel.
            e.Graphics.DrawPath(System.Drawing.Pens.DarkRed, mousePath);
        }

        private void clearButton_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            // Clear the Panel display.
            mousePath.Dispose();
            mousePath = new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.GraphicsPath();
            panel1.Invalidate();
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework
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