Cet article a fait l’objet d’une traduction automatique. Pour afficher l’article en anglais, activez la case d’option Anglais. Vous pouvez également afficher le texte anglais dans une fenêtre contextuelle en faisant glisser le pointeur de la souris sur le texte traduit.
Traduction
Anglais

Action délégué

 

Date de publication : novembre 2016

Encapsule une méthode dépourvue de paramètre et ne retournant aucune valeur.

Espace de noms:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (dans mscorlib.dll)

public delegate void Action()

You can use this delegate to pass a method as a parameter without explicitly declaring a custom delegate. The encapsulated method must correspond to the method signature that is defined by this delegate. This means that the encapsulated method must have no parameters and no return value. (In C#, the method must return void. In Visual Basic, it must be defined by the Sub…End Sub construct. It can also be a method that returns a value that is ignored.) Typically, such a method is used to perform an operation.

System_CAPS_noteRemarque

To reference a method that has no parameters and returns a value, use the generic T:System.Func`1 delegate instead.

When you use the T:System.Action delegate, you do not have to explicitly define a delegate that encapsulates a parameterless procedure. For example, the following code explicitly declares a delegate named ShowValue and assigns a reference to the Name.DisplayToWindow instance method to its delegate instance.

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public delegate void ShowValue();

public class Name
{
   private string instanceName;

   public Name(string name)
   {
      this.instanceName = name;
   }

   public void DisplayToConsole()
   {
      Console.WriteLine(this.instanceName);
   }

   public void DisplayToWindow()
   {
      MessageBox.Show(this.instanceName);
   }
}

public class testTestDelegate
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Name testName = new Name("Koani");
      ShowValue showMethod = testName.DisplayToWindow;
      showMethod();
   }
}

The following example simplifies this code by instantiating the T:System.Action delegate instead of explicitly defining a new delegate and assigning a named method to it.

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Name
{
   private string instanceName;

   public Name(string name)
   {
      this.instanceName = name;
   }

   public void DisplayToConsole()
   {
      Console.WriteLine(this.instanceName);
   }

   public void DisplayToWindow()
   {
      MessageBox.Show(this.instanceName);
   }
}

public class testTestDelegate
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Name testName = new Name("Koani");
      Action showMethod = testName.DisplayToWindow;
      showMethod();
   }
}

You can also use the T:System.Action delegate with anonymous methods in C#, as the following example illustrates. (For an introduction to anonymous methods, see Anonymous Methods (C# Programming Guide).)

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Name
{
   private string instanceName;

   public Name(string name)
   {
      this.instanceName = name;
   }

   public void DisplayToConsole()
   {
      Console.WriteLine(this.instanceName);
   }

   public void DisplayToWindow()
   {
      MessageBox.Show(this.instanceName);
   }
}

public class Anonymous
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Name testName = new Name("Koani");
      Action showMethod = delegate() { testName.DisplayToWindow();} ;
      showMethod();
   }
}

You can also assign a lambda expression to an T:System.Action delegate instance, as the following example illustrates. (For an introduction to lambda expressions, see Lambda Expressions (C# Programming Guide).)

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Name
{
   private string instanceName;

   public Name(string name)
   {
      this.instanceName = name;
   }

   public void DisplayToConsole()
   {
      Console.WriteLine(this.instanceName);
   }

   public void DisplayToWindow()
   {
      MessageBox.Show(this.instanceName);
   }
}

public class LambdaExpression
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Name testName = new Name("Koani");
      Action showMethod = () => testName.DisplayToWindow();
      showMethod();
   }
}

Plateforme Windows universelle
Disponible depuis 8
.NET Framework
Disponible depuis 3.5
Bibliothèque de classes portable
Pris en charge dans : plateformes .NET portables
Silverlight
Disponible depuis 2.0
Silverlight pour Windows Phone
Disponible depuis 7.0
Windows Phone
Disponible depuis 8.1
Retour au début
Afficher: