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IStorage::Commit (Windows CE 5.0)

Windows CE 5.0
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This method ensures that any changes made to a storage object open in transacted mode are reflected in the parent storage.

For a root storage, this method reflects the changes in the actual device, for example, a file on disk.

For a root storage object opened in direct mode, this method has no effect except to flush all memory buffers to the disk.

For nonroot storage objects in direct mode, this method has no effect.

HRESULT Commit( 
  DWORD grfCommitFlags 
);

Parameters

grfCommitFlags
[in] Value that controls how the changes are committed to the storage object. For a definition of these values, see the STGC enumeration.

Return Values

The following table shows the return values for this method.

ValueDescription
S_OKChanges to the storage object were successfully committed to the parent level.

If STGC_CONSOLIDATE was specified, the storage was successfully consolidated, or the storage was already too compact to consolidate further.

STG_S_MULTIPLEOPENSThe commit operation succeeded, but the storage could not be consolidated because it had been opened multiple times using the STGM_NOSNAPSHOT flag.
STG_S_CANNOTCONSOLIDATEThe commit operation succeeded, but the storage could not be consolidated due to an incorrect storage mode.

For compound files, the storage may have been opened using the STGM_NOSCRATCH flag, or the storage may not be the outermost transacted level.

STG_S_CONSOLIDATIONFAILEDThe commit operation succeeded, but the storage could not be consolidated due to an internal error.

For example, storage could not be consolidated if there is a memory allocation failure.

E_PENDINGAsynchronous storage only: Part or all of the data to be committed is currently unavailable.

For more information, see the IFillLockBytes interface and Asynchronous Storage.

STG_E_INVALIDFLAGThe value for the grfCommitFlags parameter is not valid.
STG_E_INVALIDPARAMETEROne of the parameters was not valid.
STG_E_NOTCURRENTAnother open instance of the storage object has committed changes. As a result, the current commit operation may overwrite previous changes.
STG_E_MEDIUMFULLNo space left on device to commit.
STG_E_TOOMANYOPENFILESThe commit operation could not be completed because there are too many open files.
STG_E_REVERTEDThe storage object has been invalidated by a revert operation above it in the transaction tree.

Remarks

IStorage::Commit makes permanent changes to a storage object that is in transacted mode, in which changes are accumulated in a buffer, and not reflected in the storage object until there is a call to this method.

The alternative is to open an object in direct mode, in which changes are immediately reflected in the storage object and therefore does not require a commit operation.

Calling this method on a storage opened in direct mode has no effect, unless it is a root storage, in which case it ensures that changes in memory buffers are written to the underlying storage device.

The commit operation publishes the current changes in this storage object and its children to the next level up in the storage hierarchy.

To undo current changes before committing them, call the IStorage::Revert method to roll back to the last-committed version.

Calling IStorage::Commit has no effect on currently-opened nested elements of this storage object. They are still valid and can be used. However, the IStorage::Commit method does not automatically commit changes to these nested elements.

The commit operation publishes only known changes to the next higher level of the storage hierarchy. Therefore, transactions to nested levels must be committed to this storage object before they can be committed to higher levels.

In commit operations, you need to take steps to ensure that data is protected during the commit process:

  • When committing changes to root storage objects, the caller must check the return value to determine whether the operation has been completed successfully, and if not, that the old committed contents of the IStorage interface are still intact and can be restored.
  • If this storage object was opened with some of its items excluded, then the caller is responsible for rewriting them before calling commit. Write mode is required on the storage opening for the commit to succeed.
  • Unless prohibiting multiple simultaneous writers on the same storage object, an application calling this method should specify at least STGC_ONLYIFCURRENT in the grfCommitFlags parameter to prevent the changes made by one writer from inadvertently overwriting the changes made by another.

If the STGC_CONSOLIDATE flag is not supported by a storage implementation, then calling IStorage::Commit with STGC_CONSOLIDATE specified in the grfCommitFlags parameter returns the value STG_E_INVALIDFLAG.

To determine whether the platform supports this interface, see Determining Supported COM APIs.

Requirements

OS Versions: Windows CE 2.0 and later.
Header: Objidl.h, Objidl.idl.
Link Library: Ole32.lib, Uuid.lib.

See Also

IFillLockBytes | IStorage::Revert


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