Exemple de journal de suivi

Windows SharePoint Services 3

Voici un exemple de code qui montre comment écrire dans le journal de suivi. Pour une description détaillée des structures, énumérations et fonctions incluses dans l'exemple, voir Écriture dans le journal de suivi.

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration;

namespace ManagedTraceProvider
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            TraceProvider.RegisterTraceProvider();

            TraceProvider.WriteTrace(0, TraceProvider.TraceSeverity.High, Guid.Empty, "MyExeName", "Product Name", "Category Name", "Sample Message");
            TraceProvider.WriteTrace(TraceProvider.TagFromString("abcd"), TraceProvider.TraceSeverity.Monitorable, Guid.NewGuid(), "MyExeName", "Product Name", "Category Name", "Sample Message");

            TraceProvider.UnregisterTraceProvider();
        }
    }

    static class TraceProvider
    {
        static UInt64 hTraceLog;
        static UInt64 hTraceReg;

        static class NativeMethods
        {
            internal const int TRACE_VERSION_CURRENT = 1;
            internal const int ERROR_SUCCESS = 0;
            internal const int ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER = 87;
            internal const int WNODE_FLAG_TRACED_GUID = 0x00020000;

            internal enum TraceFlags
            {
                TRACE_FLAG_START = 1,
                TRACE_FLAG_END = 2,
                TRACE_FLAG_MIDDLE = 3,
                TRACE_FLAG_ID_AS_ASCII = 4
            }

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
            internal struct EVENT_TRACE_HEADER_CLASS
            {
                internal byte Type;
                internal byte Level;
                internal ushort Version;
            }

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
            internal struct EVENT_TRACE_HEADER
            {
                internal ushort Size;
                internal ushort FieldTypeFlags;
                internal EVENT_TRACE_HEADER_CLASS Class;
                internal uint ThreadId;
                internal uint ProcessId;
                internal Int64 TimeStamp;
                internal Guid Guid;
                internal uint ClientContext;
                internal uint Flags;
            }

            [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
            internal struct ULSTraceHeader
            {
                internal ushort Size;
                internal uint dwVersion;
                internal uint Id;
                internal Guid correlationID;
                internal TraceFlags dwFlags;
                [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 32)]
                internal string wzExeName;
                [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 32)]
                internal string wzProduct;
                [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 32)]
                internal string wzCategory;
                [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 800)]
                internal string wzMessage;
            }

            [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
            internal struct ULSTrace
            {
                internal EVENT_TRACE_HEADER Header;
                internal ULSTraceHeader ULSHeader;
            }

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            internal enum WMIDPREQUESTCODE
            {
                WMI_GET_ALL_DATA = 0,
                WMI_GET_SINGLE_INSTANCE = 1,
                WMI_SET_SINGLE_INSTANCE = 2,
                WMI_SET_SINGLE_ITEM = 3,
                WMI_ENABLE_EVENTS = 4,
                WMI_DISABLE_EVENTS = 5,
                WMI_ENABLE_COLLECTION = 6,
                WMI_DISABLE_COLLECTION = 7,
                WMI_REGINFO = 8,
                WMI_EXECUTE_METHOD = 9
            }

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            internal unsafe delegate uint EtwProc(NativeMethods.WMIDPREQUESTCODE requestCode, IntPtr requestContext, uint* bufferSize, IntPtr buffer);

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
            internal static extern unsafe uint RegisterTraceGuids([In] EtwProc cbFunc, [In] void* context, [In] ref Guid controlGuid, [In] uint guidCount, IntPtr guidReg, [In] string mofImagePath, [In] string mofResourceName, out ulong regHandle);

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
            internal static extern uint UnregisterTraceGuids([In]ulong regHandle);

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
            internal static extern UInt64 GetTraceLoggerHandle([In]IntPtr Buffer);

            // Copied from Win32 APIs
            [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true)]
            internal static extern uint TraceEvent([In]UInt64 traceHandle, [In]ref ULSTrace evnt);
        }

        public enum TraceSeverity
        {
            Unassigned = 0,
            CriticalEvent = 1,
            WarningEvent = 2,
            InformationEvent = 3,
            Exception = 4,
            Assert = 7,
            Unexpected = 10,
            Monitorable = 15,
            High = 20,
            Medium = 50,
            Verbose = 100,
        }

        public static void WriteTrace(uint tag, TraceSeverity level, Guid correlationGuid, string exeName, string productName, string categoryName, string message)
        {
            const ushort sizeOfWCHAR = 2;
            NativeMethods.ULSTrace ulsTrace = new NativeMethods.ULSTrace();

            // Pretty standard code needed to make things work
            ulsTrace.Header.Size = (ushort)Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(NativeMethods.ULSTrace));
            ulsTrace.Header.Flags = NativeMethods.WNODE_FLAG_TRACED_GUID;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.dwVersion = NativeMethods.TRACE_VERSION_CURRENT;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.dwFlags = NativeMethods.TraceFlags.TRACE_FLAG_ID_AS_ASCII;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.Size = (ushort)Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(NativeMethods.ULSTraceHeader));

            // Variables communicated to SPTrace
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.Id = tag;
            ulsTrace.Header.Class.Level = (byte)level;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.wzExeName = exeName;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.wzProduct = productName;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.wzCategory = categoryName;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.wzMessage = message;
            ulsTrace.ULSHeader.correlationID = correlationGuid;

            // Pptionally, to improve performance by reducing the amount of data copied around,
            // the Size parameters can be reduced by the amount of unused buffer in the Message
            if (message.Length < 800)
            {
                ushort unusedBuffer = (ushort) ((800 - (message.Length + 1)) * sizeOfWCHAR);
                ulsTrace.Header.Size -= unusedBuffer;
                ulsTrace.ULSHeader.Size -= unusedBuffer;
            }

            if (hTraceLog != 0)
                NativeMethods.TraceEvent(hTraceLog, ref ulsTrace);
        }

        public static unsafe void RegisterTraceProvider()
        {
            SPFarm farm = SPFarm.Local;
            Guid traceGuid = farm.TraceSessionGuid;
            uint result = NativeMethods.RegisterTraceGuids(ControlCallback, null, ref traceGuid, 0, IntPtr.Zero, null, null, out hTraceReg);
            System.Diagnostics.Debug.Assert(result == NativeMethods.ERROR_SUCCESS);
        }

        public static void UnregisterTraceProvider()
        {
            uint result = NativeMethods.UnregisterTraceGuids(hTraceReg);
            System.Diagnostics.Debug.Assert(result == NativeMethods.ERROR_SUCCESS);
        }

        public static uint TagFromString(string wzTag)
        {
            System.Diagnostics.Debug.Assert(wzTag.Length == 4);
            return (uint) (wzTag[0] << 24 | wzTag[1] << 16 | wzTag[2] << 8 | wzTag[3]);
        }

        static unsafe uint ControlCallback(NativeMethods.WMIDPREQUESTCODE RequestCode, IntPtr Context, uint* InOutBufferSize, IntPtr Buffer)
        {
            uint Status;
            switch (RequestCode)
            {
                case NativeMethods.WMIDPREQUESTCODE.WMI_ENABLE_EVENTS:
                    hTraceLog = NativeMethods.GetTraceLoggerHandle(Buffer);
                    Status = NativeMethods.ERROR_SUCCESS;
                    break;
                case NativeMethods.WMIDPREQUESTCODE.WMI_DISABLE_EVENTS:
                    hTraceLog = 0;
                    Status = NativeMethods.ERROR_SUCCESS;
                    break;
                default:
                    Status = NativeMethods.ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER;
                    break;
            }

            *InOutBufferSize = 0;
            return Status;
        }
    }
}

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