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FolderBrowserDialog (Clase)

Pide al usuario que seleccione una carpeta. Esta clase no se puede heredar.

Espacio de nombres: System.Windows.Forms
Ensamblado: System.Windows.Forms (en system.windows.forms.dll)

public sealed class FolderBrowserDialog : CommonDialog
public final class FolderBrowserDialog extends CommonDialog
public final class FolderBrowserDialog extends CommonDialog
No aplicable.

Esta clase proporciona un modo de preguntar al usuario si desea examinar, crear y, posteriormente, seleccionar una carpeta. Utilice esta clase si sólo desea que el usuario seleccione carpetas, pero no archivos. Las carpetas se examinan mediante un control de árbol. Sólo se pueden seleccionar las carpetas del sistema de archivos, las carpetas virtuales no.

Normalmente, después de crear un FolderBrowserDialog nuevo, RootFolder se establece en la ubicación desde donde se va a comenzar a examinar. SelectedPath puede establecerse también en una ruta de acceso absoluta a una subcarpeta de RootFolder que se seleccionará inicialmente. Otra posibilidad es establecer la propiedad Description para proporcionar instrucciones adicionales al usuario. Por último, se llama al método ShowDialog para que muestre el cuadro de diálogo al usuario. Si se cierra el cuadro de diálogo y el resultado de ShowDialog es DialogResult.OK, SelectedPath será una cadena que contenga la ruta de acceso a la carpeta seleccionada.

Es posible utilizar la propiedad ShowNewFolderButton para controlar si el usuario tiene permiso para crear carpetas nuevas con el botón Nueva carpeta.

FolderBrowserDialog es un cuadro de diálogo modal, por lo tanto, cuando se muestra, bloquea el resto de la aplicación hasta que el usuario elige una carpeta. Cuando un cuadro de diálogo se muestra en forma modal, no puede producirse ninguna entrada de datos (mediante teclado o haciendo clic con el mouse), a excepción de los objetos del cuadro de diálogo. El programa debe ocultar o cerrar el cuadro de diálogo (normalmente, como respuesta a alguna acción del usuario) antes de que pueda producirse una entrada de datos en el programa de llamada.

El ejemplo de código siguiente crea una aplicación que le permite al usuario abrir los archivos de texto enriquecido (.rtf) dentro del control RichTextBox.

// The following example displays an application that provides the ability to 
// open rich text files (rtf) into the RichTextBox. The example demonstrates 
// using the FolderBrowserDialog to set the default directory for opening files.
// The OpenFileDialog class is used to open the file.
using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.IO;

public class FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
    private FolderBrowserDialog folderBrowserDialog1;
    private OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1;
    
    private RichTextBox richTextBox1;

    private MainMenu mainMenu1;
    private MenuItem fileMenuItem, openMenuItem;
    private MenuItem folderMenuItem, closeMenuItem;
    
    private string openFileName, folderName;

    private bool fileOpened = false;

    // The main entry point for the application.
    static void Main() 
    {
        Application.Run(new FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm());
    }


    // Constructor.
    public FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm()
    {
        this.mainMenu1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MainMenu();
        this.fileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.openMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.folderMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.closeMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();

        this.openFileDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog();
        this.folderBrowserDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.FolderBrowserDialog();
        this.richTextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox();

        this.mainMenu1.MenuItems.Add(this.fileMenuItem);
        this.fileMenuItem.MenuItems.AddRange(
                            new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] {this.openMenuItem,
                                                                 this.closeMenuItem,
                                                                 this.folderMenuItem});
        this.fileMenuItem.Text = "File";

        this.openMenuItem.Text = "Open...";
        this.openMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.openMenuItem_Click);

        this.folderMenuItem.Text = "Select Directory...";
        this.folderMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.folderMenuItem_Click);

        this.closeMenuItem.Text = "Close";
        this.closeMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.closeMenuItem_Click);
        this.closeMenuItem.Enabled = false;

        this.openFileDialog1.DefaultExt = "rtf";
        this.openFileDialog1.Filter = "rtf files (*.rtf)|*.rtf";

        // Set the help text description for the FolderBrowserDialog.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.Description = 
            "Select the directory that you want to use as the default.";

        // Do not allow the user to create new files via the FolderBrowserDialog.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.ShowNewFolderButton = false;

        // Default to the My Documents folder.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.RootFolder = Environment.SpecialFolder.Personal;

        this.richTextBox1.AcceptsTab = true;
        this.richTextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 8);
        this.richTextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(280, 344);
        this.richTextBox1.Anchor = AnchorStyles.Top | AnchorStyles.Left | 
                                   AnchorStyles.Bottom | AnchorStyles.Right;

        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(296, 360);
        this.Controls.Add(this.richTextBox1);
        this.Menu = this.mainMenu1;
        this.Text = "RTF Document Browser";
    }

    // Bring up a dialog to open a file.
    private void openMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // If a file is not opened, then set the initial directory to the
        // FolderBrowserDialog.SelectedPath value.
        if (!fileOpened) {
            openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = folderBrowserDialog1.SelectedPath;
            openFileDialog1.FileName = null;
        }

        // Display the openFile dialog.
        DialogResult result = openFileDialog1.ShowDialog();

        // OK button was pressed.
        if(result == DialogResult.OK) 
        {
            openFileName = openFileDialog1.FileName;
            try
            {
                // Output the requested file in richTextBox1.
                Stream s = openFileDialog1.OpenFile();
                richTextBox1.LoadFile(s, RichTextBoxStreamType.RichText);
                s.Close();    
            
                fileOpened = true;

            } 
            catch(Exception exp)
            {
                MessageBox.Show("An error occurred while attempting to load the file. The error is:" 
                                + System.Environment.NewLine + exp.ToString() + System.Environment.NewLine);
                fileOpened = false;
            }
            Invalidate();

            closeMenuItem.Enabled = fileOpened;
        }

        // Cancel button was pressed.
        else if(result == DialogResult.Cancel) 
        {
            return;
        }
    }


    // Close the current file.
    private void closeMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        richTextBox1.Text = "";
        fileOpened = false;

        closeMenuItem.Enabled = false;
    }


    // Bring up a dialog to chose a folder path in which to open or save a file.
    private void folderMenuItem_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // Show the FolderBrowserDialog.
        DialogResult result = folderBrowserDialog1.ShowDialog();
        if( result == DialogResult.OK )
        {
            folderName = folderBrowserDialog1.SelectedPath;
            if(!fileOpened)
            {
                // No file is opened, bring up openFileDialog in selected path.
                openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = folderName;
                openFileDialog1.FileName = null;
                openMenuItem.PerformClick();
            } 
        }
    }
}

// The following example displays an application that provides the ability to 
// open rich text files (rtf) into the RichTextBox. The example demonstrates 
// using the FolderBrowserDialog to set the default directory for opening files.
// The OpenFileDialog class is used to open the file.
import System.*;
import System.Drawing.*;
import System.Windows.Forms.*;
import System.IO.*;

public class FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm extends System.Windows.Forms.Form
{
    private FolderBrowserDialog folderBrowserDialog1;
    private OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1;
    private RichTextBox richTextBox1;
    private MainMenu mainMenu1;
    private MenuItem fileMenuItem, openMenuItem;
    private MenuItem folderMenuItem, closeMenuItem;
    private String openFileName, folderName;
    private boolean fileOpened = false;

    // The main entry point for the application.
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Application.Run(new FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm());
    } //main

    // Constructor.
    public FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm()
    {
        this.mainMenu1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MainMenu();
        this.fileMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.openMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.folderMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();
        this.closeMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem();

        this.openFileDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog();
        this.folderBrowserDialog1 = 
            new System.Windows.Forms.FolderBrowserDialog();
        this.richTextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox();

        this.mainMenu1.get_MenuItems().Add(this.fileMenuItem);
        this.fileMenuItem.get_MenuItems().AddRange(
            new System.Windows.Forms.MenuItem[] { this.openMenuItem, 
            this.closeMenuItem, this.folderMenuItem });
        this.fileMenuItem.set_Text("File");

        this.openMenuItem.set_Text("Open...");
        this.openMenuItem.add_Click(new System.EventHandler(
            this.openMenuItem_Click));

        this.folderMenuItem.set_Text("Select Directory...");
        this.folderMenuItem.add_Click(new System.EventHandler(
            this.folderMenuItem_Click));

        this.closeMenuItem.set_Text("Close");
        this.closeMenuItem.add_Click(new System.EventHandler(
            this.closeMenuItem_Click));
        this.closeMenuItem.set_Enabled(false);

        this.openFileDialog1.set_DefaultExt("rtf");
        this.openFileDialog1.set_Filter("rtf files (*.rtf)|*.rtf");
        // Set the help text description for the FolderBrowserDialog.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.set_Description("Select the directory " 
            + "that you want to use as the default.");
        // Do not allow the user to create new files via the 
        // FolderBrowserDialog.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.set_ShowNewFolderButton(false);
        // Default to the My Documents folder.
        this.folderBrowserDialog1.set_RootFolder(
            Environment.SpecialFolder.Personal);

        this.richTextBox1.set_AcceptsTab(true);
        this.richTextBox1.set_Location(new System.Drawing.Point(8, 8));
        this.richTextBox1.set_Size(new System.Drawing.Size(280, 344));
        this.richTextBox1.set_Anchor(AnchorStyles.Top | AnchorStyles.Left 
            | AnchorStyles.Bottom | AnchorStyles.Right);

        this.set_ClientSize(new System.Drawing.Size(296, 360));
        this.get_Controls().Add(this.richTextBox1);
        this.set_Menu(this.mainMenu1);
        this.set_Text("RTF Document Browser");
    } //FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm

    // Bring up a dialog to open a file.
    private void openMenuItem_Click(Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // If a file is not opened, then set the initial directory to the
        // FolderBrowserDialog.SelectedPath value.
        if (!(fileOpened)) {
            openFileDialog1.set_InitialDirectory(
                folderBrowserDialog1.get_SelectedPath());
            openFileDialog1.set_FileName(null);
        }
        // Display the openFile dialog.
        DialogResult result = openFileDialog1.ShowDialog();
        // OK button was pressed.
        if (result.Equals(get_DialogResult().OK)) {
            openFileName = openFileDialog1.get_FileName();
            try {
                // Output the requested file in richTextBox1.
                Stream s = openFileDialog1.OpenFile();
                richTextBox1.LoadFile(s, RichTextBoxStreamType.RichText);
                s.Close();
                fileOpened = true;
            }
            catch (System.Exception exp) {
                MessageBox.Show("An error occurred while attempting to " 
                    + "load the file. The error is:" 
                    + System.Environment.get_NewLine() 
                    + exp.ToString() + System.Environment.get_NewLine());
                fileOpened = false;
            }
            Invalidate();
            closeMenuItem.set_Enabled(fileOpened);
        }
        // Cancel button was pressed.
        else {
            if (result.Equals(get_DialogResult().Cancel)) {
                return;
            }
        }
    } //openMenuItem_Click

    // Close the current file.
    private void closeMenuItem_Click(Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        richTextBox1.set_Text("");
        fileOpened = false;
        closeMenuItem.set_Enabled(false);
    } //closeMenuItem_Click

    // Bring up a dialog to chose a folder path in which to open or save a file.
    private void folderMenuItem_Click(Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
    {
        // Show the FolderBrowserDialog.
        DialogResult result = folderBrowserDialog1.ShowDialog();
        if (result.Equals(get_DialogResult().OK)) {
            folderName = folderBrowserDialog1.get_SelectedPath();
            if (!(fileOpened)) {
                // No file is opened, bring up openFileDialog in selected path.
                openFileDialog1.set_InitialDirectory(folderName);
                openFileDialog1.set_FileName(null);
                openMenuItem.PerformClick();
            }
        }
    } //folderMenuItem_Click
} //FolderBrowserDialogExampleForm

System.Object
   System.MarshalByRefObject
     System.ComponentModel.Component
       System.Windows.Forms.CommonDialog
        System.Windows.Forms.FolderBrowserDialog

Los miembros estáticos públicos (Shared en Visual Basic) de este tipo son seguros para la ejecución de subprocesos. No se garantiza que los miembros de instancias sean seguros para la ejecución de subprocesos.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 Service Pack 4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium, Windows Mobile para Pocket PC, Windows Mobile para Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center, Windows XP Professional x64, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter

Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 es compatible con Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2 y Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Compatible con: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1
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