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Enumeración PerformanceCounterType

 

Publicado: noviembre de 2016

Especifica la fórmula utilizada para calcular el NextValue método para un PerformanceCounter instancia.

Espacio de nombres:   System.Diagnostics
Ensamblado:  System (en System.dll)

Public Enumeration PerformanceCounterType

Nombre de miembroDescripción
AverageBase

Contador base que se utiliza en el cálculo del promedio de tiempo o recuento, como AverageTimer32 y AverageCount64. Almacena el denominador para calcular un contador para presentar el "tiempo por operación" o "recuento por operación".

AverageCount64

Contador de promedio que muestra cuántos elementos se procesan, en promedio, durante una operación. Contadores de este tipo muestran la relación entre los elementos procesados y el número de operaciones completadas. La relación se calcula comparando el número de elementos procesados durante el último intervalo con el número de operaciones completadas durante el último intervalo.

AverageTimer32

Contador de promedio que mide el tiempo transcurrido, de promedio, para completar un proceso u operación. Contadores de este tipo muestran la relación entre el tiempo total transcurrido el intervalo de muestreo al número de procesos u operaciones completadas durante ese tiempo. Este tipo de contador mide el tiempo en pasos del reloj del sistema.

CounterDelta32

Contador de diferencia que muestra el cambio en el atributo medido entre los dos intervalos de muestra más recientes.

CounterDelta64

Contador de diferencia que muestra el cambio en el atributo medido entre los dos intervalos de muestra más recientes. Es el mismo que el CounterDelta32 el tipo de contador salvo que utiliza campos de mayor tamaño para dar cabida a los valores más grandes.

CounterMultiBase

Contador base que indica el número de elementos de muestra. Se utiliza como denominador en los cálculos para obtener un promedio de los elementos muestreados al tomar los intervalos de varios elementos similares. Se utiliza con CounterMultiTimer, CounterMultiTimerInverse, CounterMultiTimer100Ns, y CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse.

CounterMultiTimer

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el tiempo activo de uno o más componentes como un porcentaje del tiempo total del intervalo de ejemplo. Dado que el numerador registra el tiempo activo de componentes que funcionan simultáneamente, el porcentaje resultante puede superar el 100 por ciento.

CounterMultiTimer100Ns

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el tiempo activo de uno o más componentes como un porcentaje del tiempo total del intervalo de ejemplo. Mide el tiempo en unidades de 100 nanosegundos (ns).

CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el tiempo activo de uno o más componentes como un porcentaje del tiempo total del intervalo de ejemplo. Contadores de este tipo miden el tiempo en unidades de 100 nanosegundos (ns). Derivan el tiempo activo midiendo el tiempo que los componentes no estaban activos y restando el resultado de multiplicar 100 por ciento por el número de objetos supervisados.

CounterMultiTimerInverse

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el tiempo activo de uno o más componentes como un porcentaje del tiempo total del intervalo de ejemplo. Se deriva el tiempo activo midiendo el tiempo que los componentes no estaban activos y restando el resultado del 100 por ciento por el número de objetos supervisados.

CounterTimer

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el promedio de tiempo que un componente está activo como un porcentaje del tiempo total de ejemplo.

CounterTimerInverse

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el porcentaje promedio de tiempo activo observado durante el intervalo de muestra. El valor de estos contadores se calcula supervisando el porcentaje de tiempo que estuvo inactivo el servicio y restando ese valor del 100 por ciento.

CountPerTimeInterval32

Contador de promedio diseñado para supervisar la longitud promedio de la cola de un recurso con el tiempo. Muestra la diferencia entre las longitudes de cola observadas durante los dos últimos intervalos de muestra, divididos por la duración del intervalo. Este tipo de contador se utiliza normalmente para controlar el número de elementos que están en cola o en espera.

CountPerTimeInterval64

Contador de promedio que supervisa la longitud promedio de la cola de un recurso con el tiempo. Los contadores de este tipo muestran la diferencia entre las longitudes de cola observadas durante los dos últimos intervalos de muestra, divididos por la duración del intervalo. Este tipo de contador es el mismo que CountPerTimeInterval32 salvo que utiliza campos de mayor tamaño para poder albergar valores mayores. Este tipo de contador se utiliza normalmente para realizar el seguimiento de un número muy grande o de gran volumen de elementos que están en cola o en espera.

ElapsedTime

Temporizador de diferencia que muestra el tiempo total entre cuando se inicia el componente o proceso y el tiempo se calcula este valor.

NumberOfItems32

Un contador instantáneo que muestra el valor observado más reciente. Se utiliza, por ejemplo, para mantener un recuento simple de elementos o de operaciones.

NumberOfItems64

Un contador instantáneo que muestra el valor observado más reciente. Se utiliza, por ejemplo, para mantener un recuento simple de un gran número de elementos u operaciones. Es el mismo que NumberOfItems32 salvo que utiliza campos de mayor tamaño para poder albergar valores mayores.

NumberOfItemsHEX32

Un contador instantáneo que muestra el valor observado más reciente en formato hexadecimal. Se utiliza, por ejemplo, para mantener un recuento simple de elementos o de operaciones.

NumberOfItemsHEX64

Un contador instantáneo que muestra el valor observado más reciente. Se utiliza, por ejemplo, para mantener un recuento simple de un gran número de elementos u operaciones. Es el mismo que NumberOfItemsHEX32 salvo que utiliza campos de mayor tamaño para poder albergar valores mayores.

RateOfCountsPerSecond32

Contador de diferencia que muestra el número promedio de operaciones completadas durante cada segundo del intervalo de ejemplo. Contadores de este tipo miden el tiempo en pasos del reloj del sistema.

RateOfCountsPerSecond64

Contador de diferencia que muestra el número promedio de operaciones completadas durante cada segundo del intervalo de ejemplo. Contadores de este tipo miden el tiempo en pasos del reloj del sistema. Este tipo de contador es el mismo que el RateOfCountsPerSecond32 tipo, pero utiliza campos de mayor tamaño para dar cabida a los valores mayores para realizar el seguimiento de un alto número de elementos u operaciones por segundo, por ejemplo, una velocidad de transmisión de bytes.

RawBase

Contador base que almacena el denominador de un contador que presenta una fracción aritmética general. Compruebe que este valor es mayor que cero antes de utilizarlo como denominador en un RawFraction calcular el valor.

RawFraction

Contador de porcentaje instantáneo que muestra la relación entre un subconjunto y su conjunto como un porcentaje. Por ejemplo, compara el número de bytes en uso en un disco para el número total de bytes en el disco. Los contadores de este tipo muestran el porcentaje actual, no un promedio a lo largo de tiempo.

SampleBase

Contador base que almacena el número de muestreo interrumpe tomado y se utiliza como denominador de la fracción de muestreo. La fracción de muestreo es el número de muestras que dieron 1 (o true) para una interrupción de muestra. Compruebe que este valor es mayor que cero antes de utilizarlo como denominador en el cálculo del SampleFraction.

SampleCounter

Contador de promedio que muestra el número promedio de operaciones completadas en un segundo. Cuando un contador de este tipo muestrea los datos, cada interrupción de muestreo devuelve uno o cero. Los datos del contador están el número de muestreados. Mide el tiempo en unidades de pasos del contador de rendimiento del sistema.

SampleFraction

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el promedio de visitas a todas las operaciones durante los dos últimos intervalos de muestra.

Timer100Ns

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el tiempo activo de un componente como un porcentaje del tiempo total transcurrido el intervalo de muestra. Mide el tiempo en unidades de 100 nanosegundos (ns). Contadores de este tipo están diseñados para medir la actividad de un componente a la vez.

Timer100NsInverse

Contador de porcentaje que muestra el porcentaje promedio de tiempo activo observado durante el intervalo de muestra.

Algunos tipos de contador representan datos sin procesar, mientras que otros representan valores calculados que se basan en una o más muestras de contador. Las categorías siguientes clasifican los tipos de contadores disponibles.

  • Media: mide un valor con el tiempo y muestra el promedio de las dos últimas mediciones. Asociado a cada contador de promedio es un contador base que registra el número de muestras utilizadas.

  • Diferencia: resta la última medición de la anterior y muestra la diferencia, si es positivo; Si es negativo, muestra un cero.

  • Instantánea: mostrar la medida más reciente.

  • Porcentaje: mostrar valores calculados como un porcentaje.

  • Frecuencia: un número creciente de eventos de ejemplo con el tiempo y dividir el cambio en los valores de recuento en el cambio de hora para mostrar una tasa de actividad.

Durante el muestreo de datos del contador de rendimiento utilizando un tipo de contador que represente un promedio puede hacer que los valores de datos sin procesar resulten de utilidad. Por ejemplo, el contador de datos sin procesar NumberOfItems64 puede exponer datos que sean muy aleatorios de una muestra. La fórmula para calcular el promedio de los valores que el contador devuelve sería (X 0 + X 1 +... + X n) / n, donde cada X es un ejemplo de contador sin formato.

Los contadores de tasa son similares a los contadores de promedio, pero más útiles en situaciones en que la tasa aumenta a medida que se utiliza un recurso. Una fórmula que calcula rápidamente el promedio es ((X n -X 0) / (T n -T 0)) / frecuencia, donde cada X es una muestra de contador y cada T es el tiempo que se tomó la muestra correspondiente. El resultado es el promedio de uso por segundo.

System_CAPS_noteNota

A menos que se indique lo contrario, la base de tiempo es segundos.

Al instrumentar aplicaciones (crear y escribir contadores de rendimiento personalizados), podría estar trabajando con tipos de contador de rendimiento que se basan en un contador base complementario que se usa en los cálculos. El contador base debe encontrarse inmediatamente después del contador asociado en la CounterCreationDataCollection colección usa la aplicación. En la tabla siguiente enumera los tipos de contador base con los tipos de contador de rendimiento correspondientes.

Tipo de contador base

Tipos de contador de rendimiento

AverageBase

AverageTimer32

AverageCount64

CounterMultiBase

CounterMultiTimer

CounterMultiTimerInverse

CounterMultiTimer100Ns

CounterMultiTimer100NsInverse

RawBase

RawFraction

SampleBase

SampleFraction

Los ejemplos siguientes muestran algunos de los tipos de contador en el PerformanceCounterType (enumeración).

AverageCount64

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App

    Private Shared avgCounter64Sample As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared avgCounter64SampleBase As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub 'Main

    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("AverageCounter64SampleCategory") Then

            Dim counterDataCollection As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim averageCount64 As New CounterCreationData()
            averageCount64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64
            averageCount64.CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample"
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim averageCount64Base As New CounterCreationData()
            averageCount64Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase
            averageCount64Base.CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase"
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64Base)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", _
               "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.", _
                      PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, counterDataCollection)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory

    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.

        avgCounter64Sample = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64Sample", False)

        avgCounter64SampleBase = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64SampleBase", False)

        avgCounter64Sample.RawValue = 0
        avgCounter64SampleBase.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write(j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString())

            avgCounter64Sample.IncrementBy(value)

            avgCounter64SampleBase.Increment()

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples

    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults

    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
    '		during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
    '		processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
    '		ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
    '		last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
    ' Generic type - Average
    '  	Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
    '		of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
    '		represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
    '		intervals. 
    '	Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
    '	Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.BaseValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue

    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App

AverageTimer32

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class App

    Private Const categoryName As String = "AverageTimer32SampleCategory"
    Private Const counterName As String = "AverageTimer32Sample"
    Private Const baseCounterName As String = "AverageTimer32SampleBase"

    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared BPC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        SetupCategory()
        CreateCounters()
        CollectSamples(samplesList)
        CalculateResults(samplesList)
    End Sub


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean

        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName) Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim averageTimer32 As New CounterCreationData()
            averageTimer32.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageTimer32
            averageTimer32.CounterName = counterName
            CCDC.Add(averageTimer32)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim averageTimer32Base As New CounterCreationData()
            averageTimer32Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase
            averageTimer32Base.CounterName = baseCounterName
            CCDC.Add(averageTimer32Base)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create( _
               categoryName, _
               "Demonstrates usage of the AverageTimer32 performance counter type", _
                 PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Console.WriteLine("Category created - " + categoryName)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine(("Category exists - " + _
               categoryName))
            Return False
        End If
    End Function


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter(categoryName, _
              counterName, False)

        BPC = New PerformanceCounter(categoryName, _
              baseCounterName, False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
        BPC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 9

            PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimeStamp()

            BPC.IncrementBy(10)

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(1000)
            Console.WriteLine(("Next value = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
            samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
        Next i
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        Dim sample1 As CounterSample
        Dim sample2 As CounterSample
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            sample1 = CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample)
            sample2 = CType(samplesList(i + 1), CounterSample)
            OutputSample(sample1)
            OutputSample(sample2)

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine((".NET computed counter value = " _
               + CounterSample.Calculate(sample1, sample2).ToString()))

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine(("My computed counter value = " _
               + MyComputeCounterValue(sample1, sample2).ToString()))

        Next i
    End Sub


    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//+++++++
    ' PERF_AVERAGE_TIMER
    '  Description - This counter type measures the time it takes, on 
    '     average, to complete a process or operation. Counters of this
    '     type display a ratio of the total elapsed time of the sample 
    '     interval to the number of processes or operations completed
    '     during that time. This counter type measures time in ticks 
    '     of the system clock. The F variable represents the number of
    '     ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the equation
    '     so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    '
    '  Generic type - Average
    '
    '  Formula - ((N1 - N0) / F) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N)
    '     represents the number of ticks counted during the last 
    '     sample interval, F represents the frequency of the ticks, 
    '     and the denominator (D) represents the number of operations
    '     completed during the last sample interval.
    '
    '  Average - ((Nx - N0) / F) / (Dx - D0)
    '
    '  Example - PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk sec/Transfer 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//+++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue( _
    ByVal s0 As CounterSample, _
    ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As Single
        Dim n1 As Int64 = s1.RawValue
        Dim n0 As Int64 = s0.RawValue
        Dim f As Decimal = CType(s1.SystemFrequency, Decimal)
        Dim d1 As Int64 = s1.BaseValue
        Dim d0 As Int64 = s0.BaseValue

        Dim numerator As Double = System.Convert.ToDouble(n1 - n0)
        Dim denominator As Double = System.Convert.ToDouble(d1 - d0)
        Dim counterValue As Single = CType(numerator, Single)
        counterValue = counterValue / CType(f, Single)
        counterValue = counterValue / CType(denominator, Single)

        Return counterValue
    End Function


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine("+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Cr _
              + ControlChars.Lf)
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + _
              s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + _
              s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " _
              + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + _
              s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + _
              s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + _
              s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + _
              s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + _
              s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub


End Class

ElapsedTime


Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class App

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        CollectSamples()
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples()

        Dim categoryName As String = "ElapsedTimeSampleCategory"
        Dim counterName As String = "ElapsedTimeSample"

        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(categoryName) Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim ETimeData As New CounterCreationData()
            ETimeData.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.ElapsedTime
            ETimeData.CounterName = counterName
            CCDC.Add(ETimeData)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create(categoryName, _
               "Demonstrates ElapsedTime performance counter usage.", _
                   PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - {0}", categoryName)
        End If

        ' Create the counter.
        Dim PC As PerformanceCounter
        PC = New PerformanceCounter(categoryName, counterName, False)

        ' Initialize the counter.
        PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp()

        Dim Start As DateTime = DateTime.Now

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99
            ' Output the values.
            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine(("NextValue() = " _
                    + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                Console.WriteLine(("Actual elapsed time = " _
                    + DateTime.Now.Subtract(Start).ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
            End If

            ' Reset the counter every 20th iteration.
            If j Mod 20 = 0 Then
                PC.RawValue = Stopwatch.GetTimestamp()
                Start = DateTime.Now
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j

        Console.WriteLine(("Elapsed time = " + _
              DateTime.Now.Subtract(Start).ToString()))
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++")

        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Cr _
              + ControlChars.Lf)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " _
              + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + _
              s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + _
              s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + _
              s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + _
              s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + _
              s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + _
              s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + _
              s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))

        Console.WriteLine("+++++++")
    End Sub
End Class

NumberOfItems32

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class NumberOfItems64

    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If
    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory") Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim NOI64 As New CounterCreationData()
            NOI64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems64
            NOI64.CounterName = "NumberOfItems32Sample"
            CCDC.Add(NOI64)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the NumberOfItems32 performance counter type.", _
                      PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - NumberOfItems32SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counter.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("NumberOfItems32SampleCategory", "NumberOfItems32Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)



        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write(j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString())

            PC.IncrementBy(value)

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples




    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = s1.RawValue
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString())
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'NumberOfItems64 


NumberOfItems64

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class NumberOfItems64

    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory") Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim NOI64 As New CounterCreationData()
            NOI64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.NumberOfItems64
            NOI64.CounterName = "NumberOfItems64Sample"
            CCDC.Add(NOI64)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the NumberOfItems64 performance counter type.", _
                   PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - NumberOfItems64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("NumberOfItems64SampleCategory", "NumberOfItems64Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            PC.IncrementBy(value)

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = s1.RawValue
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'NumberOfItems64 

SampleFraction

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics


' Provides a SampleFraction counter to measure the percentage of the user processor 
' time for this process to total processor time for the process.

Public Class App

    Private Shared perfCounter As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared basePerfCounter As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared thisProcess As Process = Process.GetCurrentProcess()


    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        ' If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        ' Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        ' There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        ' prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        ' Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        If SetupCategory() Then
            Return
        End If
        CreateCounters()
        CollectSamples(samplesList)
        CalculateResults(samplesList)

    End Sub 'Main



    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("SampleFractionCategory") Then

            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim sampleFraction As New CounterCreationData()
            sampleFraction.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.SampleFraction
            sampleFraction.CounterName = "SampleFractionSample"
            CCDC.Add(sampleFraction)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim sampleFractionBase As New CounterCreationData()
            sampleFractionBase.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.SampleBase
            sampleFractionBase.CounterName = "SampleFractionSampleBase"
            CCDC.Add(sampleFractionBase)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("SampleFractionCategory", "Demonstrates usage of the SampleFraction performance counter type.", PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - SampleFractionCategory")
            Return False
        End If

    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        perfCounter = New PerformanceCounter("SampleFractionCategory", "SampleFractionSample", False)


        basePerfCounter = New PerformanceCounter("SampleFractionCategory", "SampleFractionSampleBase", False)


        perfCounter.RawValue = thisProcess.UserProcessorTime.Ticks
        basePerfCounter.RawValue = thisProcess.TotalProcessorTime.Ticks

    End Sub 'CreateCounters

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)


        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            perfCounter.IncrementBy(thisProcess.UserProcessorTime.Ticks)

            basePerfCounter.IncrementBy(thisProcess.TotalProcessorTime.Ticks)

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(perfCounter.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(perfCounter.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j

    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1)
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)))

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)))
        Next i

    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    ' Description - This counter type provides A percentage counter that shows the 
    ' average ratio of user proccessor time to total processor time  during the last 
    ' two sample intervals.
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.BaseValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = 100 * (numerator / denomenator)
        Return counterValue

    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(vbCr + vbLf + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + vbCr + vbLf)
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue)
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency)
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp)
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType)
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue)
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency)
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp)
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec)
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")

    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App

RateOfCountsPerSecond32

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App
    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If
    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean

        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory") Then


            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim rateOfCounts32 As New CounterCreationData()
            rateOfCounts32.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond32
            rateOfCounts32.CounterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond32Sample"
            CCDC.Add(rateOfCounts32)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory", _
                "Demonstrates usage of the RateOfCountsPerSecond32 performance counter type.", _
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)
            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counter.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("RateOfCountsPerSecond32SampleCategory", "RateOfCountsPerSecond32Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample()

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            PC.IncrementBy(value)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine((";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))


            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults





    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
    '	Description	 - This counter type shows the average number of operations completed
    '		during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type
    '		measure time in ticks of the system clock. The F variable represents
    '		the number of ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the
    '		equation so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    '
    '	Generic type - Difference
    '
    '	Formula - (N1 - N0) / ( (D1 - D0) / F), where the numerator (N) represents the number
    '		of operations performed during the last sample interval, the denominator
    '		(D) represents the number of ticks elapsed during the last sample
    '		interval, and F is the frequency of the ticks.
    '
    '	     Average - (Nx - N0) / ((Dx - D0) / F) 
    '
    '       Example - System\ File Read Operations/sec 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue - s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.TimeStamp - s0.TimeStamp, [Single]) / CType(s1.SystemFrequency, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App 

RateOfCountsPerSecond64

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App
    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If
    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean


        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory") Then


            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim rateOfCounts64 As New CounterCreationData()
            rateOfCounts64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RateOfCountsPerSecond64
            rateOfCounts64.CounterName = "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample"
            CCDC.Add(rateOfCounts64)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the RateOfCountsPerSecond64 performance counter type.", _
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)
            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counter.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("RateOfCountsPerSecond64SampleCategory", "RateOfCountsPerSecond64Sample", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample()

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            PC.IncrementBy(value)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine((";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples


    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))


            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + _
            CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + _
            MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults




    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
    '	Description	 - This counter type shows the average number of operations completed
    '		during each second of the sample interval. Counters of this type
    '		measure time in ticks of the system clock. The F variable represents
    '		the number of ticks per second. The value of F is factored into the
    '		equation so that the result can be displayed in seconds.
    '
    '	Generic type - Difference
    '
    '	Formula - (N1 - N0) / ( (D1 - D0) / F), where the numerator (N) represents the number
    '		of operations performed during the last sample interval, the denominator
    '		(D) represents the number of ticks elapsed during the last sample
    '		interval, and F is the frequency of the ticks.
    '
    '	Average - (Nx - N0) / ((Dx - D0) / F) 
    '
    '  Example - System\ File Read Operations/sec 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue - s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.TimeStamp - s0.TimeStamp, [Single]) / CType(s1.SystemFrequency, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App

RawFraction

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _


Public Class App
    Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared BPC As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()

        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub 'Main


    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean


        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("RawFractionSampleCategory") Then


            Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim rf As New CounterCreationData()
            rf.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RawFraction
            rf.CounterName = "RawFractionSample"
            CCDC.Add(rf)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim rfBase As New CounterCreationData()
            rfBase.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.RawBase
            rfBase.CounterName = "RawFractionSampleBase"
            CCDC.Add(rfBase)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("RawFractionSampleCategory", _
            "Demonstrates usage of the RawFraction performance counter type.", _
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - RawFractionSampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory


    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.
        PC = New PerformanceCounter("RawFractionSampleCategory", "RawFractionSample", False)

        BPC = New PerformanceCounter("RawFractionSampleCategory", "RawFractionSampleBase", False)

        PC.RawValue = 0
        BPC.RawValue = 0
    End Sub 'CreateCounters


    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Initialize the performance counter.
        PC.NextSample()

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99
            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write((j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString()))

            ' Increment the base every time, because the counter measures the number 
            ' of high hits (raw fraction value) against all the hits (base value).
            BPC.Increment()

            ' Get the % of samples that are 9 or 10 out of all the samples taken.
            If value >= 9 Then
                PC.Increment()
            End If
            ' Copy out the next value every ten times around the loop.
            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                Console.WriteLine((";       NextValue() = " + PC.NextValue().ToString()))
                OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub 'CollectSamples



    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To samplesList.Count - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub 'CalculateResults


    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    ' Formula from MSDN -
    '      Description - This counter type shows the ratio of a subset to its set as a percentage.
    '			For example, it compares the number of bytes in use on a disk to the
    '			total number of bytes on the disk. Counters of this type display the 
    '			current percentage only, not an average over time.
    '
    ' Generic type - Instantaneous, Percentage 
    '	    Formula - (N0 / D0), where D represents a measured attribute and N represents one
    '			component of that attribute.
    '
    '		Average - SUM (N / D) /x 
    '		Example - Paging File\% Usage Peak
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal rfSample As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(rfSample.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(rfSample.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator * 100
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine("+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App 



.NET Framework
Disponible desde 1.1
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