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Inglés

Clase DataReceivedEventArgs

 

Publicado: noviembre de 2016

Proporciona datos para los eventos OutputDataReceived y ErrorDataReceived.

Espacio de nombres:   System.Diagnostics
Ensamblado:  System (en System.dll)

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventArgs

public class DataReceivedEventArgs : EventArgs

NombreDescripción
System_CAPS_pubpropertyData

Obtiene la línea de caracteres que escribió para un redirigida Process flujo de salida.

NombreDescripción
System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determina si el objeto especificado es igual al objeto actual.(Heredado de Object).

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Permite que un objeto intente liberar recursos y realizar otras operaciones de limpieza antes de ser reclamado por el recolector de basura. (Heredado de Object).

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Sirve como la función hash predeterminada.(Heredado de Object).

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Obtiene el Type de la instancia actual.(Heredado de Object).

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficial del Object actual.(Heredado de Object).

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Devuelve una cadena que representa al objeto actual. (Heredado de Object).

To asynchronously collect the redirected P:System.Diagnostics.Process.StandardOutput or P:System.Diagnostics.Process.StandardError stream output of a process, you must create a method that handles the redirected stream output events. The event-handler method is called when the process writes to the redirected stream. The event delegate calls your event handler with an instance of T:System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventArgs. The P:System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventArgs.Data property contains the text line that the process wrote to the redirected stream.

The following code example illustrates how to perform asynchronous read operations on the redirected P:System.Diagnostics.Process.StandardOutput stream of the sort command. The sort command is a console application that reads and sorts text input.

The example creates an event delegate for the SortOutputHandler event handler and associates it with the E:System.Diagnostics.Process.OutputDataReceived event. The event handler receives text lines from the redirected P:System.Diagnostics.Process.StandardOutput stream, formats the text, and writes the text to the screen.

// Define the namespaces used by this sample.
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace ProcessAsyncStreamSamples
{
    class SortOutputRedirection
    {
        // Define static variables shared by class methods.
        private static StringBuilder sortOutput = null;
        private static int numOutputLines = 0;

        public static void SortInputListText()
        {
            // Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
            // The sort command is a console application that
            // reads and sorts text input.

            Process sortProcess;
            sortProcess = new Process();
            sortProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Sort.exe";

            // Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
            sortProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;

            // Redirect the standard output of the sort command.  
            // This stream is read asynchronously using an event handler.
            sortProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
            sortOutput = new StringBuilder("");

            // Set our event handler to asynchronously read the sort output.
            sortProcess.OutputDataReceived += new DataReceivedEventHandler(SortOutputHandler);

            // Redirect standard input as well.  This stream
            // is used synchronously.
            sortProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true;

            // Start the process.
            sortProcess.Start();

            // Use a stream writer to synchronously write the sort input.
            StreamWriter sortStreamWriter = sortProcess.StandardInput;

            // Start the asynchronous read of the sort output stream.
            sortProcess.BeginOutputReadLine();

            // Prompt the user for input text lines.  Write each 
            // line to the redirected input stream of the sort command.
            Console.WriteLine("Ready to sort up to 50 lines of text");

            String inputText;
            int numInputLines = 0;
            do 
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Enter a text line (or press the Enter key to stop):");

                inputText = Console.ReadLine();
                if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(inputText))
                {
                    numInputLines ++;
                    sortStreamWriter.WriteLine(inputText);
                }
            }
            while (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(inputText) && (numInputLines < 50));
            Console.WriteLine("<end of input stream>");
            Console.WriteLine();

            // End the input stream to the sort command.
            sortStreamWriter.Close();

            // Wait for the sort process to write the sorted text lines.
            sortProcess.WaitForExit();

            if (numOutputLines > 0)
            {
                // Write the formatted and sorted output to the console.
                Console.WriteLine(" Sort results = {0} sorted text line(s) ", 
                    numOutputLines);
                Console.WriteLine("----------");
                Console.WriteLine(sortOutput);
            }
            else 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(" No input lines were sorted.");
            }

            sortProcess.Close();
        }

        private static void SortOutputHandler(object sendingProcess, 
            DataReceivedEventArgs outLine)
        {
            // Collect the sort command output.
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(outLine.Data))
            {
                numOutputLines++;

                // Add the text to the collected output.
                sortOutput.Append(Environment.NewLine + 
                    "[" + numOutputLines.ToString() + "] - " + outLine.Data);
            }
        }
    }
}

namespace ProcessAsyncStreamSamples
{

    class ProcessSampleMain
    {
        /// The main entry point for the application.
        static void Main()
        {
            try 
            {
                SortOutputRedirection.SortInputListText();
            }
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Exception:");
                Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
            }
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework
Disponible desde 2.0

Cualquier miembro ( Compartido en Visual Basic) estático público de este tipo es seguro para subprocesos. No se garantiza que los miembros de instancia sean seguros para subprocesos.

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