Cómo: Pintar un área con un dibujo

 

Publicado: junio de 2016

En este ejemplo se muestra cómo pintar un área con un dibujo. Para pintar una área con un dibujo, se utiliza un objeto DrawingBrush y uno o más objetos Drawing. En el ejemplo siguiente se utiliza un objeto DrawingBrush para pintar un objeto con un dibujo de dos elipses.

<!-- Demonstrates the use of DrawingBrush. -->
<Page  
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  Background="White">
  <StackPanel Margin="20">

    <Rectangle Width="150" Height="150" Stroke="Black" StrokeThickness="1">
      <Rectangle.Fill>
        <DrawingBrush>
          <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
            <GeometryDrawing Brush="MediumBlue">
              <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
                <GeometryGroup>
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="20" RadiusY="45" Center="50,50" />
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="45" RadiusY="20" Center="50,50" />
                </GeometryGroup>
              </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                <Pen Thickness="10">
                  <Pen.Brush>
                    <LinearGradientBrush>
                      <GradientStop Offset="0.0" Color="Black" />
                      <GradientStop Offset="1.0" Color="Gray" />
                    </LinearGradientBrush>
                  </Pen.Brush>
                </Pen>
              </GeometryDrawing.Pen>
            </GeometryDrawing>
          </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
        </DrawingBrush>
      </Rectangle.Fill>
    </Rectangle>
  </StackPanel>
</Page>


using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;


namespace Microsoft.Samples.DrawingBrushExamples
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Paints a Rectangle element with a DrawingBrush.
    /// </summary>
    public class DrawingBrushExample : Page
    {
        public DrawingBrushExample()
        {
            Background = Brushes.White;
            StackPanel mainPanel = new StackPanel();

            // Create a drawing of two ellipses.
            GeometryDrawing aDrawing = new GeometryDrawing();

            // Use geometries to describe two overlapping ellipses.
            EllipseGeometry ellipse1 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse1.RadiusX = 20;
            ellipse1.RadiusY = 45;
            ellipse1.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            EllipseGeometry ellipse2 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse2.RadiusX = 45;
            ellipse2.RadiusY = 20;
            ellipse2.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            GeometryGroup ellipses = new GeometryGroup();
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse1);
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse2);

            // Add the geometry to the drawing.
            aDrawing.Geometry = ellipses;

            // Specify the drawing's fill.
            aDrawing.Brush = Brushes.Blue;

            // Specify the drawing's stroke.
            Pen stroke = new Pen();
            stroke.Thickness = 10.0;
            stroke.Brush = new LinearGradientBrush(
                Colors.Black, Colors.Gray, new Point(0, 0), new Point(1, 1));
            aDrawing.Pen = stroke;

            // Create a DrawingBrush
            DrawingBrush myDrawingBrush = new DrawingBrush();
            myDrawingBrush.Drawing = aDrawing;

            // Create a Rectangle element.
            Rectangle aRectangle = new Rectangle();
            aRectangle.Width = 150;
            aRectangle.Height = 150;
            aRectangle.Stroke = Brushes.Black;
            aRectangle.StrokeThickness = 1.0;

            // Use the DrawingBrush to paint the rectangle's
            // background.
            aRectangle.Fill = myDrawingBrush;

            mainPanel.Children.Add(aRectangle);

            this.Content = mainPanel;

        }
    }
}

En la ilustración siguiente se muestran los resultados del ejemplo.

Resultado de DrawingBrush

(El centro de la forma es blanco por las razones descritas en Controlar el relleno de una forma compuesta.)

Estableciendo las propiedades Viewport y TileMode de un objeto DrawingBrush, puede crear una trama repetitiva. En el ejemplo siguiente se pinta un objeto con una trama creada a partir de un dibujo de dos elipses.

<!-- Demonstrates the use of DrawingBrush. -->
<Page  
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  Background="White">
  <StackPanel Margin="20">

    <Rectangle Width="150" Height="150" Stroke="Black" StrokeThickness="1">
      <Rectangle.Fill>
        <DrawingBrush Viewport="0,0,0.25,0.25" TileMode="Tile">
          <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
            <GeometryDrawing Brush="MediumBlue">
              <GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
                <GeometryGroup>
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="20" RadiusY="45" Center="50,50" />
                  <EllipseGeometry RadiusX="45" RadiusY="20" Center="50,50" />
                </GeometryGroup>
              </GeometryDrawing.Geometry>
              <GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                <Pen Thickness="10">
                  <Pen.Brush>
                    <LinearGradientBrush>
                      <GradientStop Offset="0.0" Color="Black" />
                      <GradientStop Offset="1.0" Color="Gray" />
                    </LinearGradientBrush>
                  </Pen.Brush>
                </Pen>
              </GeometryDrawing.Pen>
            </GeometryDrawing>
          </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
        </DrawingBrush>
      </Rectangle.Fill>
    </Rectangle>
  </StackPanel>
</Page>


using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Media.Imaging;
using System.Windows.Shapes;


namespace Microsoft.Samples.DrawingBrushExamples
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Paints a Rectangle element with a tiled DrawingBrush.
    /// </summary>
    public class TiledDrawingBrushExample : Page
    {

        public TiledDrawingBrushExample()
        {
            Background = Brushes.White;
            StackPanel mainPanel = new StackPanel();

            // Create a drawing of two ellipses.
            GeometryDrawing aDrawing = new GeometryDrawing();

            // Use geometries to describe two overlapping ellipses.
            EllipseGeometry ellipse1 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse1.RadiusX = 20;
            ellipse1.RadiusY = 45;
            ellipse1.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            EllipseGeometry ellipse2 = new EllipseGeometry();
            ellipse2.RadiusX = 45;
            ellipse2.RadiusY = 20;
            ellipse2.Center = new Point(50, 50);
            GeometryGroup ellipses = new GeometryGroup();
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse1);
            ellipses.Children.Add(ellipse2);

            // Add the geometry to the drawing.
            aDrawing.Geometry = ellipses;

            // Specify the drawing's fill.
            aDrawing.Brush = Brushes.Blue;

            // Specify the drawing's stroke.
            Pen stroke = new Pen();
            stroke.Thickness = 10.0;
            stroke.Brush = new LinearGradientBrush(
                Colors.Black, Colors.Gray, new Point(0, 0), new Point(1, 1));
            aDrawing.Pen = stroke;

            // Create a DrawingBrush
            DrawingBrush myDrawingBrush = new DrawingBrush();
            myDrawingBrush.Drawing = aDrawing;

            // Set the DrawingBrush's Viewport and TileMode
            // properties so that it generates a pattern.
            myDrawingBrush.Viewport = new Rect(0, 0, 0.25, 0.25);
            myDrawingBrush.TileMode = TileMode.Tile;

            // Create a Rectangle element.
            Rectangle aRectangle = new Rectangle();
            aRectangle.Width = 150;
            aRectangle.Height = 150;
            aRectangle.Stroke = Brushes.Black;
            aRectangle.StrokeThickness = 1.0;

            // Use the DrawingBrush to paint the rectangle's
            // background.
            aRectangle.Fill = myDrawingBrush;

            mainPanel.Children.Add(aRectangle);

            this.Content = mainPanel;

        }

    }
}

En la ilustración siguiente se muestran los resultados de DrawingBrush en mosaico.

Resultado en mosaico de DrawingBrush

Para obtener más información acerca de los pinceles de dibujo, vea Pintar con imágenes, dibujos y elementos visuales. Para obtener más información acerca de los objetos Drawing, vea Información general sobre objetos Drawing.

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