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Sintaxis declarativa del control de servidor Web GridView

Muestra los valores de un origen de datos en una tabla donde cada columna representa un campo y cada fila representa un registro. El control GridView permite seleccionar, ordenar y editar estos elementos.


<asp:GridView
    AccessKey="string"
    AllowPaging="True|False"
    AllowSorting="True|False"
    AutoGenerateColumns="True|False"
    AutoGenerateDeleteButton="True|False"
    AutoGenerateEditButton="True|False"
    AutoGenerateSelectButton="True|False"
    BackColor="color name|#dddddd"
    BackImageUrl="uri"
    BorderColor="color name|#dddddd"
    BorderStyle="NotSet|None|Dotted|Dashed|Solid|Double|Groove|Ridge|
        Inset|Outset"
    BorderWidth="size"
    Caption="string"
    CaptionAlign="NotSet|Top|Bottom|Left|Right"
    CellPadding="integer"
    CellSpacing="integer"
    CssClass="string"
    DataKeyNames="string"
    DataMember="string"
    DataSource="string"
    DataSourceID="string"
    EditIndex="integer"
    EmptyDataText="string"
    Enabled="True|False"
    EnableSortingAndPagingCallbacks="True|False"
    EnableTheming="True|False"
    EnableViewState="True|False"
    Font-Bold="True|False"
    Font-Italic="True|False"
    Font-Names="string"
    Font-Overline="True|False"
    Font-Size="string|Smaller|Larger|XX-Small|X-Small|Small|Medium|
        Large|X-Large|XX-Large"
    Font-Strikeout="True|False"
    Font-Underline="True|False"
    ForeColor="color name|#dddddd"
    GridLines="None|Horizontal|Vertical|Both"
    Height="size"
    HorizontalAlign="NotSet|Left|Center|Right|Justify"
    ID="string"
    OnDataBinding="DataBinding event handler"
    OnDataBound="DataBound event handler"
    OnDisposed="Disposed event handler"
    OnInit="Init event handler"
    OnLoad="Load event handler"
    OnPageIndexChanged="PageIndexChanged event handler"
    OnPageIndexChanging="PageIndexChanging event handler"
    OnPreRender="PreRender event handler"
    OnRowCancelingEdit="RowCancelingEdit event handler"
    OnRowCommand="RowCommand event handler"
    OnRowCreated="RowCreated event handler"
    OnRowDataBound="RowDataBound event handler"
    OnRowDeleted="RowDeleted event handler"
    OnRowDeleting="RowDeleting event handler"
    OnRowEditing="RowEditing event handler"
    OnRowUpdated="RowUpdated event handler"
    OnRowUpdating="RowUpdating event handler"
    OnSelectedIndexChanged="SelectedIndexChanged event handler"
    OnSelectedIndexChanging="SelectedIndexChanging event handler"
    OnSorted="Sorted event handler"
    OnSorting="Sorting event handler"
    OnUnload="Unload event handler"
    PageIndex="integer"
    PagerSettings-FirstPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-FirstPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-LastPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-LastPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-Mode="NextPrevious|Numeric|NextPreviousFirstLast|
        NumericFirstLast"
    PagerSettings-NextPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-NextPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-PageButtonCount="integer"
    PagerSettings-Position="Bottom|Top|TopAndBottom"
    PagerSettings-PreviousPageImageUrl="uri"
    PagerSettings-PreviousPageText="string"
    PagerSettings-Visible="True|False"
    PageSize="integer"
    RowHeaderColumn="string"
    runat="server"
    SelectedIndex="integer"
    ShowFooter="True|False"
    ShowHeader="True|False"
    SkinID="string"
    Style="string"
    TabIndex="integer"
    ToolTip="string"
    UseAccessibleHeader="True|False"
    Visible="True|False"
    Width="size"
>
        <AlternatingRowStyle />
        <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ApplyFormatInEditMode="True|False"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DataField="string"
                    DataFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    HtmlEncode="True|False"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NullDisplayText="string"
                    ReadOnly="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:BoundField>
                <asp:ButtonField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ButtonType="Button|Image|Link"
                    CausesValidation="True|False"
                    CommandName="string"
                    DataTextField="string"
                    DataTextFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    ImageUrl="uri"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Text="string"
                    ValidationGroup="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:ButtonField>
                <asp:CheckBoxField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    DataField="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    ReadOnly="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Text="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:CheckBoxField>
                <asp:CommandField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ButtonType="Button|Image|Link"
                    CancelImageUrl="uri"
                    CancelText="string"
                    CausesValidation="True|False"
                    DeleteImageUrl="uri"
                    DeleteText="string"
                    EditImageUrl="uri"
                    EditText="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertImageUrl="uri"
                    InsertText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NewImageUrl="uri"
                    NewText="string"
                    SelectImageUrl="uri"
                    SelectText="string"
                    ShowCancelButton="True|False"
                    ShowDeleteButton="True|False"
                    ShowEditButton="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    ShowInsertButton="True|False"
                    ShowSelectButton="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    UpdateImageUrl="uri"
                    UpdateText="string"
                    ValidationGroup="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:CommandField>
                <asp:HyperLinkField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    DataNavigateUrlFields="string"
                    DataNavigateUrlFormatString="string"
                    DataTextField="string"
                    DataTextFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NavigateUrl="uri"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Target="string|_blank|_parent|_search|_self|_top"
                    Text="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:HyperLinkField>
                <asp:ImageField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    AlternateText="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    DataAlternateTextField="string"
                    DataAlternateTextFormatString="string"
                    DataImageUrlField="string"
                    DataImageUrlFormatString="string"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    NullDisplayText="string"
                    NullImageUrl="uri"
                    ReadOnly="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                        <ControlStyle />
                        <FooterStyle />
                        <HeaderStyle />
                        <ItemStyle />
                </asp:ImageField>
                <asp:TemplateField
                    AccessibleHeaderText="string"
                    ConvertEmptyStringToNull="True|False"
                    FooterText="string"
                    HeaderImageUrl="uri"
                    HeaderText="string"
                    InsertVisible="True|False"
                    ShowHeader="True|False"
                    SortExpression="string"
                    Visible="True|False"
>
                            <ControlStyle />
                            <FooterStyle />
                            <HeaderStyle />
                            <ItemStyle />
                        <AlternatingItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </AlternatingItemTemplate>
                        <EditItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </EditItemTemplate>
                        <FooterTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </FooterTemplate>
                        <HeaderTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </HeaderTemplate>
                        <InsertItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </InsertItemTemplate>
                        <ItemTemplate>
                            <!-- child controls -->
                        </ItemTemplate>
                </asp:TemplateField>
        </Columns>
        <EditRowStyle />
        <EmptyDataRowStyle />
        <EmptyDataTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </EmptyDataTemplate>
        <FooterStyle />
        <HeaderStyle />
        <PagerSettings
            FirstPageImageUrl="uri"
            FirstPageText="string"
            LastPageImageUrl="uri"
            LastPageText="string"
            Mode="NextPrevious|Numeric|NextPreviousFirstLast|
                NumericFirstLast"
            NextPageImageUrl="uri"
            NextPageText="string"
            OnPropertyChanged="PropertyChanged event handler"
            PageButtonCount="integer"
            Position="Bottom|Top|TopAndBottom"
            PreviousPageImageUrl="uri"
            PreviousPageText="string"
            Visible="True|False"
        />
        <PagerStyle />
        <PagerTemplate>
            <!-- child controls -->
        </PagerTemplate>
        <RowStyle />
        <SelectedRowStyle />
</asp:GridView>

El control GridView se utiliza para mostrar los valores de un origen de datos en una tabla. Cada columna representa un campo y cada fila representa un registro. Para obtener más información sobre el uso del control GridView, vea GridView (Control de servidor Web).

En el código de ejemplo siguiente se muestra cómo utilizar el control GridView para mostrar los valores de la tabla Authors de la base de datos de ejemplo Pubs en Microsoft SQL Server. Los valores se recuperan mediante un control SqlDataSource.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>GridView Example</h3>

      <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
        datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
        autogeneratecolumns="true"
        emptydatatext="No data available." 
        allowpaging="true" 
        runat="server">                
      </asp:gridview>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
        
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


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