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Método Double.ToString (String)

 

Publicado: julio de 2016

Convierte el valor numérico de esta instancia en la representación de cadena equivalente usando el formato especificado.

Espacio de nombres:   System
Ensamblado:  mscorlib (en mscorlib.dll)

public string ToString(
	string format
)

Parámetros

format
Type: System.String

Cadena de formato numérico.

Valor devuelto

Type: System.String

Representación en forma de cadena del valor de esta instancia, tal y como especifica format.

Exception Condition
FormatException

format no es válido.

The M:System.Double.ToString(System.String) method formats a T:System.Double value in a specified format by using the conventions of the current culture. If you want to specify a different format or culture, use the other overloads of the M:System.Double.ToString(System.String) method, as follows:

To use format

For culture

Use the overload

Default ("G") format

Default (current) culture

ToString()

Default ("G") format

A specific culture

ToString(IFormatProvider)

A specific format or precision

A specific culture

ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

The return value can be P:System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.PositiveInfinitySymbol, P:System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.NegativeInfinitySymbol, P:System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.NaNSymbol, or the string representation of a number, as specified by format.

The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier except for D and X, as well as any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. If format is null or an empty string, the return value is formatted with the general numeric format specifier ("G").

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

  • For more information about numeric format specifiers, see Standard Numeric Format Strings and Custom Numeric Format Strings.

  • For more information about formatting, see Formatting Types.

By default, the return value only contains 15 digits of precision although a maximum of 17 digits is maintained internally. If the value of this instance has greater than 15 digits, Overload:System.Double.ToString returns P:System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.PositiveInfinitySymbol or P:System.Globalization.NumberFormatInfo.NegativeInfinitySymbol instead of the expected number. If you require more precision, specify format with the "G17" format specification, which always returns 17 digits of precision, or "R", which returns 15 digits if the number can be represented with that precision or 17 digits if the number can only be represented with maximum precision.

Notas para llamadores:

In some cases, T:System.Double values formatted with the "R" standard numeric format string do not successfully round-trip if compiled using the /platform:x64 or /platform:anycpu switches and run on 64-bit systems. To work around this problem, you can format T:System.Double values by using the "G17" standard numeric format string. The following example uses the "R" format string with a T:System.Double value that does not round-trip successfully, and also uses the "G17" format string to successfully round-trip the original value.

using System;

public class Example
{
   static void Main(string[] args)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Attempting to round-trip a Double with 'R':");
      double initialValue = 0.6822871999174;
      string valueString = initialValue.ToString("R");
      double roundTripped = double.Parse(valueString);
      Console.WriteLine("{0:R} = {1:R}: {2}\n",
                        initialValue, roundTripped, initialValue.Equals(roundTripped));

      Console.WriteLine("Attempting to round-trip a Double with 'G17':");
      string valueString17 = initialValue.ToString("G17");
      double roundTripped17 = double.Parse(valueString17);
      Console.WriteLine("{0:R} = {1:R}: {2}\n",
                        initialValue, roundTripped17, initialValue.Equals(roundTripped17));
   }
}
// If compiled to an application that targets anycpu or x64 and run on an x64 system,
// the example displays the following output:
//       Attempting to round-trip a Double with 'R':
//       0.6822871999174 = 0.68228719991740006: False
//
//       Attempting to round-trip a Double with 'G17':
//       0.6822871999174 = 0.6822871999174: True

The following example defines a numeric value and formats it as a currency value by using the "C" standard numeric format string and as a numeric value to three decimal places by using the "N" standard numeric format string. The result strings are formatted by using the conventions of the en-US culture. For more information on numeric format strings, see Standard Numeric Format Strings and Custom Numeric Format Strings.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      float number = 1764.3789m;

      // Format as a currency value.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("C"));

      // Format as a numeric value with 3 decimal places.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("N3"));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       $1,764.38
//       1,764.379

The following example displays several T:System.Double values using the supported standard numeric format specifiers together with three custom numeric format strings. One of those custom format strings illustrates how to pad a T:System.Single value with leading zeros. In addition, the example uses precision specifiers with each standard format specifier except for "R". The values of the precision specifiers range from 0 to 3. To convert the numeric values to strings, the example uses the formatting conventions of the en-US culture.

double[] numbers= {1054.32179, -195489100.8377, 1.0437E21, 
                   -1.0573e-05};
string[] specifiers = { "C", "E", "e", "F", "G", "N", "P", 
                        "R", "#,000.000", "0.###E-000",
                        "000,000,000,000.00###" };
foreach (double number in numbers)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Formatting of {0}:", number);
   foreach (string specifier in specifiers) {
      Console.WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                        specifier + ":", number.ToString(specifier));
      // Add precision specifiers from 0 to 3.
      if (specifier.Length == 1 & ! specifier.Equals("R")) {
         for (int precision = 0; precision <= 3; precision++) {
            string pSpecifier = String.Format("{0}{1}", specifier, precision);
            Console.WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                              pSpecifier + ":", number.ToString(pSpecifier));
         }    
         Console.WriteLine();
      }   
   }
   Console.WriteLine();
}
// The example displays the following output to the console:
//       Formatting of 1054.32179:
//          C:                     $1,054.32
//          C0:                    $1,054
//          C1:                    $1,054.3
//          C2:                    $1,054.32
//          C3:                    $1,054.322
//       
//          E:                     1.054322E+003
//          E0:                    1E+003
//          E1:                    1.1E+003
//          E2:                    1.05E+003
//          E3:                    1.054E+003
//       
//          e:                     1.054322e+003
//          e0:                    1e+003
//          e1:                    1.1e+003
//          e2:                    1.05e+003
//          e3:                    1.054e+003
//       
//          F:                     1054.32
//          F0:                    1054
//          F1:                    1054.3
//          F2:                    1054.32
//          F3:                    1054.322
//       
//          G:                     1054.32179
//          G0:                    1054.32179
//          G1:                    1E+03
//          G2:                    1.1E+03
//          G3:                    1.05E+03
//       
//          N:                     1,054.32
//          N0:                    1,054
//          N1:                    1,054.3
//          N2:                    1,054.32
//          N3:                    1,054.322
//       
//          P:                     105,432.18 %
//          P0:                    105,432 %
//          P1:                    105,432.2 %
//          P2:                    105,432.18 %
//          P3:                    105,432.179 %
//       
//          R:                     1054.32179
//          #,000.000:             1,054.322
//          0.###E-000:            1.054E003
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 000,000,001,054.32179
//       
//       Formatting of -195489100.8377:
//          C:                     ($195,489,100.84)
//          C0:                    ($195,489,101)
//          C1:                    ($195,489,100.8)
//          C2:                    ($195,489,100.84)
//          C3:                    ($195,489,100.838)
//       
//          E:                     -1.954891E+008
//          E0:                    -2E+008
//          E1:                    -2.0E+008
//          E2:                    -1.95E+008
//          E3:                    -1.955E+008
//       
//          e:                     -1.954891e+008
//          e0:                    -2e+008
//          e1:                    -2.0e+008
//          e2:                    -1.95e+008
//          e3:                    -1.955e+008
//       
//          F:                     -195489100.84
//          F0:                    -195489101
//          F1:                    -195489100.8
//          F2:                    -195489100.84
//          F3:                    -195489100.838
//       
//          G:                     -195489100.8377
//          G0:                    -195489100.8377
//          G1:                    -2E+08
//          G2:                    -2E+08
//          G3:                    -1.95E+08
//       
//          N:                     -195,489,100.84
//          N0:                    -195,489,101
//          N1:                    -195,489,100.8
//          N2:                    -195,489,100.84
//          N3:                    -195,489,100.838
//       
//          P:                     -19,548,910,083.77 %
//          P0:                    -19,548,910,084 %
//          P1:                    -19,548,910,083.8 %
//          P2:                    -19,548,910,083.77 %
//          P3:                    -19,548,910,083.770 %
//       
//          R:                     -195489100.8377
//          #,000.000:             -195,489,100.838
//          0.###E-000:            -1.955E008
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,195,489,100.8377
//       
//       Formatting of 1.0437E+21:
//          C:                     $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          C0:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
//          C1:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
//          C2:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          C3:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//       
//          E:                     1.043700E+021
//          E0:                    1E+021
//          E1:                    1.0E+021
//          E2:                    1.04E+021
//          E3:                    1.044E+021
//       
//          e:                     1.043700e+021
//          e0:                    1e+021
//          e1:                    1.0e+021
//          e2:                    1.04e+021
//          e3:                    1.044e+021
//       
//          F:                     1043700000000000000000.00
//          F0:                    1043700000000000000000
//          F1:                    1043700000000000000000.0
//          F2:                    1043700000000000000000.00
//          F3:                    1043700000000000000000.000
//       
//          G:                     1.0437E+21
//          G0:                    1.0437E+21
//          G1:                    1E+21
//          G2:                    1E+21
//          G3:                    1.04E+21
//       
//          N:                     1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          N0:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
//          N1:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
//          N2:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          N3:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//       
//          P:                     104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//          P0:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000 %
//          P1:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.0 %
//          P2:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//          P3:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.000 %
//       
//          R:                     1.0437E+21
//          #,000.000:             1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//          0.###E-000:            1.044E021
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//       
//       Formatting of -1.0573E-05:
//          C:                     $0.00
//          C0:                    $0
//          C1:                    $0.0
//          C2:                    $0.00
//          C3:                    $0.000
//       
//          E:                     -1.057300E-005
//          E0:                    -1E-005
//          E1:                    -1.1E-005
//          E2:                    -1.06E-005
//          E3:                    -1.057E-005
//       
//          e:                     -1.057300e-005
//          e0:                    -1e-005
//          e1:                    -1.1e-005
//          e2:                    -1.06e-005
//          e3:                    -1.057e-005
//       
//          F:                     0.00
//          F0:                    0
//          F1:                    0.0
//          F2:                    0.00
//          F3:                    0.000
//       
//          G:                     -1.0573E-05
//          G0:                    -1.0573E-05
//          G1:                    -1E-05
//          G2:                    -1.1E-05
//          G3:                    -1.06E-05
//       
//          N:                     0.00
//          N0:                    0
//          N1:                    0.0
//          N2:                    0.00
//          N3:                    0.000
//       
//          P:                     0.00 %
//          P0:                    0 %
//          P1:                    0.0 %
//          P2:                    0.00 %
//          P3:                    -0.001 %
//       
//          R:                     -1.0573E-05
//          #,000.000:             000.000
//          0.###E-000:            -1.057E-005
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,000,000,000.00001 

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Disponible desde 8
.NET Framework
Disponible desde 1.1
Biblioteca de clases portable
Se admite en: plataformas portátiles de .NET
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Disponible desde 2.0
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