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Método Console.WriteLine (String, Object, Object)

 

Publicado: octubre de 2016

Escribe la representación de texto de los objetos especificados, seguida del terminador de línea actual, en el flujo de salida estándar usando la información de formato especificada.

Espacio de nombres:   System
Ensamblado:  mscorlib (en mscorlib.dll)

[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, UI = true)]
public static void WriteLine(
	string format,
	object arg0,
	object arg1
)

Parámetros

format
Type: System.String

Cadena de formato compuesto (vea Comentarios).

arg0
Type: System.Object

Primer objeto que se va a escribir con format.

arg1
Type: System.Object

Segundo objeto que se va a escribir con format.

Exception Condition
IOException

Error de E/S.

ArgumentNullException

El valor de format es null.

FormatException

La especificación de formato de format no es válida.

This method uses the composite formatting feature of the .NET Framework to convert the value of an object to its text representation and embed that representation in a string. The resulting string is written to the output stream.

The format parameter consists of zero or more runs of text intermixed with zero or more indexed placeholders, called format items, that correspond to an object in the parameter list of this method. The formatting process replaces each format item with the text representation of the value of the corresponding object.

The syntax of a format item is {index[,alignment][:formatString]}, which specifies a mandatory index, the optional length and alignment of the formatted text, and an optional string of format specifier characters that govern how the value of the corresponding object is formatted.

The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics.

  • For more information about the composite formatting feature supported by methods such as Overload:System.String.Format, Overload:System.Text.StringBuilder.AppendFormat, and some overloads of Overload:System.Console.WriteLine, see Composite Formatting.

  • For more information about numeric format specifiers, see Standard Numeric Format Strings and Custom Numeric Format Strings.

  • For more information about date and time format specifiers, see Standard DateTime Format Strings and Custom DateTime Format Strings.

  • For more information about enumeration format specifiers, see Enumeration Format Strings.

  • For more information about formatting, see Formatting Types.

For more information about the line terminator, see the Remarks section of the M:System.Console.WriteLine method that takes no parameters.

The following example demonstrates the standard formatting specifiers for numbers, dates, and enumerations.

// This code example demonstrates the Console.WriteLine() method.
// Formatting for this example uses the "en-US" culture.

using System;
class Sample 
{
    enum Color {Yellow = 1, Blue, Green};
    static DateTime thisDate = DateTime.Now;

    public static void Main() 
    {
    Console.Clear();

// Format a negative integer or floating-point number in various ways.
    Console.WriteLine("Standard Numeric Format Specifiers");
    Console.WriteLine(
        "(C) Currency: . . . . . . . . {0:C}\n" +
        "(D) Decimal:. . . . . . . . . {0:D}\n" +
        "(E) Scientific: . . . . . . . {1:E}\n" +
        "(F) Fixed point:. . . . . . . {1:F}\n" +
        "(G) General:. . . . . . . . . {0:G}\n" +
        "    (default):. . . . . . . . {0} (default = 'G')\n" +
        "(N) Number: . . . . . . . . . {0:N}\n" +
        "(P) Percent:. . . . . . . . . {1:P}\n" +
        "(R) Round-trip: . . . . . . . {1:R}\n" +
        "(X) Hexadecimal:. . . . . . . {0:X}\n",
        -123, -123.45f); 

// Format the current date in various ways.
    Console.WriteLine("Standard DateTime Format Specifiers");
    Console.WriteLine(
        "(d) Short date: . . . . . . . {0:d}\n" +
        "(D) Long date:. . . . . . . . {0:D}\n" +
        "(t) Short time: . . . . . . . {0:t}\n" +
        "(T) Long time:. . . . . . . . {0:T}\n" +
        "(f) Full date/short time: . . {0:f}\n" +
        "(F) Full date/long time:. . . {0:F}\n" +
        "(g) General date/short time:. {0:g}\n" +
        "(G) General date/long time: . {0:G}\n" +
        "    (default):. . . . . . . . {0} (default = 'G')\n" +
        "(M) Month:. . . . . . . . . . {0:M}\n" +
        "(R) RFC1123:. . . . . . . . . {0:R}\n" +
        "(s) Sortable: . . . . . . . . {0:s}\n" +
        "(u) Universal sortable: . . . {0:u} (invariant)\n" +
        "(U) Universal full date/time: {0:U}\n" +
        "(Y) Year: . . . . . . . . . . {0:Y}\n", 
        thisDate);

// Format a Color enumeration value in various ways.
    Console.WriteLine("Standard Enumeration Format Specifiers");
    Console.WriteLine(
        "(G) General:. . . . . . . . . {0:G}\n" +
        "    (default):. . . . . . . . {0} (default = 'G')\n" +
        "(F) Flags:. . . . . . . . . . {0:F} (flags or integer)\n" +
        "(D) Decimal number: . . . . . {0:D}\n" +
        "(X) Hexadecimal:. . . . . . . {0:X}\n", 
        Color.Green);       
    }
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

Standard Numeric Format Specifiers
(C) Currency: . . . . . . . . ($123.00)
(D) Decimal:. . . . . . . . . -123
(E) Scientific: . . . . . . . -1.234500E+002
(F) Fixed point:. . . . . . . -123.45
(G) General:. . . . . . . . . -123
    (default):. . . . . . . . -123 (default = 'G')
(N) Number: . . . . . . . . . -123.00
(P) Percent:. . . . . . . . . -12,345.00 %
(R) Round-trip: . . . . . . . -123.45
(X) Hexadecimal:. . . . . . . FFFFFF85

Standard DateTime Format Specifiers
(d) Short date: . . . . . . . 6/26/2004
(D) Long date:. . . . . . . . Saturday, June 26, 2004
(t) Short time: . . . . . . . 8:11 PM
(T) Long time:. . . . . . . . 8:11:04 PM
(f) Full date/short time: . . Saturday, June 26, 2004 8:11 PM
(F) Full date/long time:. . . Saturday, June 26, 2004 8:11:04 PM
(g) General date/short time:. 6/26/2004 8:11 PM
(G) General date/long time: . 6/26/2004 8:11:04 PM
    (default):. . . . . . . . 6/26/2004 8:11:04 PM (default = 'G')
(M) Month:. . . . . . . . . . June 26
(R) RFC1123:. . . . . . . . . Sat, 26 Jun 2004 20:11:04 GMT
(s) Sortable: . . . . . . . . 2004-06-26T20:11:04
(u) Universal sortable: . . . 2004-06-26 20:11:04Z (invariant)
(U) Universal full date/time: Sunday, June 27, 2004 3:11:04 AM
(Y) Year: . . . . . . . . . . June, 2004

Standard Enumeration Format Specifiers
(G) General:. . . . . . . . . Green
    (default):. . . . . . . . Green (default = 'G')
(F) Flags:. . . . . . . . . . Green (flags or integer)
(D) Decimal number: . . . . . 3
(X) Hexadecimal:. . . . . . . 00000003

*/

The following example is a tip calculator that calculates an 18% tip and uses the M:System.Console.WriteLine(System.Char) method to display the amount of the original charge, the amount of the tip, and the total amount. The example is a console application that requires the user to supply the amount of the original charge as a command-line parameter.

using System;

public class TipCalculator {
    private const double tipRate = 0.18;
    public static int Main(string[] args) {
        double billTotal;
        if (args.Length == 0) {
            Console.WriteLine("usage: TIPCALC total");
            return 1;
        }
        else {
            if (! Double.TryParse(args[0], out billTotal)) {
                Console.WriteLine("usage: TIPCALC total");
                return 1;
            }
            double tip = billTotal * tipRate;
            Console.WriteLine();
            Console.WriteLine("Bill total:\t{0,8:c}", billTotal);
            Console.WriteLine("Tip total/rate:\t{0,8:c} ({1:p1})", tip, tipRate);
            Console.WriteLine(("").PadRight(24, '-'));
            Console.WriteLine("Grand total:\t{0,8:c}", billTotal + tip);
            return 0;
        }
    }
}

/*
>tipcalc 52.23

Bill total:       $52.23
Tip total/rate:    $9.40 (18.0 %)
------------------------
Grand total:      $61.63
*/

UIPermission

for modifying safe top-level windows and subwindows. Associated enumeration: F:System.Security.Permissions.UIPermissionWindow.SafeTopLevelWindows

.NET Framework
Disponible desde 1.1
Silverlight
Disponible desde 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Disponible desde 7.0
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