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Interfaz IEnumerable

 

Expone un enumerador, que admite una iteración simple en una colección no genérica.

Para examinar el código fuente de .NET Framework de este tipo, consulte el origen de referencia.

Espacio de nombres:   System.Collections
Ensamblado:  mscorlib (en mscorlib.dll)

[GuidAttribute("496B0ABE-CDEE-11d3-88E8-00902754C43A")]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public interface IEnumerable

NombreDescripción
System_CAPS_pubmethodGetEnumerator()

Devuelve un enumerador que recorre en iteración una colección.

NombreDescripción
System_CAPS_pubmethodAsParallel()

Sobrecargado. Habilita la paralelización de una consulta.(Definido por ParallelEnumerable).

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsQueryable()

Sobrecargado. Convierte un IEnumerable para un IQueryable.(Definido por Queryable).

System_CAPS_pubmethodCast<TResult>()

Convierte los elementos de un IEnumerable al tipo especificado.(Definido por Enumerable).

System_CAPS_pubmethodOfType<TResult>()

Filtra los elementos de un IEnumerable basado en un tipo especificado.(Definido por Enumerable).

System_CAPS_noteNota

To view the .NET Framework source code for this type, see the Reference Sourcehttp://referencesource.microsoft.com/#mscorlib/system/collections/ienumerable.cs#9be451ac13d86a97. You can browse through the source code online, download the reference for offline viewing, and step through the sources (including patches and updates) during debugging; see instructionshttp://referencesource.microsoft.com/.

IEnumerable is the base interface for all non-generic collections that can be enumerated. For the generic version of this interface see System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T>. IEnumerable contains a single method, GetEnumerator, which returns an IEnumerator. IEnumerator provides the ability to iterate through the collection by exposing a Current property and MoveNext and Reset methods.

It is a best practice to implement T:System.Collections.IEnumerable and T:System.Collections.IEnumerator on your collection classes to enable the foreach (For Each in Visual Basic) syntax, however implementing T:System.Collections.IEnumerable is not required. If your collection does not implement T:System.Collections.IEnumerable, you must still follow the iterator pattern to support this syntax by providing a GetEnumerator method that returns an interface, class or struct. When using Visual Basic, you must provide an T:System.Collections.IEnumerator implementation, which is returned by GetEnumerator. When developing with C# you must provide a class that contains a Current property, and MoveNext and Reset methods as described by T:System.Collections.IEnumerator, but the class does not have to implement T:System.Collections.IEnumerator.

The following code example demonstrates the best practice for iterating a custom collection by implementing the T:System.Collections.IEnumerable and T:System.Collections.IEnumerator interfaces. In this example, members of these interfaces are not explicitly called, but they are implemented to support the use of foreach (For Each in Visual Basic) to iterate through the collection. This example is a complete Console app. To compile the Visual Basic app, change the Startup object to Sub Main in the project’s Properties page.

For a sample that shows how to implement the T:System.Collections.IEnumerable interface, see Implementing the IEnumerable Interface in a Collection Classhttp://code.msdn.microsoft.com/Implementing-the-e1708a24

using System;
using System.Collections;

// Simple business object.
public class Person
{
    public Person(string fName, string lName)
    {
        this.firstName = fName;
        this.lastName = lName;
    }

    public string firstName;
    public string lastName;
}

// Collection of Person objects. This class
// implements IEnumerable so that it can be used
// with ForEach syntax.
public class People : IEnumerable
{
    private Person[] _people;
    public People(Person[] pArray)
    {
        _people = new Person[pArray.Length];

        for (int i = 0; i < pArray.Length; i++)
        {
            _people[i] = pArray[i];
        }
    }

// Implementation for the GetEnumerator method.
    IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
       return (IEnumerator) GetEnumerator();
    }

    public PeopleEnum GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new PeopleEnum(_people);
    }
}

// When you implement IEnumerable, you must also implement IEnumerator.
public class PeopleEnum : IEnumerator
{
    public Person[] _people;

    // Enumerators are positioned before the first element
    // until the first MoveNext() call.
    int position = -1;

    public PeopleEnum(Person[] list)
    {
        _people = list;
    }

    public bool MoveNext()
    {
        position++;
        return (position < _people.Length);
    }

    public void Reset()
    {
        position = -1;
    }

    object IEnumerator.Current
    {
        get
        {
            return Current;
        }
    }

    public Person Current
    {
        get
        {
            try
            {
                return _people[position];
            }
            catch (IndexOutOfRangeException)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }
        }
    }
}

class App
{
    static void Main()
    {
        Person[] peopleArray = new Person[3]
        {
            new Person("John", "Smith"),
            new Person("Jim", "Johnson"),
            new Person("Sue", "Rabon"),
        };

        People peopleList = new People(peopleArray);
        foreach (Person p in peopleList)
            Console.WriteLine(p.firstName + " " + p.lastName);

    }
}

/* This code produces output similar to the following:
 *
 * John Smith
 * Jim Johnson
 * Sue Rabon
 *
 */

Plataforma universal de Windows
Disponible desde 8
.NET Framework
Disponible desde 1.1
Biblioteca de clases portable
Se admite en: plataformas portátiles de .NET
Silverlight
Disponible desde 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Disponible desde 7.0
Windows Phone
Disponible desde 8.1
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