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layout-grid-type property

Specifies the type of grid used for rendering the text content of an element.

Internet Explorer 9



layout-grid-type: loose | strict | fixed

Property values


Default. Grid used for Japanese and Korean characters. In this mode, a constant width increment is applied to characters as follows: Wide characters and narrow kana characters are incremented to obtain an exact grid fit, as specified by the layout-grid-char property. Other narrow characters, except connected and cursive characters, are incremented by half of the increment amount applied to wide characters. Other characters, including connected and cursive characters, are not incremented, and behave as if no character grid is set.


Grid used for Chinese, as well as Japanese (Genko) and Korean characters. Only the ideographs, kanas, and wide characters are snapped to the grid. Other characters are rendered as usual, as though the layout-grid-mode attribute is set to none or line for text spans containing these characters. This mode also disables special text justification and character width adjustments normally applied to the element. Finally, if there is no line-break opportunity in a text span that exceeds the line boundary, the text is pushed to the next line and the last part of the previous line is left blank.


Grid used for monospaced layout. The layout rules are as follows: All noncursive characters are treated as equal; every character is centered within a single grid space by default. Runs of cursive characters are treated as strips the same as in a strict grid. Justification or any other character-width changing behaviors are disabled.

CSS information

Applies ToAll elements
Initial Value

Standards information

There are no standards that apply here.


Microsoft Edge supports the unprefixed version (layout-grid-type) of this property.

Web documents in Asian languages, such as Chinese or Japanese, usually create a page layout for characters using a one- or two-dimensional grid. You can use the layout-grid attribute to incorporate this layout into Web documents.

The layout-grid-type attribute applies only to block-level elements.


This example uses the -layout-grid-type attribute to specify character layout for a block of text.

  .layout { layout-grid-type: strict; }

<div class="layout">
  This is a block element containing a sentence of sample text.

See also