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ProximityDevice.SubscribeForMessage | subscribeForMessage method

Creates a subscription for a specified message type.

Syntax


var number = proximityDevice.subscribeForMessage(messageType, messageReceivedHandler);

public long SubscribeForMessage(
  string messageType, 
  MessageReceivedHandler messageReceivedHandler
)

Public Function SubscribeForMessage(
  messageType As String,  
  messageReceivedHandler As MessageReceivedHandler 
) As Long

public:
long long SubscribeForMessage(
  String^ messageType, 
  MessageReceivedHandler^ messageReceivedHandler
)

Parameters

messageType

Type: String [JavaScript] | System.String [.NET] | Platform::String [C++]

The type of message to deliver to this subscription.

messageReceivedHandler

Type: MessageReceivedHandler

The handler that the proximity provider will call when it delivers a message.

Return value

Type: Number [JavaScript] | System.Int64 [.NET] | int64 [C++]

A unique ID for the subscription.

Remarks

After your app calls the SubscribeForMessage method, it will receive messages that are published with the same message type (as indicated by the messageType parameter) from any proximate devices. For details on the different message types, see the remarks in the PublishBinaryMessage(String, IBuffer) reference topic.

You can cancel a subscription by passing the subscription ID that's returned by the SubscribeForMessage method to the StopSubscribingForMessage method.

You can publish a message to a subscriber by using the PublishMessage, PublishBinaryMessage, or PublishUriMessage method.

Important  

The proximity APIs do not provide authentication, encryption, or message integrity. Do not use proximity to exchange user sensitive information such as passwords, financial data, text messages, email, photographs, or government id numbers.

 

Examples


Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice proximityDevice;
long publishedMessageId = -1;
long subscribedMessageId = -1;

private void initializeProximityDevice()
{
    proximityDevice = Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice.GetDefault();

    if (proximityDevice != null)
    {
        PublishMessageButton.Click += PublishMessage;
        SubscribeForMessageButton.Click += SubscribeForMessage;
        StopSubscribingForMessageButton.Click += StopSubscribingForMessage;
        StopPublishingMessageButton.Click += StopPublishingMessage;
    }
    else
    {
        WriteMessageText("Failed to initialized proximity device.\n");
    }
}

private void PublishMessage(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    // Stop publishing the current message.
    if (publishedMessageId != -1)
    {
        proximityDevice.StopPublishingMessage(publishedMessageId);
    }

    publishedMessageId = 
        proximityDevice.PublishMessage("Windows.SampleMessage", MessageTextBlock.Text);
}

private void SubscribeForMessage(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    // Only subscribe for the message one time.
    if (subscribedMessageId == -1)
    {
        subscribedMessageId = 
        proximityDevice.SubscribeForMessage("Windows.SampleMessage", messageReceived);
    }
}

private void messageReceived(
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice device, 
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityMessage message)
{
    MessageBlock.Text += "Message received: " + message.DataAsString + "\n";
}

private void StopSubscribingForMessage(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    proximityDevice.StopSubscribingForMessage(subscribedMessageId);
    subscribedMessageId = -1;
}

private void StopPublishingMessage(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    proximityDevice.StopPublishingMessage(publishedMessageId);
    publishedMessageId = -1;
}

// Write a message to MessageBlock on the UI thread.
private Windows.UI.Core.CoreDispatcher messageDispatcher = Window.Current.CoreWindow.Dispatcher;

async private void WriteMessageText(string message, bool overwrite = false)
{
    await messageDispatcher.RunAsync(Windows.UI.Core.CoreDispatcherPriority.Normal,
        () =>
        {
            if (overwrite)
                MessageBlock.Text = message;
            else
                MessageBlock.Text += message;
        });
}

function id(elementId) {
    return document.getElementById(elementId);
}

var proximityDevice;
var publishedMessageId = -1;
var subscribedMessageId = -1;

function initializeProximityDevice() {
    proximityDevice = Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice.getDefault();

    if (proximityDevice) {
        id("publishMessageButton").addEventListener("click", publishMessage);
        id("subscribeForMessageButton").addEventListener("click", subscribeForMessage);
id("stopSubscribingForMessageButton").addEventListener("click", 
    stopSubScribingForMessage);
id("stopPublishingMessageButton").addEventListener("click", 
    stopPublishingMessage);
    }
    else {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "Failed to initialized proximity device.<br />";
    }
}

function publishMessage() {
    // Stop publishing the current message.
    if (publishedMessageId != -1) {
        proximityDevice.stopPublishingMessage(publishedMessageId);
    }

    publishedMessageId = 
proximityDevice.publishMessage("Windows.SampleMessage", id("messageText").value);
}

function subscribeForMessage() {
    // Only subscribe for the message one time.
    if (subscribedMessageId === -1) {
        subscribedMessageId = 
    proximityDevice.subscribeForMessage("Windows.SampleMessage", messageReceived);
    }
}

function messageReceived(device, message) {
    id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "Message received: " + message.dataAsString + "<br />";
}

    function stopSubscribingForMessage() {
proximityDevice.stopSubscribingForMessage(subscribedMessageId);
    subscribedMessageId = -1;
    }

    function stopPublishingMessage() {
proximityDevice.stopPublishingMessage(publishedMessageId);
    publishedMessageId = -1;
    }

Private proximityDevice As Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice
Private publishedMessageId As Long = -1
Private subscribedMessageId As Long = -1

Private Sub initializeProximityDevice()
    proximityDevice = Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice.GetDefault()

    If proximityDevice IsNot Nothing Then
        AddHandler PublishMessageButton.Click, AddressOf PublishMessage
        AddHandler SubscribeForMessageButton.Click, AddressOf SubscribeForMessage
        AddHandler StopSubscribingForMessageButton.Click, AddressOf StopSubscribingForMessage
        AddHandler StopPublishingMessageButton.Click, AddressOf StopPublishingMessage
    Else
        WriteMessageText("Failed to initialized proximity device." & vbTab)
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub PublishMessage(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    ' Stop publishing the current message.
    If publishedMessageId <> -1 Then
        proximityDevice.StopPublishingMessage(publishedMessageId)
    End If

    publishedMessageId =
        proximityDevice.PublishMessage("Windows.SampleMessage", MessageTextBlock.Text)
End Sub

Private Sub SubscribeForMessage(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    ' Only subscribe for the message one time.
    If subscribedMessageId = -1 Then
        subscribedMessageId =
        proximityDevice.SubscribeForMessage("Windows.SampleMessage", AddressOf messageReceived)
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub messageReceived(
    device As Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityDevice,
    message As Windows.Networking.Proximity.ProximityMessage)

    MessageBlock.Text &= "Message received: " & message.DataAsString & vbTab
End Sub

Private Sub StopSubscribingForMessage(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    proximityDevice.StopSubscribingForMessage(subscribedMessageId)
    subscribedMessageId = -1
End Sub

Private Sub StopPublishingMessage(sender As Object, e As RoutedEventArgs)
    proximityDevice.StopPublishingMessage(publishedMessageId)
    publishedMessageId = -1
End Sub

' Write a message to MessageBlock on the UI thread.
Private Async Sub WriteMessageText(message As String, Optional overwrite As Boolean = False)
    Await Dispatcher.RunAsync(Windows.UI.Core.CoreDispatcherPriority.Normal,
        Sub()
            If overwrite Then
                MessageBlock.Text = message
            Else
                MessageBlock.Text &= message
            End If
        End Sub)
End Sub

Requirements (Windows 10 device family)

Device family

Universal, introduced version 10.0.10240.0 [for Xbox, see UWP features that aren't yet supported on Xbox]

API contract

Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract, introduced version 1.0

Namespace

Windows.Networking.Proximity
Windows::Networking::Proximity [C++]

Metadata

Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract.winmd

Capabilities

proximity

Requirements (Windows 8.x and Windows Phone 8.x)

Minimum supported client

Windows 8

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012

Minimum supported phone

Windows Phone 8

Namespace

Windows.Networking.Proximity
Windows::Networking::Proximity [C++]

Metadata

Windows.winmd

Capabilities

proximity
ID_CAP_PROXIMITY [Windows Phone]

See also

ProximityDevice
Proximity and Tapping (JavaScript)
Proximity and Tapping (C#/VB/C++)
Samples
Proximity sample