ConfigurationSectionCollection Class
 

Represents a collection of related sections within a configuration file.

Namespace:   System.Configuration
Assembly:  System.Configuration (in System.Configuration.dll)

Inheritance Hierarchy
SystemObject
   System.Collections.SpecializedNameObjectCollectionBase
    System.ConfigurationConfigurationSectionCollection

Syntax
[SerializableAttribute]
public sealed class ConfigurationSectionCollection : NameObjectCollectionBase
[SerializableAttribute]
public ref class ConfigurationSectionCollection sealed : NameObjectCollectionBase
[<Sealed>]
[<SerializableAttribute>]
type ConfigurationSectionCollection = 
    class
        inherit NameObjectCollectionBase
    end
<SerializableAttribute>
Public NotInheritable Class ConfigurationSectionCollection
	Inherits NameObjectCollectionBase
Properties
NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubproperty

Gets the number of sections in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.(Overrides .)

System_CAPS_pubproperty

Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object.

System_CAPS_pubproperty

Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object.

System_CAPS_pubproperty

Gets the keys to all ConfigurationSection objects contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.(Overrides .)

Methods
NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethod Add

Adds a ConfigurationSection object to the ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod Clear

Clears this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod CopyTo

Copies this ConfigurationSectionCollection object to an array.

System_CAPS_pubmethod Equals

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod Get

Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod Get

Gets the specified ConfigurationSection object contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod GetEnumerator

Gets an enumerator that can iterate through this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.(Overrides NameObjectCollectionBaseGetEnumerator.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod GetHashCode

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod GetKey

Gets the key of the specified ConfigurationSection object contained in this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod GetObjectData

Used by the system during serialization.(Overrides NameObjectCollectionBaseGetObjectData.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod GetType

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod OnDeserialization

Implements the ISerializable interface and raises the deserialization event when the deserialization is complete.(Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod Remove

Removes the specified ConfigurationSection object from this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod RemoveAt

Removes the specified ConfigurationSection object from this ConfigurationSectionCollection object.

System_CAPS_pubmethod ToString

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

Explicit Interface Implementations
NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterface System_CAPS_privmethod ICollectionCopyTo

Copies the entire NameObjectCollectionBase to a compatible one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified index of the target array.(Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)

System_CAPS_pubinterface System_CAPS_privproperty

Gets a value indicating whether access to the NameObjectCollectionBase object is synchronized (thread safe).(Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)

System_CAPS_pubinterface System_CAPS_privproperty

Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the NameObjectCollectionBase object.(Inherited from NameObjectCollectionBase.)

Extension Methods
NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethod AsParallel

Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query.(Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod AsQueryable

Overloaded. Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.(Defined by Queryable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod Cast

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethod OfType

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

Remarks

Use the ConfigurationSectionCollection class to iterate through a collection of ConfigurationSection objects. You can access this collection of objects using the property or the property.

The ConfigurationSectionCollection class is also used in the creation of custom types that extend the ConfigurationSection class.

Examples

The following code example shows how to use the ConfigurationSectionCollection class.

using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;

namespace Samples.AspNet.Configuration
{


    // Define a custom section programmatically.
    public sealed class CustomSection :
        ConfigurationSection
    {
        // The collection (property bag) that contains 
        // the section properties.
        private static ConfigurationPropertyCollection _Properties;


        // The FileName property.
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _FileName =
            new ConfigurationProperty("fileName",
            typeof(string), "default.txt",
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired);

        // The MasUsers property.
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _MaxUsers =
            new ConfigurationProperty("maxUsers",
            typeof(long), (long)1000,
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.None);

        // The MaxIdleTime property.
        private static readonly ConfigurationProperty _MaxIdleTime =
            new ConfigurationProperty("maxIdleTime",
            typeof(TimeSpan), TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5),
            ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired);

        // CustomSection constructor.
        public CustomSection()
        {
            // Property initialization
            _Properties =
                new ConfigurationPropertyCollection();

            _Properties.Add(_FileName);
            _Properties.Add(_MaxUsers);
            _Properties.Add(_MaxIdleTime);
        }


        // This is a key customization. 
        // It returns the initialized property bag.
        protected override ConfigurationPropertyCollection Properties
        {
            get
            {
                return _Properties;
            }
        }



        [StringValidator(InvalidCharacters = " ~!@#$%^&*()[]{}/;'\"|\\",
            MinLength = 1, MaxLength = 60)]
        public string FileName
        {
            get
            {
                return (string)this["fileName"];
            }
            set
            {

                this["fileName"] = value;
            }
        }

        [LongValidator(MinValue = 1, MaxValue = 1000000,
            ExcludeRange = false)]
        public long MaxUsers
        {
            get
            {
                return (long)this["maxUsers"];
            }
            set
            {
                this["maxUsers"] = value;
            }
        }

        [TimeSpanValidator(MinValueString = "0:0:30",
            MaxValueString = "5:00:0",
            ExcludeRange = false)]
        public TimeSpan MaxIdleTime
        {
            get
            {
                return (TimeSpan)this["maxIdleTime"];
            }
            set
            {
                this["maxIdleTime"] = value;
            }
        }


    }


    class UsingCustomSectionCollection
    {

        // Create a custom section.
        static void CreateSection()
        {
            try
            {

                CustomSection customSection;

                // Get the current configuration file.
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                        ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                        ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                // Create the section entry  
                // in the <configSections> and the 
                // related target section in <configuration>.
                if (config.Sections["CustomSection"] == null)
                {
                    customSection = new CustomSection();
                    config.Sections.Add("CustomSection", customSection);
                    customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                    config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
                }
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }

        }

        static void GetAllKeys()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);


                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;

                foreach (string key in sections.Keys)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(
                     "Key value: {0}", key);
                }


            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void Clear()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                config.Sections.Clear();

                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetSection()
        {

            try
            {
                CustomSection customSection =
                    ConfigurationManager.GetSection(
                    "CustomSection") as CustomSection;

                if (customSection == null)
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Failed to load CustomSection.");
                else
                {
                    // Display section information
                    Console.WriteLine("Defaults:");
                    Console.WriteLine("File Name:       {0}",
                        customSection.FileName);
                    Console.WriteLine("Max Users:       {0}",
                        customSection.MaxUsers);
                    Console.WriteLine("Max Idle Time:   {0}",
                        customSection.MaxIdleTime);

                }

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }

        static void GetEnumerator()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);


                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;

                IEnumerator secEnum =
                    sections.GetEnumerator();

                int i = 0;
                while (secEnum.MoveNext())
                {
                    string setionName = sections.GetKey(i);
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Section name: {0}", setionName);
                    i += 1;
                }
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetKeys()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;


                foreach (string key in sections.Keys)
                {


                    Console.WriteLine(
                     "Key value: {0}", key);
                }


            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void GetItems()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                ConfigurationSectionCollection sections =
                    config.Sections;


                ConfigurationSection section1 =
                    sections["runtime"];

                ConfigurationSection section2 =
                    sections[0];

                Console.WriteLine(
                     "Section1: {0}", section1.SectionInformation.Name);

                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Section2: {0}", section2.SectionInformation.Name);

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void Remove()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                CustomSection customSection =
                    config.GetSection(
                    "CustomSection") as CustomSection;


                if (customSection != null)
                {
                    config.Sections.Remove("CustomSection");
                    customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                    config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
                }
                else
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "CustomSection does not exists.");

            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        static void AddSection()
        {

            try
            {
                System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

                CustomSection customSection =
                    new CustomSection();


                string index =
                    config.Sections.Count.ToString();

                customSection.FileName =
                    "newFile" + index + ".txt";

                string sectionName = "CustomSection" + index;

                TimeSpan ts = new TimeSpan(0, 15, 0);
                customSection.MaxIdleTime = ts;
                customSection.MaxUsers = 100;

                config.Sections.Add(sectionName, customSection);
                customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);
            }
            catch (ConfigurationErrorsException err)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(err.ToString());
            }
        }


        // Exercise the collection.
        // Uncomment the function you want to exercise.
        // Start with CreateSection().
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            CreateSection();
            // AddSection();
            // GetSection();
            // GetEnumerator();
            // GetAllKeys();
            // GetKeys();
            // GetItems();

            // Remove();
            // Clear();
        }


    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Collections




' Define a custom section programmatically.

Public NotInheritable Class CustomSection
    Inherits ConfigurationSection
    ' The collection (property bag) that contains 
    ' the section properties.
    Private Shared _Properties _
    As ConfigurationPropertyCollection


    ' The FileName property.
    Private Shared _FileName _
    As New ConfigurationProperty("fileName", _
    GetType(String), "default.txt", _
    ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired)

    ' The MasUsers property.
    Private Shared _MaxUsers _
    As New ConfigurationProperty("maxUsers", _
    GetType(Long), Fix(1000), _
    ConfigurationPropertyOptions.None)

    ' The MaxIdleTime property.
    Private Shared _MaxIdleTime _
    As New ConfigurationProperty("maxIdleTime", _
    GetType(TimeSpan), TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5), _
    ConfigurationPropertyOptions.IsRequired)


    ' CustomSection constructor.
    Public Sub New()
        ' Property initialization
        _Properties = _
        New ConfigurationPropertyCollection()

        _Properties.Add(_FileName)
        _Properties.Add(_MaxUsers)
        _Properties.Add(_MaxIdleTime)
    End Sub 'NewNew


    ' This is a key customization. 
    ' It returns the initialized property bag.
    Protected Overrides ReadOnly Property Properties() _
    As ConfigurationPropertyCollection
        Get
            Return _Properties
        End Get
    End Property



    <StringValidator( _
    InvalidCharacters:=" ~!@#$%^&*()[]{}/;'""|\", _
    MinLength:=1, MaxLength:=60)> _
    Public Property FileName() As String
        Get
            Return CStr(Me("fileName"))
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)

            Me("fileName") = value
        End Set
    End Property


    <LongValidator(MinValue:=1, _
    MaxValue:=1000000, ExcludeRange:=False)> _
    Public Property MaxUsers() As Long
        Get
            Return Fix(Me("maxUsers"))
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Long)
            Me("maxUsers") = value
        End Set
    End Property


    <TimeSpanValidator(MinValueString:="0:0:30", _
    MaxValueString:="5:00:0", ExcludeRange:=False)> _
    Public Property MaxIdleTime() As TimeSpan
        Get
            Return CType(Me("maxIdleTime"), TimeSpan)
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As TimeSpan)
            Me("maxIdleTime") = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class 'CustomSection 




Class UsingCustomSectionCollection


    ' Create a custom section.
    Shared Sub CreateSection()
        Try

            Dim customSection As CustomSection

            ' Get the current configuration file.
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            ' Create the section entry  
            ' in the <configSections> and the 
            ' related target section in <configuration>.
            If config.Sections("CustomSection") Is Nothing Then
                customSection = New CustomSection()
                config.Sections.Add("CustomSection", customSection)
                customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = True
                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full)
            End If
        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'CreateSection


    Shared Sub GetAllKeys()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)


            Dim sections _
            As ConfigurationSectionCollection = _
            config.Sections

            Dim key As String
            For Each key In sections.Keys
                Console.WriteLine("Key value: {0}", key)
            Next key


        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'GetAllKeys



    Shared Sub Clear()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            config.Sections.Clear()

            config.Save( _
            ConfigurationSaveMode.Full)
        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'Clear


    Shared Sub GetSection()

        Try
            Dim customSection _
            As CustomSection = _
            ConfigurationManager.GetSection( _
            "CustomSection")

            If customSection Is Nothing Then
                Console.WriteLine("Failed to load CustomSection.")
            Else
                ' Display section information
                Console.WriteLine("Defaults:")
                Console.WriteLine("File Name:       {0}", _
                customSection.FileName)
                Console.WriteLine("Max Users:       {0}", _
                customSection.MaxUsers)
                Console.WriteLine("Max Idle Time:   {0}", _
                customSection.MaxIdleTime)
            End If


        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'GetSection

    Shared Sub GetEnumerator()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            Dim sections _
            As ConfigurationSectionCollection = _
            config.Sections

            Dim secEnum _
            As IEnumerator = sections.GetEnumerator()

            Dim i As Integer = 0
            While secEnum.MoveNext()
                Dim setionName _
                As String = sections.GetKey(i)
                Console.WriteLine( _
                "Section name: {0}", setionName)
                i += 1
            End While
        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'GetEnumerator


    Shared Sub GetKeys()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            Dim sections _
            As ConfigurationSectionCollection = _
            config.Sections


            Dim key As String
            For Each key In sections.Keys


                Console.WriteLine("Key value: {0}", key)
            Next key


        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'GetKeys


    Shared Sub GetItems()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            Dim sections _
            As ConfigurationSectionCollection = _
            config.Sections


            Dim section1 As ConfigurationSection = _
            sections.Item("runtime")

            Dim section2 As ConfigurationSection = _
            sections.Item(0)

            Console.WriteLine("Section1: {0}", _
            section1.SectionInformation.Name)

            Console.WriteLine("Section2: {0}", _
            section2.SectionInformation.Name)

        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'GetItems


    Shared Sub Remove()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            Dim customSection As CustomSection = _
            config.GetSection("CustomSection")


            If Not (customSection Is Nothing) Then
                config.Sections.Remove("CustomSection")
                customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = True
                config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine( _
                "CustomSection does not exists.")
            End If

        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'Remove


    Shared Sub AddSection()

        Try
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            Dim customSection _
            As New CustomSection()


            Dim index As String = _
            config.Sections.Count.ToString()

            customSection.FileName = _
            "newFile" + index + ".txt"

            Dim sectionName As String = _
            "CustomSection" + index

            Dim ts As New TimeSpan(0, 15, 0)
            customSection.MaxIdleTime = ts
            customSection.MaxUsers = 100

            config.Sections.Add(sectionName, customSection)
            customSection.SectionInformation.ForceSave = True
            config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full)
        Catch err As ConfigurationErrorsException
            Console.WriteLine(err.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub 'AddSection



    ' Exercise the collection.
    ' Uncomment the function you want to exercise.
    ' Start with CreateSection().
    Public Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        CreateSection()
        ' AddSection()
        ' GetSection()
        ' GetEnumerator()
        ' GetAllKeys()
        ' GetKeys()
        GetItems()
        ' Clear()
        ' Remove()
    End Sub 'Main 

End Class 'UsingCustomSectionCollection 

The following example is an excerpt of the configuration file used by the previous example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
  <configSections>

    <section name="CustomSection" 
      type="Samples.AspNet.Configuration.CustomSection, ConfigurationSectionCollection, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" allowDefinition="Everywhere" allowExeDefinition="MachineToApplication" restartOnExternalChanges="true" />

  </configSections>

  <CustomSection fileName="default.txt" maxUsers="1000" 
    maxIdleTime="00:05:00" />

</configuration>
Version Information
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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