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FileSetAttributes Method
 

Sets the specified FileAttributes of the file on the specified path.

Namespace:   System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Syntax
public static void SetAttributes(
	string path,
	FileAttributes fileAttributes
)
public:
static void SetAttributes(
	String^ path,
	FileAttributes fileAttributes
)
static member SetAttributes : 
        path:string *
        fileAttributes:FileAttributes -> unit
Public Shared Sub SetAttributes (
	path As String,
	fileAttributes As FileAttributes
)

Parameters

path
Type:

The path to the file.

fileAttributes
Type:

A bitwise combination of the enumeration values.

Exceptions
Exception Condition
ArgumentException

path is empty, contains only white spaces, contains invalid characters, or the file attribute is invalid.

PathTooLongException

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

NotSupportedException

path is in an invalid format.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The specified path is invalid, (for example, it is on an unmapped drive).

FileNotFoundException

The file cannot be found.

UnauthorizedAccessException

path specified a file that is read-only.

-or-

This operation is not supported on the current platform.

-or-

path specified a directory.

-or-

The caller does not have the required permission.

Remarks

The path parameter is permitted to specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, see GetCurrentDirectory.

Certain file attributes, such as Hidden and ReadOnly, can be combined. Other attributes, such as Normal, must be used alone.

It is not possible to change the compression status of a File object using the SetAttributes method.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

Examples

The following example demonstrates the GetAttributes and SetAttributes methods by applying the Archive and Hidden attributes to a file.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";

        // Create the file if it does not exist.
        if (!File.Exists(path)) 
        {
            File.Create(path);
        }

        FileAttributes attributes = File.GetAttributes(path);

        if ((attributes & FileAttributes.Hidden) == FileAttributes.Hidden)
        {
            // Show the file.
            attributes = RemoveAttribute(attributes, FileAttributes.Hidden);
            File.SetAttributes(path, attributes);
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path);
        } 
        else 
        {
            // Hide the file.
            File.SetAttributes(path, File.GetAttributes(path) | FileAttributes.Hidden);
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is now hidden.", path);
        }
    }

    private static FileAttributes RemoveAttribute(FileAttributes attributes, FileAttributes attributesToRemove)
    {
        return attributes & ~attributesToRemove;
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim path As String = "c:\temp\MyTest.txt"

        ' Create the file if it does not exist.
        If File.Exists(path) = False Then
            File.Create(path)
        End If

        Dim attributes As FileAttributes
        attributes = File.GetAttributes(path)

        If (attributes And FileAttributes.Hidden) = FileAttributes.Hidden Then
            ' Show the file.
            attributes = RemoveAttribute(attributes, FileAttributes.Hidden)
            File.SetAttributes(path, attributes)
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path)
        Else
            ' Hide the file.
            File.SetAttributes(path, File.GetAttributes(path) Or FileAttributes.Hidden)
            Console.WriteLine("The {0} file is now hidden.", path)
        End If
    End Sub

    Public Shared Function RemoveAttribute(ByVal attributes As FileAttributes, ByVal attributesToRemove As FileAttributes) As FileAttributes
        Return attributes And (Not attributesToRemove)
    End Function
End Class
using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   String^ path = "c:\\temp\\MyTest.txt";

   // Create the file if it does not exist.
   if (  !File::Exists( path ) )
   {
      File::Create( path );
   }

   if ( (File::GetAttributes( path ) & FileAttributes::Hidden) == FileAttributes::Hidden )
   {

      // Show the file.
      File::SetAttributes(path, File::GetAttributes( path ) & ~FileAttributes::Hidden);
      Console::WriteLine( "The {0} file is no longer hidden.", path );
   }
   else
   {

      // Hide the file.
      File::SetAttributes( path, static_cast<FileAttributes>(File::GetAttributes( path ) | FileAttributes::Hidden) );
      Console::WriteLine( "The {0} file is now hidden.", path );
   }
}
Security
FileIOPermission

for reading and writing files. Associated enumeration: FileIOPermissionAccessWrite

Version Information
Universal Windows Platform
Available since 10
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
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