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StringConcat Method
 

Concatenates the members of a constructed IEnumerable collection of type String.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Syntax
[ComVisibleAttribute(false)]
public static string Concat(
	IEnumerable<string> values
)
public:
[ComVisibleAttribute(false)]
static String^ Concat(
	IEnumerable<String^>^ values
)
[<ComVisibleAttribute(false)>]
static member Concat : 
        values:IEnumerable<string> -> string
<ComVisibleAttribute(False)>
Public Shared Function Concat (
	values As IEnumerable(OfString)
) As String

Parameters

values
Type:

A collection object that implements IEnumerable and whose generic type argument is String.

Return Value

Type:

The concatenated strings in values, or StringEmpty if values is an empty IEnumerable(Of String).

Exceptions
Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

values is null.

Remarks

The method concatenates each object in values; it does not add any delimiters. To specify a delimiter between each member of values, call the Join method.

An Empty string is used in place of any null element in values.

If values is an empty IEnumerable(Of String), the method returns StringEmpty. If values is null, the method throws an ArgumentNullException exception.

Concat is a convenience method that lets you concatenate each element in an IEnumerable(Of String) collection without first converting the elements to a string array. It is particularly useful with Language-Integrated Query (LINQ) query expressions. The following example passes a List(Of String) object that contains either the uppercase or lowercase letters of the alphabet to a lambda expression that selects letters that are equal to or greater than a particular letter (which, in the example, is "M"). The IEnumerable(Of String) collection that is returned by the EnumerableWhere method is passed to the Concat method to display the result as a single string.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string output = String.Concat( GetAlphabet(true).Where( letter => 
                      letter.CompareTo("M") >= 0));
      Console.WriteLine(output);  
   }

   private static List<string> GetAlphabet(bool upper)
   {
      List<string> alphabet = new List<string>();
      int charValue = upper ? 65 : 97;
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 25; ctr++)
         alphabet.Add(Convert.ToChar(charValue + ctr).ToString());
      return alphabet; 
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//      MNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Linq

Module modMain
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim output As String = String.Concat(GetAlphabet(true).Where(Function(letter) _
                                                         letter >= "M"))

      Console.WriteLine(output)                                     
   End Sub

   Private Function GetAlphabet(upper As Boolean) As List(Of String)
      Dim alphabet As New List(Of String)
      Dim charValue As Integer = CInt(IIf(upper, 65, 97))
      For ctr As Integer = 0 To 25
         alphabet.Add(ChrW(charValue + ctr).ToString())
      Next
      Return alphabet 
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       MNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Examples

The following example uses the Sieve of Eratosthenes algorithm to calculate the prime numbers that are less than or equal to 100. It assigns the result to a List object of type String, which it then passes to the Concat method.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      int maxPrime = 100;
      IEnumerable<String> primeList = GetPrimes(maxPrime);
      Console.WriteLine("Primes less than {0}:", maxPrime);
      Console.WriteLine("   {0}", String.Concat(primeList));
   }

   private static IEnumerable<String> GetPrimes(int maxPrime)
   {
      Array values = Array.CreateInstance(typeof(int), 
                              new int[] { maxPrime - 1}, new int[] { 2 }); 
      // Use Sieve of Erathsthenes to determine prime numbers.
      for (int ctr = values.GetLowerBound(0); ctr <= (int) Math.Ceiling(Math.Sqrt(values.GetUpperBound(0))); ctr++)
      {

         if ((int) values.GetValue(ctr) == 1) continue;

         for (int multiplier = ctr; multiplier <=  maxPrime / 2; multiplier++)
            if (ctr * multiplier <= maxPrime)
               values.SetValue(1, ctr * multiplier);
      }      

      List<String> primes = new List<String>();
      for (int ctr = values.GetLowerBound(0); ctr <= values.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++)
         if ((int) values.GetValue(ctr) == 0) 
            primes.Add(ctr.ToString() + " ");
      return primes;
   }   
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Primes less than 100:
//       2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37 41 43 47 53 59 61 67 71 73 79 83 89 97
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim maxPrime As Integer = 100
      Dim primeList As IEnumerable(Of String) = GetPrimes(maxPrime)
      Console.WriteLine("Primes less than {0}:", maxPrime)
      Console.WriteLine("   {0}", String.Concat(primeList))
   End Sub

   Private Function GetPrimes(maxPrime As Integer) As IEnumerable(Of String)
      Dim values As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(Integer), _
                              New Integer() { maxPrime - 1}, New Integer(){ 2 }) 
      ' Use Sieve of Erathsthenes to determine prime numbers.
      For ctr As Integer = values.GetLowerBound(0) To _
                           CInt(Math.Ceiling(Math.Sqrt(values.GetUpperBound(0))))
         If CInt(values.GetValue(ctr)) = 1 Then Continue For

         For multiplier As Integer = ctr To maxPrime \ 2
            If ctr * multiplier <= maxPrime Then values.SetValue(1, ctr * multiplier)
         Next   
      Next      

      Dim primes As New List(Of String)
      For ctr As Integer = values.GetLowerBound(0) To values.GetUpperBound(0)
         If CInt(values.GetValue(ctr)) = 0 Then primes.Add(ctr.ToString() + " ")
      Next            
      Return primes
   End Function   
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Primes less than 100:
'       2 3 5 7 11 13 17 19 23 29 31 37 41 43 47 53 59 61 67 71 73 79 83 89 97
Version Information
Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 4.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.1
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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